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美国留学申请essay写作技巧(附范文)

时间:2018-10-12 16:55来源:未知 作者:quanlei_cai 点击:
Essay究竟有多重要呢?很多留学生都说:他无时不刻不在伴随着你,即使你申请失败,也会体验下。这里说的体验,就是指申请essay。基本上申请美国所有的高校都需要写essay,少则一篇,多则3-4篇。这些essay在招生官眼里分量十足,甚至会是决定成败的关键。下面小编给大家分析下什么是申请essay,已经如何写申请essay,最后选择了一篇优秀范文供大家参考。 【什么是Essay ?】 简单的说,Essay就是根据学校的题目要求,完成一篇命题作文。 比如,JHU的金融专业要求学生写一篇Essay。 Business leaders have the ability to create opportunities, build products and systems, and inspire others to
Essay究竟有多重要呢?很多留学生都说:他无时不刻不在伴随着你,即使你申请失败,也会体验下。这里说的体验,就是指申请essay。基本上申请美国所有的高校都需要写essay,少则一篇,多则3-4篇。这些essay在招生官眼里分量十足,甚至会是决定成败的关键。下面小编给大家分析下什么是申请essay,已经如何写申请essay,最后选择了一篇优秀范文供大家参考。

【什么是Essay ?】
简单的说,Essay就是根据学校的题目要求,完成一篇命题作文。
比如,JHU的金融专业要求学生写一篇Essay。
Business leaders have the ability to create opportunities, build products and systems, and inspire others to action. Please describe a time you created an opportunity, built a new product or system, or inspired others to act. The example you provide and elaborate upon may come from your professional endeavors, academic pursuits or civic engagements. (500 word maximum)
再比如,波士顿学院的会计专业要求学生写两篇Essay。
Essay 1: Please discuss how you plan to achieve your short and long term career goals. What challenges will you face and how will you leverage your academic and professional experiences to achieve these goals? (500 words, 12 point font, double-spaced)。
Essay 2: Please indicate your reasons for applying to the Carroll School of Management. What unique characteristics of the Boston College MBA, MSA or MSF program resonate with you both personally and professionally? (500 words, 12 point font, double-spaced)
另外,哥大的MBA要求三个Essay。
Essay 1: Through your resume and recommendations, we have a clear sense of your professional path to date. What are your career goals going forward, and how will the Columbia MBA help you achieve them? (Maximum 500 words)
Essay 2: Columbia Business School’s location enables us to bridge theory and practice in multiple ways: through Master Classes, internships, the New York Immersion Seminars, and, most importantly, through a combination of distinguished research faculty and accomplished practitioners. How will you take advantage of being “at the very center of business”? (Maximum 250 words)
Essay 3: CBS Matter, a key element of the School’s culture, allows the people in your Cluster to learn more about you on a personal level. What will your Clustermates be pleasantly surprised to learn about you? (Maximum 250 words)
学校要求的Essay这么多,好难写啊,为什么要写这么多Essay呢,不能一篇ps搞定吗?学校要求Essay的目的其实很清楚,他们想要了解你更多,借此判断你是否适合他们项目。比如通过你分享的领导力活动,他们可以判断你是不是他们看中的未来领导者,与他们培养的领导者是不是一致的。因为有些学校亲睐的是创新型领导者,有些是亲睐成熟的领导者,更有些亲睐的是目前领导经历不多,但可塑性很强的未来领导者。明白了学校要求写Essay的目的,相信大家在写作的时候会更加得心应手。
 
