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有关聘用关系的Coursework

时间:2016-09-22 15:25来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:留学生作业 点击:

有关聘用关系的Coursework ——The Employment Relationship

每一个企业艺术收藏都有其存在的理由。有小型和大公司的艺术收藏。有些人有着悠久的历史,而其他人则是最近的举措。艺术品收藏有大或小的预算,因此有不同程度的自由来获得作品的艺术。

我们发现四个公司艺术藏品,愿意协助这次调查。在这一章中,我们将描述说四:Achmea、DSM,德Nederlandsche银行和SD Worx。对于其中的每一个,我们问下列问题:什么是自然和扩展公司的艺术收藏,只有可见的员工的公司本身还是对公众开放,它存在多长时间了,公司声誉的信息和许多其他的事情将在本章中介绍。所有这些元素定义,直接或间接地,总体管理和战略的公司。这也将反映在公司目标、结构和文化,也确定每个公司艺术收藏的性质(如第五章中我们将看到)。在描述四个不同公司艺术收藏一个接一个,它们之间的差异和相似之处会变得清晰。第六章是完全致力于这些差异和相似之处,我们将深入讨论每个在第六章的相似与相异。

该公司Achmea成立于1995年,作为一个人寿保险公司联盟,一般保险、医疗、银行和投资。直到2005年,每个公司都有自己的公司艺术收藏,因此成了自己的个人艺术政策。2005年之后,Achmea发达中央艺术收藏政策,这是一个责任的Achmea Facilitair Bedrijf。第一步是做一个盘点所有的艺术,从那时起,美国开始发展一个连贯的艺术收藏Achmea政策。

Every corporate art collection has its' own reason for existence. There are both small and big company art collections. Some have a long history whilst others are recent initiatives. Company art collections have either large or small budgets, thus there are varying degrees of freedom to acquire works of art.

We found four company art collections that were willing to help with this investigation. In this chapter, we will describe the said four: Achmea, DSM, De Nederlandsche Bank and SD Worx. For each, we asked the following questions: what is the nature and extend of the company art collection, is the collection only visible to employees of the company itself or is it open for the public, how long has it been in existence, information about the reputation of the company and many other things will be covered in this chapter. All these elements define, both directly and indirectly, the overall management and strategy of the subject companies. This will also be reflected in the company goals, structure and culture and also determine the nature of each company art collection (as we will see in chapter V). In describing the four different company art collections one after another, the differences and similarities between them will become clear. Chapter VI is entirely dedicated to these variations and parallels and we will discuss in-depth both the similarities and dissimilarities of each in chapter VI.

Achmea

The company Achmea was founded in 1995 as an alliance of companies in life insurance, general insurance, healthcare, banking and investment. Until 2005, every company had its own company art collection and thus their own individual art policy. After 2005, Achmea developed a central art collection policy, this being one of the responsibilities of Achmea Facilitair Bedrijf. The first step was to do a stock-take of all the art, from then onwards, the department started to develop a coherent art collection policy for Achmea. The focus of the collection is on contemporary international art, with the emphasis on after-war Dutch works. The works are required to contain one of the three essences that are essential for the company: imagination, innovation or realisation. As Achmea is an alliance of different companies, with each having its own office, the art is spread out over seven different locations. The purpose in the first place is to decorate the spaces, especially the representative common rooms. The art is visible for all employees, and also the visitors of the company. The Achmea Kunstcollectie has approximately 1000 pieces in all disciplines. Only in the head office in Tilburg is it possible to have guided tours; restricted for adults, due to the places where the art is exposed. Children would be considered disruptive to the working environment. The average tour is restricted to once every three weeks. The art itself is circulated between the seven different places, thus every room acquires a new appearance, every so often without the necessity of employing an interior designer. The person responsible for overseeing the changes to the works of art and is also in charge of buying new pieces. In this way, art gives a topic for conversation; it is part of the company. The art collection has its own website. One finds information about the collection as a whole and the individual pieces too. The website is accessible to everybody; no password is required. Sometimes Achmea holds an auction for its' employees to purchase works from their collection; however, only graphic works are offered for sale. Achmea is extremely open in its' communications. It has no exhibition room, but this can change at short notice. A new office is currently being built in Leiden, the opening due in mid 2011. This building will also have an exhibition space where exhibitions can be held showing the Achmea Kunstcollectie as well as loaned art. At the moment, there is no catalogue or folder concerning the company art collection. The reason for this is that the collection is seen as pure decoration. With an exhibition room in the near future, this will be probably result in such a folder being produced. Achmea stands for innovation. That's why they want to do something with the new technologies. Achmea thinks on kind of iPhone application for the entire art collection.

