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代写英国tempaper-人类与环境之间的隔阂

时间:2015-10-17 09:57来源:www.ukassignment.org/ 作者:留学作业网 点击:
简介
 
每一件事都有一个平衡点,但是随着世界朝下一个层次发展,人与环境之间的差距也在不断扩大,人们为此动用了大多数的部门。在不断朝一个更发达的世界发展的过程中,将需要更多的能源和财富,这导致出现了一个严重的问题-材料/能源的短缺,这意味着随着时间的推移,能源的需求也逐日,逐年增加,煤的数量越来越少,同时,更多的污染不断产生。由于二氧化碳的大量排放和人类不断地砍伐森林,大气的温度迅速上升,仅管世界各地都希望阻止它的上升,但收效甚微。所有这些因素,导致全球变暖(温室效应)。我们都知道后果,但却没有为解决这种可怕的局面而做出多少努力。地球的命运掌握在我们手中,时间不断流逝,如果我们还不行动起来将造成无法逆转的后果。
 
分析
 
为全球变暖而设计的可持续性方案
 
在现代世界
 
随着人类人口扩展到自然所属区域,土地与土地所有权的关系成为冲突的根源。其结果是,不同的领域产生的二氧化碳的量显着增加,因为植物吸收这些气体的速度太慢,这些存在的气体会在大气中循环,无法逃脱。灾害的增加,如龙卷风和干旱。随着皮肤癌的发生几率增加,在不同的国家气温变化大,南极和北极的冰雪融化问题等等。在南北极,我们的大部分土地最终会被完全淹没在水中,许多生命将面临危险。
 
Gap between people and the environment
 
简介-Introduction
 
Everything has a balance, but as the world is evolving towards the next level, the gap between people and the environment has widened, which people took the most of the sector. As the process of developing to a more developed world gains momentum, it will require more energy and wealth, in which this is leading the world to a serious problem - lack of materials/energy, meaning as time goes by, and the demand for energy is increasing everyday, every year, the amount of coal is getting lesser, and at the same time, more pollution is being produced. The temperature of the atmosphere is rising rapidly, due to the large amounts of carbon dioxide being produced, and the continuation of deforestation despite worldwide pleas to stop it. All these factors, lead to global warming (green house effect). We all know about these consequences, but very little effort is being put in to resolve this dire situation. We have the fate of planet earth in our hands, and time is running out before our actions are irreversible.
 
分析-Analysis 
 
Sustainability design-solution for global warming
 
In The Modern World-Today
 
As human population expands into the natural landscape, the relationship between the land and ownership of it becomes a source of conflict. As a result, the amount of carbon dioxide produced from different areas has increased significantly, since the speed that the plants absorbs these gases are way too slow, and these existed gases will be circulating within the atmosphere, unable to escape. Changes in climate, increase of natural disasters, such as tornados and droughts. Increased chances of getting skin cancer, large changes in temperature in different countries, the melting problems in South Pole and North Pole, etc. With the melting problems surfacing the north and South Pole, majority of our lands will eventually be fully submerged in water, disrupting the lives of many. As the situation begins to get worst, the more it will affect the ecosystem, as animals start to migrate to avoid the large changes in temperature, and more animals are facing extinction, polar bears, penguins, etc. 
 
However, people have started to pay more attention to it, and they have come out with the solution to maintain balance and to reduce the damage done to the environment - sustainability. It might not be the best solution in such a short time, but the results will eventually show in the future. The definition of sustainability can be complex in theory, but we can take it as the capacity of our endurance. How does this actually solve the problem? Using lesser harmful material, recycling them and using renewable energy, such as solar, hydroelectric and etc. Producing things that can last the test of time and also require less energy. That means, lesser things will be thrown away, and at the same time, it reduces the damage done to the environment.             
 
In The Design Field
 
These environment issues have brought sustainable solutions into the design field, since people are now more concerned about it, and most of the power plants generate electricity to operate buildings. Therefore, designers know that buildings can be designed to operate with less than half of the energy today's average building at little or no additional cost. This means that lesser carbon dioxide will be produced.
 
In any endeavor, good design resides in two principles. First, the changes the least number of elements to achieve the greatest result. Second, it removes stress from a system rather than adding it”
 
Pail Hawkin, the ecology of commerce.
 
(source: Williams, Daniel E, [2007], Sustainable design Ecology Architecture and planning, John Wiley & Sons Inc, Hoboken, New Jersey…..p. 55)
 
Sustainable design refers to solutions that are not only environmentally, but also, economically, and socially friendly. The combination of natural energy and functions of the design make it something that endures and is cherished. Sustainable design adds to the quality of the environment, to clean air, to water, to renewing and protecting life - all by designing the connections to what is there. Designing is the linkage and a language that connects humans to the environment. Good design will enhance value to the relation, and on the other hand, bad design, brings nothing but damage.  
 
案例研究-Case Studies
 
Konami Nasu Seminar House
 
Kiyoshi SAKURAI, Teruo YOKOTA, Fumio NOHARA, Hiroshi KUROKI
 
This seminar house is located on a mid-slope of Mount Nasu where everyone can enjoy the beautiful sceneries of sunrise and sunset among the surrounding mountains. And by half-embedding the building along the undulation of the ground, the design succeeded in conserving the surrounding context and at the same time offering amazing views from all the rooms arranged on the south slope. The glazed corridor with top lights connecting to all different rooms and organically is indeed acting here as a ‘corridor' for people as well as light and wind. It also minimized the fossil fuel consumption by fully utilizing natural ventilation, natural lighting, stored energy, and solar heating. A ‘human' place that connects the ‘sky' and ‘earth' is created here where the user can sense the earth‘s silent power.
 
More to the detail, the seminar house, located halfway up the Nasu range, was designed in a way that responds with the surrounding environment. The lounge, restaurant and other public spaces are located on the second floor of the west façade. Glass walls were used in these areas, which give a impressive views of the Nasu peaks. The training department and playrooms are located on the floor below. Guestrooms, bath and toilet facilities and other private areas are planned in the east wing, on the first and second floors. The guest quarters are deliberately positioned at ground level along the south wall to provide an expansive view of the foothills of the Nasu highlands. The water supply for bathrooms in the residential wing is heated by the solar power using vacuum tube type heat collectors. The sun also provides heat for other grey water uses. The solar power reduces the usage of the energy used by 46%.
 
The way of the façade and air ventilation were designed and planned, was the way I am looking for which can be applied into the design, engaging with the environment by playing with the reflection and different placement of the spaces to get the best effect of the energy saving, without demolished the context of the environment.  
 
Orquideorama
 
Plan B architects + JPRCR Architects
 
The Orquideorama is located inside the Medellin Botanical Garden, which shows an expanding wooden meshwork of modular “flower-tree” forms that branches out through the central of the garden. After the designers had study on the structure and the scale of this project, from the micro and macro views of it. The Architects Felipe Mesa and lexander Bernal, came out the idea of making the Orquideorama to “grow” and “evolve” just like a plant does. Hence, they used one “flor-árbol” (meaning a “tree-like” plant with thick woody stems) to connect with each other, with the total of 14 pieces in 1. Which lead them to construct the installation of this “flor-árbol” structure into an interlocking series, beside that they also planned them in a variety in functions, including the flower gardens, butterfly reserves and event hall. Fittingly, this repetitious kind of cellular weave forms, they got this inspiration from the honeycomb.


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