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社科作业:社会中的外表

时间:2016-01-16 19:14来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:留学生作业 点击:

社会中的外表
Society and Physical Appearance


现在人们觉得有责任来适应当今社会。由于受外界的影响,人们希望尽可能看起来变得更好。在网上简美国舒尔写的文章,读者能够意识到环境对我们做出的选择有很大的影响。本文指出三大类,试图详细解释身体形象的问题。
读者能够了解文化背景对人们的身体形象起着重要的作用。两个因素臭名昭著地影响了当今社会媒体和广告公司。这两个观点改变着人们的一个想法,例如我们应该是什么样子的,是神话,而不是现实。许多人倾向于遵循这个理想前景,由于媒体曝光的原因,每一天所接收到的视觉和音频信息, 有可能并不是现实的。有些甚至可能会有健康问题,成为贪食或厌食的原因,他们想要融入那些媒体公开的榜样。
读者也能够看到同伴和家庭可能带来积极或消极的影响。大部分时间,人们身体形象的负面影响是由于父母忽视为孩子提供信心,给他们提供的信心不足,不足以让他们感觉到积极的自己,外表上创建这种信心,他们认为人们是如何看待他们的。同行在人们的想象中也扮演着重要的角色。作为一个人成长过程中,同事倾向于由于你的外表,而批评你所造成的外观。例如,孩子矮,比别人胖亦或是苗条等因素。
从心理的角度来看,由于许多研究已经完成,身体形象可以通过社会文化的角度来解释。

Nowadays people feel a responsibility to fit into today's society. People want to look as better as possible due to the outside influences one has. In the online article written by Jane Shure readers are able to realize how the surroundings have a great effect on choices that we make. This article points out three major categories on which tries to explain in more detail the troubles with body images.
 
Readers are able to see how cultural background plays an important role on people's body image. Couple of factors that influences notoriously on today's society is the media and advertising companies. These two change people's perspectives in having an idea on what we should look like, being that just of myth that is not a reality. Many people tend to follow this ideal look due to the reason that media is exposing visual and audio messages every day, which is unrealistic. Some may even get to the point of having health issues becoming bulimic or anorexic due to the reason that they want to fit into those role models that the media exposes.

Readers are also able to see that peers and family could affect positively or negatively in the way one feels. Most of the time people's body image is negatively affected due to the fact the parents neglect to provide confidence for child wasn't sufficient enough for them to feel positive themselves and create that confidence on how they look and how they think people look at them. Peers also play an important role on people's body imagines. As a one is growing up, peers tend to criticize by the outside appearance because of you physical appearance. For example, kids tend to be shorter, fatter, and skinnier than others are.
 
Due to the many studies that have been done from a psychological perspective, body image could be explained through the social cultural perspective. Sociocultural perspective refers to behavior one follows due to the surroundings the individual has from how they act and how they look at things from their point view. This varies because we all come from different background and we each have different beliefs that make us act different from one another depending the situation we are in.
 
One can clearly see how this sociocultural perspective strongly relates to the article written by Jane Shure in that it explains the influences that affects one's behavior. An example would be that body image is greatly influenced by family and peers (Shure, 2009). This is important because through this readers can realize that growing up as a child family and peers have a great influence in the way we act and behave to others. This is an example of sociocultual perspective because family and peers are an outside influencers that due to the interaction that people have day by day, they influence greatly in the choices and ideas one has (Wade, 2008).
 
Another example of the article that relates the sociocultural perspective is the way media influences society in what they should look like. An example would be how the fashion industry does a great job in influencing what we should buy in order to fit in (Sadaba, 1997). This is important because through this one can see how the media manipulates one's actions and preferences as to what we should and should not like. According to the sociocultural perspective this example relates strongly to this perspective in that people don't chose what they really want, they rather follow the crowd by listening to what society is advising them to acquire (Wade 2008).
 
Lastly, another example that could help us understand better, how the sociocultural perspective relates to the article would be the challenge individuals could face in changing the idea of what our body should look like. Because our surroundings have great influences in how we see and look at ourselves, it is very difficult in changing the idea that media, family, and peers have influence us in believing what the ideal image should be (Sadaba, 1997). This is essential in that because one has been influenced since childhood; it would be difficult to change the way you see yourself and others. Through this one can see the sociocultural perspective in that the cause of how we fell physically living in our body is due to the fact that the body image that has been established through our surroundings (Wade, 2008).
 
In conclusion, studying the issue on physical appearance from a sociocultural perspective would help in solving this problem in helping individuals look at themselves more positively. On example in how studying this issue from this perspective would help others would be in that they can realize that they do not have to follow the unrealistic model ideal look that they media portraits that we should look like. This would help in changing the individual's body image that one should look like in loving themselves and loving other how they are and not judge them by their physical appearance. Another example that studying this issue from this perspective can help in solving this problem would be that one should surround ourselves with family and peers that can positively can help us in increasing our confidence. This would be very important because individuals would surround themselves by people who would love and not judge them by their physical appearance.
 
参考文献——References

Sadaba, Stanley W. Applied Social Psychology. (1997). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

 
Shure, Jane, PHD (2009). How Body Image Impacts Self-Esteem. Submitted on Feb. 19, 2009
 
Wade, C. & Tavris, C. (2008). Invitation to Psychology (4th ed.). New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

 



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