Interpolis, part of Achmea, sponsors different cultural activities: Stichting Fundament (Triënnale Lustwarande), the Rijksakademie in Amsterdam and Museum Beelden aan Zee in Scheveningen.

荷兰中央银行——De Nederlandsche Bank


De Nederlandsche Bank's art collection has its' roots in the early twentieth century. At the start, art was acquired to decorate the rooms of executive directors and the other representative spaces. In 1982, the Governing Board decided to give the expansion of the bank's art collection a more structural character. The art collection is located in the head office in Amsterdam, and counts approximately 1200 pieces of painting, sculpture, glass, ceramics, photographs and graphics. An art committee was installed, consisting of employees, and was given a mandate to follow De Nederlandsche Banks art policy on a predefined budget. The purchasing policy is to acquire art by emerging and talented artists from the Netherlands and international countries. The art is employed to give functional enhancement to the building, but also to create a pleasant working space. At the same time, the collection serves to make known to employees the collection of modern and contemporary art. The company intranet permits every employee to choose works from the collection. They can borrow the art work for a maximum period of three years, and give it a place in their office. After this period, the loaned work comes back on the intranet and another employee gets the chance to choose this work for his or her office.

The regularly exhibitions are held in its gallery rooms. By inviting young Dutch talent in this way, the company helps promote current Dutch art. Guided tours are on request. At the start of every year the art committee accounts for its purchasing policy with an exhibition of recent acquisitions. Art lovers on a mailing list are kept informed of the exhibitions at De Nederlandsche Bank on a regular basis.

De Nederlandsche Banks collection policy is formed by different objectives. The main objective is to provide a functional enhancement to the building, spread out a positive atmosphere and stimulate employees' creativity. At the same time, art invites contemplation and reflection. In addition to pursuing internal objectives, the collection also functions in the sphere of social and environmental corporate responsibility, with sustainability and quality as driving principles.

De Nederlandsche Bank does no cultural sponsoring at all. However, they allow loans of the works of art to museums for exhibitions.


设计标准手册——DSM


DSM is the former state-held coal company, which the Dutch government founded in 1902. When the production of coal was ended in early 1973 and the company developed into one of the world's leading chemical companies, DSM was chosen as the new name, inspired by the English version of the old name (Dutch State Mines).

The basis for the DSM Art Collection goes back to 1952 when, for the fiftieth anniversary of the company, the Organisation of City Councils in Limburg set aside a sum of money to acquire art. Since 1952, when an acquisition committee was set up, DSM as appropriated spends an annual budget for acquisitions.

The DSM Art Collection consists of more than 2000 works in the disciplines of painting, sculpture, photography, glass, ceramics and design. Initially, the emphasis was on art from the province of Limburg, but since 2004 the collection has been expanded with art by other Dutch and international artists. The collection is built around the three themes that are very important for the company: mankind, nature and science and technology. Once a year, special attention is given to an internationally renowned artist from a country in which DSM is active.

The art collection is located in the head office in Heerlen and the office in Sittard. Its primary purpose is to make the working environment more enjoyable, to decorate the office buildings and enhance the representative quality of such. Secondly, to introduce employees to contemporary art and stimulate their interest in this area. The art collection contributes to DSM's image and corporate identity. At the head office in Heerlen DSM organised seven exhibitions a year, at the office in Sittard five or six exhibitions a year, all exhibitions including flyers. These exhibitions feature a variety of contemporary art. Part of the DSM art collection is exhibited in the Heerlen and Sittard offices, open to employees during the office hours and for the public on weekdays between 6 and 9 PM. In 2002, a book about the art collection was published: DSM Art Collection.



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