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澳大利亚预科aiisgnment:压力有什么影响?人们可以做些什么来减轻压力?

时间:2019-01-29 16:10来源:未知 作者:anne 点击:
导读:这是一篇擦社会学专业的assignment范文,讨论了压力对人们的健康有害,但适当地利用压力可以激发人们完成任务的非凡表现。 Introduction介绍 如今,人们生活和工作压力很大。压力是人们
导读:这是一篇擦社会学专业的assignment范文,讨论了压力对人们的健康有害,但适当地利用压力可以激发人们完成任务的非凡表现。
 
Introduction介绍
 
如今,人们生活和工作压力很大。压力是人们生活和工作中的一把双刃剑。良好的生活和工作质量应该能适当地平衡压力。本文旨在研究压力的影响以及人们可以做些什么来减轻压力。
Tricia Ellis Christensen(2010)总结道,人们生活和工作中的压力就像一枚两面都有的硬币。一方面,压力有其优点。压力可以刺激人们在工作中的表现,因为在适当的压力下,人们可以表现出非凡的能力来承担任务。良好的情绪和适当的压力使用可以刺激人们的潜在能力。此外,Healey(2009年,第7页)认为,一定程度的压力对于发挥作用和激励人们充分发挥潜能是必要的。例如,在第二次世界大战纳粹袭击的压力下,温斯顿·丘吉尔带领英国军队改变了不利局面,以赢得与纳粹的战争。在全球金融危机下,白宫采取了有效措施,顺利度过难关。然而,另一方面,压力也有其缺点。在大多数情况下,人们的生活和工作都被认为是一个障碍,因为它的负能量。累积的负面影响会导致严重的健康问题。慢性压力对人的健康有危害,如心脏病、呼吸急促、血液流动方向改变、血栓形成等,巨大的压力会使人在竞争或工作中的策略恶化。总的来说,压力对人有积极和消极的影响。
Nowadays, people live and work under great stress. Stress is a double-edged sword in people’s life and work. The good quality of life and work should properly balance the stress. This paper aims to investigate what the effects of stress are and what people can do to reduce stress.
 
The stress in people’s life and work is like a coin with two sides, summarized from Tricia Ellis-Christensen (2010). On the one hand, stress has its merits. The stress can stimulate people’s performance in their work, because under proper stress people can perform their extraordinary competence to undertake the assignment. The good mood and appropriately usage of stress can stimulate people’s potential ability. Besides, Healey (2009, p.7) asserts that a certain level of stress is necessary to function and to motivate people to arrive their full potential. For example, under the stress of Nazi’s attack in World War II, Winston Churchill guided the Britain army changing the adverse situation in order to win the battles with the Nazi. Under the global financial crisis, the White House conducted effective measures to smoothly overcome the hard time. However, on the other hand, stress has its demerits. Under most circumstance is considered as an obstacle in people life and work due to its negative power. The cumulative negative influences on people will lead to serious health problems. The chronic stress is dangerous to people’s health, such as heart disease, quick breathing, redirection of blood flow, blood clot, etc. The great stress will worsen people’s strategy in competition or at work. To sum up, stress has positive and negative effects on people. 
 
Under stress, people are not incompetence. On the contrary, people can do various measures to reduce stress and have a good mood. First and foremost, people should recognize what stress is. The stress is from behavioral, emotional, physical, and cognitive aspects. Finding for the cause of the stress can reduce the time to cure it. Furthermore, nutrition can help people reduce their tension, because it is investigated that stress is from the exhaustion, and depletion of vitamins and minerals. Moreover, physical exercise can help people forget their stress, because when you concentrate to do one thing you will forget the others. Besides the physical exercise, the other relaxation ways are also helpful to reduce the stress of people, such as reading a booking, playing computer games, making handcraft, fishing, gardening, planting, chatting with friends, drawing, etc. In the relaxation process, people can enjoy themselves. In addition, the realistic thinking is aided in reduction of people’s stress. The realistic thinking means think before you leap. While you feel stressed, you can ask yourself what makes you feel in this way, how it is likely to occur, what the worst possible outcome is, etc. The well known of the cause of stress can help you conduct yourself in a reasonable direction. What’s more, the well control and organize one’s time can lead people to success and reduce the worries for lost a game. Besides, the mood sharing and coping with the other are also effective to reduce stress. The above mentioned points are the psychological and mood treatment. Someone asserts that medication can also help people to calm down and feel less stress. However, it is shown that certain medications will shorten people’s life. Thus, the medical treatment to stress should be careful and caution.
 
Conclusion
As a conclusion, although stress is harmful to people’s health, the properly use of stress can trigger people’s extraordinary performance to fulfill their missions. People can use the psychological and medical treatment to reduce their stress.
 
References
Christensen, T. E. 2010, ‘What Effects Does Stress Have on the Body?’
Healey, J 2009, ‘Recognising and managing stress’ in Issues in Society, vol.285, The Spinney Press, NSW, pp.7-8. 
 


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