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留学生作业case study范文:雀巢公司的组织结构

时间:2017-03-12 17:31来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:cinq 点击:
本文是留学生作业case study写作范文,主要内容是以雀巢公司的组织结构作为研究对象,讨论和分析企业管理的相关理论和影响作用。
留学生作业case study范文:雀巢公司的组织结构
Nestle Organizational Structure
 
雀巢是瑞士跨国营养和健康相关的消费品公司,总部设在瑞士沃韦。它是世界上最大的食品公司。雀巢公司的产品包括婴儿食品、咖啡、糖果、瓶装水、早餐谷物、乳制品、冰淇淋、宠物食品和零食。29个雀巢的品牌,年销售额超过10亿瑞士法郎(约合11亿美元),其中包括,雀巢,Kit Kat,雀巢,Smarties,Nesquik斯托福,维特尔,美极。雀巢在全球86个国家拥有约450家工厂,员工遍布全球约328000人。它是欧莱雅,世界上最大的化妆品公司的主要股东之一。雀巢成立于1905,由英国瑞士牛奶公司合并,由兄弟George Page和Charles Page于1866成立。该公司在第一次世界大战期间显著增长,并再次在第二次世界大战后,增加其产品超越其早期炼乳和婴儿配方产品。本公司已取得了一些公司的收购。2011年,雀巢在全球财富排名第500位被评为全球最赚钱的公司。市值为2000亿美元,雀巢在英国<<金融时报>>全球排名第13位。
 
INTRODUCTION 简介
Nestle is a Swiss multinational nutritional and health-related consumer goods company headquartered in Vevey, Switzerland. It is the largest food company in the world. Nestle's products include baby food, coffee, confectionery, bottled water, breakfast cereals, dairy products, ice cream, pet foods and snacks. 29 of Nestle's brands have annual sales of over 1 billion CHF (about US$ 1.1 billion), including, Nescafe, Kit Kat, Nespresso, Smarties, Nesquik, Stouffer's, Vittel, and Maggi. Nestle has around 450 factories in 86 countries, and employs around 328,000 people all around the world. It is one of the main stockholders of L'Oreal, the world's largest cosmetics company. Nestle was formed in 1905 by the merger of the Anglo Swiss Milk Company, established in 1866 by brothers George Page and Charles Page. The company grew significantly during the First World War and again following the Second World War, increasing its offerings beyond its early condensed milk and infant formula products. The company has made a number of corporate acquisitions, including Crosse & Blackwell in 1950, Findus in 1963, Libby's in 1971, Rowntree Mackintosh in 1988 and Gerber in 2007. In 2011, Nestle was listed Number one in the Fortune Global 500 as the world's most profitable corporation. With a market capitalization of $ 200 billion, Nestle ranked Number 13 in the FT Global 2011. (Nestle2011)
 
Henry Nestle (1814-1890)
 
Nestle System and Organization Structure
A company's organizational chart typically demonstrates relations between people within an organization. Such relations might include managers to sub-workers, directors to managing directors, chief executive officer to various departments, and so forth. When an organization chart grows too large it can be split into smaller charts for separate departments within the organization.
 
The different types of organization charts include:
 
Hierarchical
 
Matrix
 
Flat (also known as Horizontal)
 
Nestle Company is a decentralized organization that is organized according to the matrix structure. Nestle as a decentralized organization permits to subordinate branches to enjoy a proportionately high-level of independence. Although it still makes major strategy decisions at the headquarter level, daily operations are left up to subordinate branches to derive and perform. The responsibility for operating decisions is push down to local units (Broeckx & Hooijberg 2008).
 
In organization structure, Complex system is a system that is comprises a large number of entities that display a high level of nonlinear interactivity. There are number of basic observations that have been made through the examination of complex systems, mainly using computer simulation and the mathematic of non-linearity. (Unden 2001)
 
Complex systems are usually open systems. Nestle, over its long historical development from a small village operation to the world's leading food Company, has illustrate an excellent capability to adjust to an ever-changing external environment, without losing its basic beliefs and core values, so important for long-term success. Over the years to come, this capability will continue to be challenge even more as Nestle is growing in size and complexity up to a dimension, which demands a continuous development of its organisation and of the way in which it run (Christopher & Yannicrumar 2008).
 
(D.Rigby 2009)
 
Nestle Organization Chart
In Organization chart, we can see that the management of Nestle is also divided into 3 types' top-level management, middle level of management and low-level management.
 
Top Level of Management:
 
It contains of board of directors, chief executive or managing director. The top management is the final source of authority and it manages aims and policies for an initiative. It dedicates more time on planning and coordinating functions.
 
The role of the top management can be summarized as follows:
 
Top management broad policies of the enterprise and lays down the objectives.
 
It issues necessary instructions for preparation of subdivision procedures, schedules, budgets, etc.
 
It prepares strategic policies & plans for the initiative.
 
It appoints the executive for middle level for instance departmental managers.
 
It coordinates & controls the activities of all the departments.
 
It is also responsible for maintaining a contact with the outside world.
 
It provides direction and guidance.
 
The top management is also responsible towards the stockholders for the performance of the initiative.
 
Middle Level of Management
 
The branch managers and departmental managers constitute middle level. They are responsible to the top management for the operative of their department. They devote more time to directional and organizational functions. Their role can be highlighted as:
 
They execute the plans of the organization in accordance with the policies and directives of the top management.
 
They make plans for the sub-units of the organization.
 
They participate in training & employment of lower level management.
 
They understand and explain policies from top-level management to lower level.
 
They are also responsible for inspiring lower level managers towards better performance.
 
Lower Level of Management
 
Lower level is also known as operative/supervisory level of management. It contains of supervisors, superintendent section, officers etc.. Their activities include -
 
Assigning of jobs and tasks to various workers.
 
They instruct and guide workers for day-to-day activities.
 
They are responsible for the quality as well as quantity of production.
 
They are also entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining good relation in the organization.
 
They communicate workers problems, suggestions, and recommendatory appeals etc to the higher level and higher-level goals and objectives to the workers.
 
They help to solve the complaints of the workers.
 
(Nestle 2012)
 
Nestle System Methodology and Objectives
Nestle objectives are to be known as a world leader in Nutrition, Wellness, Health, trusted by all its stakeholders and to be referenced for financial performance in its industry. The company believes that it is not just about size, it is also about behavior; and they recognized that trust is earned only over a long period of time by systemically delivering on their promises. These objective and behaviors are summarizing in the simple phrase: "Good food, Good life", a phrase that sums up the company business aspiration.
 
The Nestle road map is intended the create alignment for workers behind the unified set of strategic priorities that will hasten the achievement of company objectives. These objective demands from workers a mixture of long-term motivation needed to build for the future and short-term business actions, delivering the necessary level of performance. The Nestle model is securing the progress today and ensuring success in future:
 
Achieving simplicity;
 
Investment of growth;
 
Scale benefits;
 
Driving performance
 
The Nestle road map includes three main parts:
 
Competitive advantages
 
Growth drivers
 
Operational pillars


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