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英国留学生termpaper代写|为什么“我是歌手”这么受欢迎?(4)

时间:2016-12-22 08:57来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:cinq 点击:
GEM Tang, one of the worlds top stars in her own mind, has seen a lot of negative news in recent years. Last year In November, when a press conference was held in Hong Kong, the manager of the company
 
GEM Tang, one of the “world's top stars” in her own mind, has seen a lot of negative news in recent years. Last year In November, when a press conference was held in Hong Kong, the manager of the company forced the media to ask questions with microphones, and if they did not agree to the arrangement, they would immediately cancel their visit.
 
GEM returned to her “hometown” - Hong Kong. Her concert “GEM XXX Live Hong Kong concert”, held at the Hong Kong Coliseum. The “international class” also upgraded. Breaking the Hong Kong singers’ convention, follow the foreign singers’ concert’s convention, only photojournalists can get inside the concert. There are no seats to sit; only 30 minutes of “valuable” opening of shooting time, then leave immediately. No visit is allowed on the wake field. GEM's manager explained that the reason for rejecting this reporter's interview is too much negative news broke out earlier, so GEM is very resistant to Hong Kong journalists. “I would like to clarify when I want to be interviewed.” Although the organizers have strongly opposed it, GEM is still bent on doing so. The media before the show begin, want to interview at the off-site parking.  They were repeatedly obstructed by the scene security. The notice in the site said “The audience are no admission with external light stick” Obviously, only allow the audience to buy the official sale of shiny hand strap. It is quite overbearing.
 
GEM’s concert tickets also achieve to “international class”. The VIP tickets are up to $1,880 Hong Kong dollars. Not only over the super singer-class, but also more than American singer Lady GaGa’s tickets price when she came to Hong Kong with the most expensive 1,280 Hong Kong dollars per ticket.
 
Bore (2010) and Kuipers (2006) point out that the three decoding positions of Hall's audience should not be static, they are constantly changing based on changes in the transmission process of television discourse, as well as changes in the environment and conditions of coders and decoders. The transmission of television discourse is not ended after information is transmitted from coders to decoders, it is a cyclical process. Therefore, for a steady flow of television discourse, the decoding position of a decoder is also adjusted and changed. As changes in the decoding position of Hong Kong audience for GEM’s performance in the program named “I am a singer”,  in the beginning of the program, for the recognition of Hong Kong culture, they supported and liked GEM, but GEM's style of singing in the program, as well as her news off-site, such as refusing interview of  Hong Kong media badly  affected Hong Kong audience’s impression on GEM. Therefore, their decoding position towards GEM’s performance in the program changed from a negotiating position into a confrontational position. It indicates that audience in decoding process is not passive, but positive, they will adjust their decoding position in accordance with external situation at any time.
 
One case that has greatest impact on her was in 2014. GEM participated in mainland talent show “I am a singer 2” is booming and has become the “International G.E.M.”, “universe G.E.M.”. Her development of career mainly focused in the mainland. Hong Kong “netizens” think she is a forgetting, has no gratitude singer which makes her feeling even worse. In the period of “Umbrella Revolution”, she took ambiguous attitudes. A slogan “共狗棋” appeared in occupied area. “Hong Kong-mainland contradictions” happened.
 
Bore (2010) and Kuipers (2006) point out that the three decoding positions of Hall's audience should not be static, they are constantly changing based on changes in the transmission process of television discourse, as well as changes in the environment and conditions of coders and decoders. The transmission of television discourse is not ended after information is transmitted from coders to decoders, it is a cyclical process. Therefore, for a steady flow of television discourse, the decoding position of a decoder is also adjusted and changed. As changes in the decoding position of Hong Kong audience for GEM’s performance in the program named “I am a singer”,  in the beginning of the program, for the recognition of Hong Kong culture, they supported and liked GEM, but GEM's style of singing in the program, as well as her news off-site, such as refusing interview of  Hong Kong media badly  affected Hong Kong audience’s impression on GEM. Therefore, their decoding position towards GEM’s performance in the program changed from a negotiating position into a confrontational position. It indicates that audience in decoding process is not passive, but positive, they will adjust their decoding position in accordance with external situation at any time.
 
