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英国拉夫堡大学论文手册 LOUGHBOROUGH UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS

时间:2015-09-14 18:28来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:anne 点击:
LOUGHBOROUGH UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS DISSERTATION HANDBOOK FOR MSc CANDIDATES  
Do not lose this document. You will need it for future reference. 
 
1. Introduction 
This handbook provides guidance to those students wishing to write a dissertation towards partial fulfilment of their M.Sc. This document offers you guidance on how to tackle and successfully complete such a research project. It also offers guidance on the presentation of the dissertation and includes a list of the principal regulations. You are strongly advised to read this document before commencing your research and closely follow its suggestions. 
Dissertation Registration Criteria 论文注册标准
1.1  For students following the MSc: Economics and Finance programme the dissertation is compulsory. 硕士的学生:经济学和金融项目的论文是强制性的。
1.2  For students following the programmes MSc: Banking and Finance and MSc: International Banking, the dissertation is an alternative option to the Research Practice Seminar (RPS) modules ECP301 and ECP302.  方案MSC:银行与金融硕士的学生:国际银行,论文ECP301 ECP302模块的研究实践研讨会( RPS )的替代选项。
For full details of dissertation registration criteria see the MSc Programme Handbook. Note that students wishing to opt for the dissertation must obtain an average mark of 60 across all taught modules or an average of 55 or more across all modules with a pass in either ECP204 Microeconomics or ECP205 Macroeconomics. 
Since the semester two module marks will not be known until after the RPS has started, all students following these programmes and wishing to opt for the dissertation should attend at least the first session for these modules. All students are initially registered for the RPS modules and this will be modified only after the full range of marks becomes available. 对于学位论文的全部细节,登记标准见硕士课程手册。请注意,学生希望选择的论文必须取得平均分60 ,在所有教学模块或平均55岁或以上,在所有模块与微观或任何ECP204 ECP205宏观经济一通。
由于RPS已经开始后,不会知道,直到学期两个模块标记的,所有这些计划和希望选择论文的学生应至少参加一次会议,这些模块。最初注册的所有学生都RPS模块和全方位的商标将被修改后,才变为可用。
Note that in order to opt for the dissertation, students must have previously submitted a dissertation proposal and had it approved by the department. If this is not the case then permission to choose the dissertation option will be refused irrespective of the marks obtained in taught modules. 请注意,以选择的论文,学生必须先前已提交论文建议,并批准由部门。如果不是这种情况,那么选择的博士论文“选项的权限将被拒绝教学模块中得到的标记无关。
1.3 The dissertation is not available as an option for students following the MA: Money, Banking and Finance and MA: Banking and Financial Markets programmes. Instead, these students are required to follow the Assessed Research Practice modules ECP303 and ECP304. 本论文是不是可作为学生均线后一个选项:货币,银行和金融和MA:银行和金融市场的计划。相反,这些学生都必须按照评估研究实践模块ECP303 ECP304。

 

2. What is a Dissertation? 
A dissertation is a piece of work, which should be based upon some original piece of research designed and developed by yourself. The project will inevitably be a modest one, for you neither have the time nor a sufficient number of words to embark on a major research project. However, it should be based on research that you have carried out personally, on data you have collected yourself, or from ideas that have arisen out of your reading and interpretation of theoretical issues in the literature of economics or finance. 
There are perhaps three kinds of dissertations. Which type you choose will depend upon you interests and upon what you believe are your personal strengths and weaknesses. You need to bear in mind the skills required when you choose your project title and discuss these with your supervisor at the earliest opportunity. Most dissertations fall into one or more of the following three categories: (1) A literature study; (2) Econometric or other empirical modelling; (3) A case study. 
 A Literature study is not just a review of different theories. It is both abstract and exploratory in nature. It requires a capability to understand and dissect complex arguments that combine theoretical propositions and compact approaches to empirical evidence. The main task is to develop an argument in a critical, logical and original way, and is definitely not just a case of stringing together theories in an ill-defined manner. Never forget that a literature study is likely to also involve the use of data to back up your arguments and the appraisal of empirical evidence. 
Econometric Modelling involves the estimation and testing of hypotheses using simple econometric models. The starting point in this case is an empirically testable model (or hypothesis) which can be a single equation or a set of simultaneous equations [e.g. you may be interested in estimating a savings function, a demand for money function, etc.]. In this exercise you normally expect economic theory to suggest the basic framework of the model and, therefore, this type of research is most appropriate when economic theory and econometric practice provide you with good examples about how to estimate and test common relationships. This kind of empirical project also lends itself to policy analysis.  
Not all empirical work is econometric in nature. Questionnaire design and analysis, mathematical programming (linear and non-linear programming, constrained optimisation), general equilibrium modelling and experimental economics are all possible alternatives. However, the scope for dissertation work using these methods is generally limited since they depend heavily on the research interests of potential supervisors and may also require much more time than you will have available over the summer. If you wish to do an empirical project that is not econometric in nature you will have to be sure that it can be supervised and successfully completed.  
A Case Study, particularly when it involves primary data analysis, requires a very firm theoretical foundation. Much attention needs to be devoted to the collection and construction of data, usually obtained through documentary evidence or through interviews. There is a sharp difference between case studies which involve the application of a technique (e.g. project appraisal or linear regression) and a more open-ended (investigative) study. In the latter case it is important to remember that is not easy to base theory in a specific context. Failure to do so, however, often results in a case story, rather than a case study. 
Which of these styles of dissertation you choose will depend in part on the topic you choose. (In fact most dissertations will contain elements of all three styles!). Whatever the type of project that you eventually undertake you must ensure that your dissertation 
o does not quote large chunks of material from other writers 
o is not just a précis of the work of others. 
Choosing a topic is something students often find very difficult. The following section is designed to assist you in this. 
Choosing a Topic 
To write an effective dissertation you will need to choose a topic from an area of finance or economics, which particularly interests you. Most of the difficulty in choosing a topic is not being sufficiently specific. There are perhaps four reasons why being too vague creates problems: 
1. You quickly become lost in a vast literature, unable to distinguish between what is relevant and important and what is not. 
2. You never know when you are finished, because there has been no a priori definition of the limits. 
3. No hypotheses can be specified. 
4. The dissertation is usually poorly organised and hastily done, since there is never sufficient time to complete an ill-defined topic. 
The following steps will help you to choose your topic and avoid these problems. 
 
Step 1: Establishing your area of interest 
Think about what issues interest you, however vague and general. Then go to the syllabi of your courses and read the articles and books that relate to that interest. If the course references do not deal adequately with your topic of interest, you might have to spend some time in library or on surfing the 
 
 
internet to obtain other relevant readings. At this stage you topic might be as vague as one of the following: 
 
The CAPM 
 
Financial deregulation 
 
Exchange rate determination 
 
Step 2: Narrowing the focus 
Read at least five sources and take notes. Make a list of the major issues raised in those readings. For example, if your vague interest were in exchange rate determination, you might discover the following issues and questions: 
o there are different types of exchange rate models 
o exchange rate models forecast poorly 


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