【如何准备Essay ?】
1. Essay应该是通俗易懂的
经常会看到一些Essays读起来很晦涩,懂行的人看起来都很吃力,不懂行的人更是一头雾水。其实,在写Essay的时候,内容本身的高深没有错,可是文字的高深就不对了,你要尽可能让你的Essay读起来通俗易懂,因为你并不确定是谁在阅读你的Essay,这些人到底有多懂你的行业。
因此在完成一篇Essay初稿后,找你的外行朋友看下她是不是明白你在讲什么,确定这篇Essay通俗易懂后,再去润色修改。
2. Essay中一定不要简单的叙述事件本身,一定要注意升华文章高度
同学们在抓耳挠腮想尽各种办法纠结并double check你的Essay中语法是不是有问题,个别单词是不是用的到位的时候,不妨多思考内容的深度和广度吧。因为学校花费在每篇Essay上的时间不会很长,他们没有时间去核实你的语法是不是有一个小错误,你的这个用词是不是够地道,他们想看到的是你做了哪些事情,通过这些事情你的思想到达了什么样的高度。
因此,通过看这件事你是否清楚的表达出来了,他们完全可以看出来你的表达能力和逻辑思维能力如何。切记,一个头脑清楚的行动者一定不要丢了西瓜,捡芝麻。
3.Show,don’t tell
怎么样自我判断一个文章是真正的好文章?建议同学们在写完后,把文章中所有的形容词和修饰语去掉,单纯的看文章的内容,如果这个时候,你仍然觉得这篇Essay完美的阐述了你做的事以及你的想法,那这就是很不错的Essay。
另外,想要提醒的一点是:慎用形容词!因为,所有的形容词都很模糊。比如说,She is very intelligent,倒不如She completed the task in one third the time it took people with twice her experience来的痛快。
4.永远不要贬低自己
过分高调吹嘘自己断不可取,但自我贬低就是在自毁前程。比如,在why MSF时,常见到的写法就是I am not good at ***,或者 I lack insights of ** industry等。当然,我们确实是因为有不足,我们才去读硕士或者博士的。可是,用积极的方式,仍然可以达到你想表达同样的意思。比如:My work experiences have built a solid foundation for my career goal. However, to achieve my ** goal, I need to ** 就彻底的换了一个视角。
再比如,学生在高考失利后,没有考入自己心仪的大学,内心很自卑,总觉得跟其他申请者比没有任何优势,会在Essay中提到自己那段时间的灰暗生活,以此衬托大学时间里如何去努力的。这样的想法没有问题,但是在写作中要注意,一定不能花很大篇幅去描写当时的心情,重点应该在你大学期间是如何去努力的,至于你的高考失利,你的灰暗心情可以一两句话带过即可。
建议大家在写完了所有的文章后,在校对的时候查看下是不是每句话都是从积极角度来写的,有没有在文章中出现过自我贬低的句子。
 
【Essay范文】
原作者成功申请了哈佛大学。
My grandmother hovers over the stove flame, fanning it as she melodically hums Kikuyu spirituals. She kneads the dough and places it on the stove, her veins throbbing with every movement: a living masterpiece painted by a life of poverty and motherhood. The air becomes thick with smoke and I am soon forced out of the walls of the mud-brick house while she laughs.
As for me, I wander down to the small stream at the ridge on the farm’s edge, remembering my father’s stories of rising up early to feed the cows and my mother’s memories of the sweat on her brow from hours of picking coffee at a local plantation.
Life here juxtaposes itself profoundly against the life I live in America; the scourge of poverty and flickering prosperity that never seem to coalesce. But these are the two worlds I have inherited, and my existence in one is not possible without the other. At the stream, I recollect my other life beyond this place. In America, I watch my father come home every night, beaten yet resilient from another day of hard work on the road. He sits me and my sister down, and though weary-eyed, he manages the soft smile I know him for and asks about our day.
My sister is quick to oblige, speaking wildly of learning and mischief. In that moment, I realize that she is too young to remember our original home: the old dust of barren apartment walls and the constant roar outside of life in the nighttime.
Soon after, I find myself lying in bed, my thoughts and the soft throb of my head the only audible things in the room. I ponder whether my parents — dregs floating across a diasporic sea before my time — would have imagined their sacrifices for us would come with sharp pains in their backs and newfound worries, tear-soaked nights and early mornings. But, it is too much to process. Instead, I dream of them and the future I will build with the tools they have given me.
Realizing I have mused far too long by the water’s edge, I begin to make my way back to the house. The climb up the ridge is taxing, so I carefully grip the soil beneath me, feeling its warmth surge between my fingers. Finally, I see my younger cousins running around barefoot endlessly and I decide to join their game of soccer, but they all laugh at the awkwardness of the ball between my feet. They play, scream and chant, fully unaware of the world beyond this village or even Nairobi, but I cannot blame them. My iPhone fascinates them and they ask to see my braces, intently questioning how many “shillings” they cost. I open my mouth to satisfy their curiosity, but my grandmother calls out, and we all rush to see what she has made.
When I return, the chapatis are neatly stacked on one another, golden-brown disks of sweet bread that are the completion of every Kenyan meal. Before my grandmother can ridicule me in a torrent of Kikuyu, I grab a chapati and escape to find a patch of silky grass, where I take my first bite. Each mouthful is a reminder that my time here will not last forever, and that my success or failure will become a defining example for my sister and relatives.
The rift between high school and college is wide, but it is one I must cross for those who have carried me to this point. The same hope that carried my parents over an ocean of uncertainty is now my fuel for the journey toward my future, and I go forward with the radical idea that I, too, can make it. Savoring each bite, I listen to the sound of neighbors calling out and children chasing a dog ridden with fleas, letting the cool heat cling to my skin.



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