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澳洲essay范文:Australia Becoming Involved In World War 1

时间:2021-08-06 09:36来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:cinq 点击:
澳洲essay怎么写?以下就是一篇简短的澳洲essay范文,主题是澳大利亚卷入第一次世界大战,通过各类历史文献,研究分析第一次世界大战是如何改变澳大利亚社会和经济等各方面,以及澳洲妇女在第一次世界大战中发挥了巨大作用。本文是一篇澳洲留学生History Essay范文,对于目前正在澳洲留学的学生来说一篇值得参考的留学生作业格式范文。
澳洲essay范文
澳洲essay范文
1914年10月,澳大利亚卷入了改变澳大利亚的第一次世界大战。澳大利亚的妇女除了照顾家庭外,还有更多的角色。他们得到了帮助服务国家的机会,他们还成立了帮助战争的组织。休斯允许妇女在征兵公投中投票。休斯向澳大利亚引入征兵制,称这是让更多军队参战的唯一途径。第一次世界大战也影响了澳大利亚的经济。物价大幅度上涨,各大城市因普通工人赶不上物价上涨而多次罢工降价。40多万人自愿参战。其中65%的人被杀、伤或俘虏,这一比例高于澳大利亚的其他盟国加拿大、英国和新西兰。澳大利亚于1901年成为一个国家,战后终于得到承认。
In October 1914, Australia became involved in World War 1 which changed Australia. The women in Australia had more roles besides taking care of the family. They were offered opportunities to help serve the country and they also founded organizations which helped with the war. Hughes allowed women to vote in the referendum for conscription. Hughes introduced conscription to Australia, saying it was the only way to get more troops to go to war. World War 1 also affected Australia’s economy. Prices were raised greatly and there were many strikes in major cities to lower the prices because ordinary classes workers couldn’t keep up with the raised prices. More than 400,000 men volunteered to go to war. 65% of them were either killed, wounded or captured which was higher than any other Australia’s allies, Canada, Britain and New Zealand. Australia became a nation in 1901 and was finally recognized after the war.
妇女在第一次世界大战中在国内前线发挥了巨大作用。他们管理自己的家庭,许多人成为护士和其他职责,这有助于军事服务。妇女成为厨师、担架手和翻译。战争使妇女在没有丈夫支持的情况下照顾家庭。妇女可以从事各种各样的工作,因为男子在战争中,妇女可以自愿为战争作出贡献。澳大利亚妇女服务团(AWSC)成立于1916年,有几名妇女加入。他们在前线执行不涉及战斗的任务。他们当过救护车司机、厨师和护士。妇女没有受到重视,国防部也不希望妇女参与战争,因为进入劳动大军的妇女是危险的,她们短期工作,因为男子会从战争中回来,这样她们就可以夺回自己的工作。有几个组织;其中一个是由总督夫人创建的,被命名为“英国红十字会澳大利亚分会”。她是俱乐部的主席,组织致力于获得捐款。人们不想任命护士,因为他们认为妇女跟不上战争的要求。第一次世界大战期间,澳大利亚陆军护理局允许妇女在海外提供帮助。他们为战争中的人们清洗伤口并提供援助。战争给了妇女一个为澳大利亚服务的机会,她们做慈善工作和筹款。澳大利亚红十字会成立于1914年,主要由中产阶级妇女组成。红十字会为士兵们募捐“慰问箱”。舒适的盒子里装着女士编织的袜子和围巾。妇女经历了战争带来的悲伤,妇女也反对战争,也反对实行征兵制。      
Women played huge roles in World War 1 at the home front. They managed their family and many became nurses and other duties which contributed to the military services. Women became cooks, stretcher bearers and interpreters. The war caused women to take care of their family without support from their husband. Women were open to a variety of jobs as the men were at the war and there were voluntary work for women to contribute to the war. The Australian Women’s Service Corps (AWSC) was formed in 1916 and several women joined. They performed tasks at the battle front that didn’t involve combat. They worked as ambulance drivers, cooks and nurses. Women weren’t taken seriously and the Defence Department didn’t want women to involve in the war as it was dangerous Women who entered the work force were working short-term as the men would come back from the war so they could take back their job. There were several organizations; one was created by the wife of the Governor-General, which was named the ‘Australian Branch of the British Red Cross Society’. She was the president of the club and the organization was focused on gaining donations. People didn’t want to appoint nurses as they thought women couldn’t keep up with the war’s demands. The Australian Army Nursing Service allowed women to help during World War 1 overseas. They cleaned wounds and provided aid to men in war. War gave women an opportunity to serve Australia and they did charity work and fundraising. The Australian Red Cross was founded in 1914 by mainly middle-class women. The Red Cross raised money for “comfort boxes” for the soldiers. Comfort boxes contain knitted socks and scarves which women knitted. Women experienced sadness from the war, women also campaigned against the war and also, against the introduction of conscription.
征兵制度迫使公民应征入伍。1916年,英国首相休斯(Hughes)推行征兵制,以征集更多的军队参加第一次世界大战。休斯之所以要推行征兵制,是因为他需要一支全副武装的军队。1915年,安德鲁·费舍尔辞去首相职务,由比利·休斯接任。他是一个坚定的战争领袖。有许多人不愿意加入,因为他们反对战斗。休斯需要5万名新兵,但自愿参军的人并不多,因此在1916年,休斯除了实行征兵制外,再也不知道如何招募更多的人。在澳大利亚民族主义者的海报中,它显示如果实行征兵制,那么一些孩子就会失去父亲。这显示了征兵对家庭的影响。资料来源3显示,一个孩子告诉他的母亲对征兵投反对票,因为这会影响到他们。休斯举行全民公决,支持他推行征兵制的想法。许多人同意他的想法,但更多的人同意不实行征兵制的想法。49%的人同意征兵,51%的人反对征兵。第二年,休斯想再举行一次全民公决,再次尝试实行征兵制,但这次,更多的人以更大的优势反对征兵制。有些妇女不赞成征兵。资料来源1显示了女性是如何不赞成的。标语上写着:“我养儿子不是为了当兵。”曼尼克斯大主教也不希望引入征兵制。他希望澳大利亚在战争中取得成功,在没有征兵的情况下实现和平。休斯总理举行了全国公投,允许妇女投票。”历史上第一次,女性的声音是直接谈论任何社区都可能面临的最大问题。“休斯征兵的理由是,这将影响澳大利亚的未来,而且,作为盟国的英国、新西兰和加拿大正在派遣更多的部队,所以澳大利亚也应该这样做。消息来源2要求澳大利亚人投票反对征兵。它将这次公投称为“死亡投票”,这表明如果选民选择“是”,那么他们将把投票权交给选民
