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代写澳洲essay:社会企业是否会解决系统性贫困问题的探讨

时间:2018-05-17 08:30来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:cinq 点击:
本文是澳洲留学生essay范文,主要内容分析社会企业是否会解决系统性贫困问题,并且以开普敦作为研究对象分析该问题。
本文将从开普敦社会创业的角度来探讨社会企业和社会创业是否会解决系统性贫困问题。在抗击贫困的过程中,政府失灵的发生、市场失灵和贫困群体的弱化,使得社会企业和社会企业家的作用成为必要。全文共分为引言、讨论和结论三部分。
 
1.Introduction 简介
This paper will discuss whether the social enterprise and social entrepreneurship will address the issue of systemic poverty or not from the view of the Cape Town social entrepreneurship. In the process of fighting poverty, occurrence of government failure, market failure and weak power of the poverty group makes the role of social enterprise and social entrepreneurship to be necessary. There are totally three parts of the paper, which are introduction, discussion and conclusion. 
 
2.The discussion on the topic  话题讨论
2.1. The relationship between social enterprise and the issue of systemic poverty
The social enterprise is neither the traditional enterprise for economic profits nor the general social services. The social enterprises make profits to make contributions to the society through the commercial techniques. The social enterprises help the weak groups and promote the development of community with the profits earned . They pay more attentions to the social value rather than the maximum profits of the enterprises (Fotheringham & Saunders, 2014). The systemic poverty, as its name suggests, is the poverty mainly caused by the institutional arrangement of a region or a country. The social enterprise has an effect on solving the poverty of the society. Part of the poverty of the society is caused by systemic poverty. Therefore, it does have a relationship between the social enterprises and the issue of systemic poverty. 
 
2.2.View on whether social enterprise will address the issue of systemic poverty
2.2.1.Argument 
In my opinion, the social enterprise and social and social entrepreneurship will be much helpful for addressing the issue of systemic poverty. However, the social enterprise and social and social entrepreneurship cannot totally address the issue of systemic poverty. In the following, this argument will be made by the example of Cape Town and the current global social enterprise development. 
 
2.2.2.Actual examples and reasoning.
On the one hand, the social enterprise and social and social entrepreneurship will be much helpful for addressing the issue of systemic poverty. In the Cape Town, the poverty reduction is the important field to which the social enterprises pay attention. The effect of social enterprises could be analyzed from the aspects including the indirect and direct effect mechanisms.  
Directly, the social enterprises in Cape Town could reduce the poverty from the ways of donation, assistance, industrial development and so on (Swardt et al., 2005). For example, the social enterprises raise financing in the form of commercial activities and donate supplies for the poverty area, thus solving the problem of material shortage. Secondly, the human resource and technical assistance can also fill the gap of donating supplies. Owning to the shortage of human resource, advanced techniques, the social enterprise in Cape Town also provide talents to the poverty areas and technical or skill training for the local people. In addition, in the process of local social entrepreneurship reducing poverty, they also change the local pattern of life. Under the above ways, the poverty could be solved effectively. 
In directly, the social enterprise and social and social entrepreneurship could be much helpful for addressing the issue of system poverty in the following ways. First, there are a large number of poor people in poor areas as poor areas lack the industry to absorb labours. The social enterprises in poor areas could be able to make low skilled workers to return to work by the skill training or providing jobs. Second, the overall improvement of the region's economy will increase government revenues. So government investment in public services, poverty alleviation and metastatic pay will be increased. 
But, the social enterprise and social entrepreneurship cannot totally address the issue of systemic poverty. Unlike other kinds of poverty, the deepest reason leading to the system poverty is the unreasonable system. For example, the racial segregated system in the Cape Town before produced poverty in South Africa (Parnell & Mosdell, 2003). Under the system, even if the social enterprise and social entrepreneurship provide much help for reducing the poverty, the social enterprise and social entrepreneurship have to act under the limitation of the system (Theron & Graaff, 1987). Thus, the role of the social enterprise and social entrepreneurship is limited. Therefore, to address the issue of systemic poverty, it needs both the help of the social enterprise and social entrepreneurship and the improvement of unreasonable system. 
 
3.Conclusion 结论
This paper discusses whether the social enterprise and social entrepreneurship will address the issue of systemic poverty. In the author’s opinion, the social enterprise and social and social entrepreneurship will be much helpful for addressing the issue of systemic poverty. But it cannot totally address the issue of systemic poverty. It also needs the improvement of unreasonable system. 
 


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