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荷兰留学生管理专业英语硕士毕业论文范文参考-stratages of electricity power industr

时间:2013-02-28 21:10来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:stan 点击:
荷兰留学生管理专业英语硕士毕业论文范文参考-stratages of electricity power industries to reduce air polution emissions in Wuhan In recent years, China has made a series of policies, including the development of renewable energy an
荷兰留学生管理专业英语硕士毕业论文范文参考-stratages of electricity power industries to reduce air polution emissions in Wuhan
 
 
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论文题目:stratages of electricity power industries to reduce air polution emissions in Wuhan
论文语言:中文论文 Chinese
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论文专业:管理
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学校国家:荷兰
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论文用于:Master Dissertation 硕士毕业论文
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随着中国国民经济的快速发展,环境也面临着前所未有的挑战。如何确保社会的可持续发展,在第十一个五年计划提出了在这一时期实现单位国内生产总值的20%左右,降低能源消耗,减少10%的节能减排目标,主要污染物排放总量的增长,这是面临环境恶化的现实危机的决定。电力工业作为能源消耗和污染的主要行业,当然,面临着巨大的环境压力,转换效率和质量的污染控制都具有对资源和环境的重要影响,在节能减排的有效性是节能降耗和污染减排目标直接相关。和绿色电力工业的实现无疑需要国家的法规和政策的支持。近年来,中国制定了一系列政策,包括可再生能源的发展,所以对电力规划政策,电力产业政策,节能调度等电力运行政策,燃煤电厂,二氧化硫减排政策,差别电价政策等,这些措施在很大度,有效地促进节能减排的进展,取得了优异的成绩
 
 
作者作为武汉当地电力公司的一员,有目的地选择的主题为研究范围。作者希望利用政策的执行过程中的相关理论来研究如何贯彻国家政策在地方电力企业节能减排”,执行的效果是什么,从而总结得失,在政策执行过程中的电力企业的成功或失败,因为该政策的有效执行提供参考。
 
 
Chapter 1\Introduction
Background
With the rapid development of China's national economy, the environment also faces unprecedented challenges. How to ensure the sustainable development of society, in the eleventh five-year plan it has been put forward in this period to realize unit GDP reduces energy consumption by 20% or so, 10% reduction in emissions of selected pollutants for energy conservation and emission reduction goals, this is decided by the reality crisis facing growing environmental degradation. The electric power industry as the main industry of energy consumption and pollution, of course faces huge environmental pressure, the conversion efficiency and the quality of the pollution control all have an important impact on the resources and environment, the effectiveness in energy conservation and emission reduction is directly related to energy consumption and pollution reduction targets. And the realization of the green power industry will undoubtedly need the support of the regulations and policies of the state. In recent years, China has made a series of policies, including the development of renewable energy and so on electric power planning policy, electric power industry policy, energy-efficient scheduling etc of electric power operation policy, coal-fired power plants, sulfur dioxide emission reduction policy, difference electricity price policy and so on, these measures in the very great degree effectively promote the progress of energy conservation and emission reduction, made outstanding achievements
 
 
Problem statement
As the state-owned important backbone enterprises which decide national energy safety and economic lifeline, the national power grid company and its subordinate local electric power companies have the very important economic responsibility, the political responsibility and social responsibility. Especially its liable for political responsibility and social responsibility, reflected many management behaviors, are in fact the concrete execution concerning state policies. 
 
 
Research objectives
The author as a member of Wuhan local power company, aims to choose the subject as the research scope. The author wants to use the process of policy implementation related theory to study how to carry out the national policy "energy conservation and emission reduction" in local electric power enterprises, what are the effects of execution, so as to summarize the gain and loss, success or failure in electric power enterprises in the policy implementation process, provide a reference for more effective execution of the policy.
 
 
Provisional research questions
-What is the present situation of wuhan electric power industry emissions?
-What are the Wuhan electric power industry emission problems?
-Which strategies will Wuhan electric power industry implement to reduce air polution emissions
 
 
Significance of the study
Wuhan as the central China important industrial city, its development is rapid, as a large city in the rising of central China, its development not only considers economic effect, more consider the environmental effects of the power industry and gas pollution problem seriously affect the citizens of wuhan environmental and health problems, so it has the important practical significance to study wuhan electric power industry to reduce the emissions.
 
 
Scope and limitations
Research scope of this dissertation is power industries in Wuhan. And the conclusion is to propose strategies to reduce air polution emissions in Wuhan.
Because of this dissertation limited in a short time, all these data collect from these two methods are secondary data. Secondary data is economical and time saving, and helps to improve the understanding of the problems and provides a basis for data’s comparison, however, secondary data not convictive than primary data, and it may have outdated problem.  
 
 
Chapter 2\ literature review
Green city
More than one-half of the world’s population now lives in urban areas, but they are blamed for producing as much as 80% of humanity’s greenhouse gas emissions. Furthermore, increasing urbanisation can negatively impact everything from the availability of arable land and vital green spaces to potable water and sanitary waste disposal facilities. Living in such close proximity tends to intensify thedemands that urban settlements impose on their surrounding environments.
 
 
It is clear, then, that cities must be part of the solution if an urbanising world is to grapple successfully with ecological challenges such as climate change. In concentrated urban areas, it is possible for environmental economies of scale to reduce the impact of human beings on the earth. This has already started to happen in Europe. According to the UN Population Division, 72% of the continent’s population is urban but the European Enviornment Agency says that its cities and towns account or just 69% of energe use. This is achieved in a range of ways, from increased use of public transport due to greater population density to smaller city dwellings that require less heating and lighting.
 
 
Many European cities have demonstrated their commitment to reducing their environmental impact by joining the Covenant of Mayors, a European Commission initiative launched in January 2008 that asks mayors to commit to cutting carbon emissions by at least 20% by 2020. This is encouraging the creation — often for the very first time — of a formal plan for how cities can go about reducing their carbon impact, which bodes well for the future.
 
 
Of course, environmental performance inevitably varies from city to city, but some encouraging trends are emerging. Of the 30 diverse European cities covered by this study, nearly all had lower carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per head than the overall EU27 average of 8.46 tonnes. Part of this success comes from several advantages which European urban areas share. Compared to other regions of the world, the continent has enjoyed remarkable political stability, with only the Balkan wars breaking the general peace of recent decades. Moreover, citizen awareness of the importance of protecting the environment and of green objectives has markedly increased in recent years. This is boosted in part by a growing body of environmentally focussed EU legislation.
 
 
But even in environmentally conscious Europe, problems abound. Across the cities profiled in this report, an average of one in three residents drive to work, contributing to increased CO2 emissions and general air pollution. The average proportion of renewable energy consumed is just 7.3%, a long way short of the EU’s stated goal of increasing the share of renewable energy usage to 20% by 2020. Nearly one in four litres of water consumed by cities is lost through leakage. And less than one fifth of overall waste is currently recycled. Moreover, encouraging environmentally helpful behavioural change is not a straightforward matter: cities often have little leverage to induce cities of each city, but also highlight emerging best practice and innovative ideas that others might wish to emulate.


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