Conscription is forcing citizens to enlist in joining the army. In 1916, the Prime Minister, Hughes introduced conscription to gather more troops to fight in World War 1. Hughes wanted to introduce Conscription because he needed to have an army with full strength. In 1915, Andrew Fisher resigned as the prime minister and the job was taken by Billy Hughes. He was a determined war leader. There were many men whom were unwilling to join as they opposed to fighting. Hughes wanted 50000 new troops but not many men volunteered so in 1916, Hughes knew no other method to recruit more men but to introduce Conscription. In the Australian Nationalists poster, it shows that if conscription is introduced, then some children would lose their father. This shows how conscription could affect families. Source 3 shows a child telling his mother to vote “No” for conscription as it will affect them. Hughes held a referendum to support his idea to introduce conscription. Many people agreed to his idea but a little more people agreed to the idea of not introducing conscription. 49% agreed to conscription and 51% opposed to conscription. The next year Hughes wanted to hold another referendum to, once again, try and introduce conscription but this time, more people opposed to conscription by a larger margin. Some women didn’t approve of conscription. Source 1 shows how women didn’t approve of it. The slogan saying, “I didn’t raise my son to become a soldier.” Archbishop Mannix also didn’t want conscription to be introduced. He hoped that Australia would be successful in the war and have peace without conscription. Prime Minister Hughes held the national referendum, allowing women to vote. “For the first time in history the voice of woman is to speak directly on the greatest question that can confront any community.” Hughes’s reasons for conscription was because it would affect the future of Australia and also, Britain, New Zealand and Canada, who are the allies, are sending more troops so Australia should do so as well. Source 2 is asking Australians to vote “No” to conscription. It called the referendum the “Death Ballot” which shows that if voters choose yes, then they are putting the men of Australia in danger and possible death.
World War 1 had a great effect on Australia’s economy. Australia had to cancel trade agreements with Germany and as a result, industries such as the steel making industry had to have contracts with German rivals. Wool, wheat and meat were made sure to be shipped to Britain to help them with the war. The government passed a law which allowed them to take wheat and wool harvests. There became shortages in the items and they were sold at a very high price in which ordinary classed workers couldn’t cope with and it lead to major strikes. Whole wool prices raised by 55% and in 1915, no wool was available to Britain from Russia. To solve the worker’s strikes, the commonwealth had war loans and peace loans. During the war, international shipping of materials and products were disrupted and the imports to Australia were reduced. Australia began to manufacture their own industry as a result of the disruption of imports to Australia. The war, though, removed competition because after the war ended, more than 400 new products were introduced to Australia.
There were several influences from World War 1 to the home front. Women became more involved in the nation and there were opportunities offered to women to help serve the nation. Jobs were given to women because the men were away and organizations were created by women to give aid to the men in the war. Conscription was introduced by Billy Hughes, the prime minister of Australia. It was because of lack of troops volunteering to fight for Australia. Two referendums were held to vote on whether to allow conscription and for both referendums, majority of Australia vote “No” on allowing conscription. It was also the first time women were allowed to vote. Finally, Australia’s economy was affected and the prices of items such as wool and meat raised by a large margin, leaving the ordinary classed workers unable to cope with the price rises. Workers had a strike which the government had to solve by loaning money off their allies. After the war, there were less competition though, and more than 400 new products were introduced to Australia.
从第一次世界大战开始,对国内前线产生了一些影响。妇女更多地参与国家事务,妇女有机会为国家服务。妇女得到工作是因为男人不在,妇女建立了一些组织来帮助战争中的男人。征兵制度是由澳大利亚总理比利休斯提出的。这是因为缺少志愿为澳大利亚而战的军队。举行了两次全民公决,就是否允许征兵进行投票,在这两次全民公决中,澳大利亚多数人对允许征兵投了反对票。这也是第一次允许妇女投票。最后,澳大利亚的经济受到影响,羊毛和肉类等物品的价格大幅上涨,使得普通工人无法应对价格上涨。工人们举行了罢工,政府不得不向他们的盟友借钱来解决罢工问题。战后,竞争减少了,400多种新产品被引进澳大利亚。

澳洲essay如上文中所展示的那样,虽然简短,但是逻辑清晰,内容全面。通过文献阅读,分析总结澳洲从第一次世界大战开始,对国内前线产生了一些影响。本站提供多国留学生essay写作指导服务,如有需要可咨询本平台。


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