The above discussed is from the angle of audience to analyze why Hong Kong audience negatively decode GEM’s performance, but it is worth noting that the negative decoding of Hong Kong audience’s has deeper reasons.
 
Hall’s (1980) “Theory of Articulation” believes that considering two different transactions, because of their homogeneity in some way, at the same time, in a certain external conditions, when the two different transactions articulate with each other, and this kind of articulation is not invariable but necessarily exists, this articulation is affected by the external environment. “Theory of Articulation” is a significant contribution in the field of cultural transmission, it provides a broader perspective to explain cultural transmission. 
 
Taking GEM as an example, before she participated in the program “I am a singer”, actually, her singing style was  a shouting style, and she has the title of a “iron lung singer’, but Hong Kong fans did not hate her at that time. In the show of “I'm a singer”, Hong Kong fans linked her singing style with making up to fans in mainland China, because in Chinese mainland, when they were singing patriotic songs, they liked to use this kind of shouting style, and this kind of songs were often thought as songs used for brainwashing by people in Hong Kong. 
 
Hong Kong fans combined GEM’s way of singing with singing style of brainwashed songs, so they expressed dissatisfaction with GEM. Then why Hong Kong fans decoded GEM’s performance before and after participating in “I am a singer” differently, Hall’s (1980) “Theory of Articulation” explains that the reason lies in the influence by conflicts between Hong Kong and Chinese mainland in political, cultural identity, values and other aspects. The existence of the conflicts led to that the fans in Hong Kong have negative decoding for GEM’s singing way, of course. In future, if the conflicts can disappear, so Hong Kong fans’ negative decoding for GEM may become positive. In the following content, it is from politics, cultural identity, values to analyze the conflicts between Hong Kong and Chinese mainland.
 
4.2 Political atmosphere in Hong Kong 
Hong Kong Federation of Students (HKFS), joined with 25 tertiary institutions in Hong Kong, started a one-week student strike on September 22, demanding the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) withdraw its framework for Hong Kong's political reform. The HKFS said it had a historic participation of 13,000 people. They vowed that this strike is only the first wave of a series of uncooperative movements in Hong Kong's civil society. Students of the strike will be relocated to the Admiralty and will surround the Chief Executive's Office before the Executive Council meeting. They will hold a direct dialogue with Chief Executive CY Leung. 
 
Most of the participating students responded to the appeal of HKFS, wearing a white top with yellow ribbon to attend this assembly. The backboard of the venue was written with the words “Democracy Now”, and the banner of “anti-colonial and anti-screening of Hong Kong people's way” was hung on the left and right.
 
Judging from the above news, the political atmosphere between Hong Kong and mainland China is not very harmonious. On the one hand, from the perspective of universal values, the political demands of Hong Kong citizens are reasonable. Pursuing freedom, democracy and the rule of law has been Hong Kong people's consensus, they have also held a number of large-scale social rallies and demonstrations, the people's appeal is growing (Lee, Chen and Chan, 2016). On the other hand, with the strengthening of China's comprehensive national strength, its economic, political, military control towards Hong Kong is also improving, it is the use of this power to suppress Hong Kong people's democratic aspirations (Lee, Chen and Chan, 2016). The result is that the public in Hong Kong is increasingly dissatisfied with the Chinese government and the Hong Kong government. Political dissatisfaction will inevitably affect the public's dissatisfaction with many matters related to mainland China, such as entertainment, culture, sports and so on. As a result, when Hong Kong viewers watch TV, they are more likely to adopt a coordinated approach to people or those who can embody Hong Kong's cultural identity and values while, while taking an oppositional position towards those who embody the cultural identity and values of mainland China.


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