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UNITEN本科生决定主修会计的原因

时间:2016-04-24 17:34来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:留学生作业 点击:

UNITEN本科生决定主修会计
Decision to major in accounting for undergraduate student in UNITEN

 

与之前的时代相比会计行业已经显示了很多变化和差异。以前,会计只在公司的财务报表中所占据。但现在,会计师不仅仅是做会计的工作。会计人员也参与公司的管理。例如,会计师可以作为一个公司的首席执行官。几乎所有的公司招聘首席执行官的人,都有会计背景涉及。

当前会计行业所需的技能,有所变化。这是因为公司需要具备多个技能的会计师,而不是不仅关注会计技能。因此,大学提供会计项目需要调整他们的教学方法,由公司来满足当前的要求。大学教授的科目需要检查和定期更新。所以,当学生从大学毕业,他们可以被视为相关就业。

虽然大学内的科目有所改变,我们需要了解会计学生的类型而选择会计项目。大部分学生选择具体专业,例如会计,因为他们觉得与他们的个人风格亦然创造性的学生相兼容。这是因为富有创造性的学生更感兴趣的是文科和工程。

2)研究问题和目的

这个提议的研究问题是确定学生会计课程的初始感觉。在他们的学校生活中,我们可以使他们最初的看法与他们固有的技能相联系。我们需要调查会计课程是否确实适合在艺术或化学方面缺乏创造力的学生。

另一研究问题是研究学生家长和学生朋友在会计项目上对学生感知影响的关系所在。
The accounting profession had shows a lot of changes and differences from the previous era. Formerly, the accountant only does accounting for the company's financial statement. But nowadays, the accountant job is more than doing accounting. Accountant had involved with the management of the company. For example, accountant can be as CEO for a company. Almost all company recruiting their CEO from people that have accounting background.

The skills that needed for current accounting profession had changes. This is because the company needs accountant that have multiple skills and not only focus on accounting skills. Thus, the university that provide accounting programme needs to adjust their type of teachings to meet the current requirement by the company. The subjects that being taught at the university need to be checked and updated regularly. So, when the student graduates from the university, they can be seen as relevant for employment.

While there are changes on the subjects by the university, we need to know about the type of accounting student that selects the accounting programme. Mostly the students select specific majors like accounting because they feel compatible with their personal styles and vice versa to creative student. This is because creative student is more interested to liberal arts and engineering.

2)研究问题和目的——2) Research problem @ purpose

The research problem for this proposal is to identify the initial perception of the student on accounting programme. We can relate the initial perception with their inherent skills in their school life. We need to investigate whether it is true that accounting programme is towards to student that has lack of creativity in arts or chemical.

The other research problem is to study about the relationship between parent and the student friends in affecting the student perception on accounting programme. Some parent wanted their son to study in accounting as their previous background also is accounting. This decision by the parent can affect the student perception. Meanwhile, the student's friend also can be relating with the perception as there are student that listen more to their friends idea.

The school teacher also has its own relationship to student perception. Thus, it is also one of the problems in this research. We need to relate on how the school teacher action that affect the student interest especially towards accounting subject as accounting subject has been know as a calculation and boring subject.

Changes in the business environment can create different perception for the student towards accounting. Many accounting profession nowadays need creative student and not only the knowledge on accounting. We need to relate the changes of the business environment with the student perception on accounting.

3)提出要研究——3) Research questions

The research questions for this study are as follows:

What are the student's initial perceptions on major in accounting?

Do student's perception on accounting affected by their parent?

Do changes in student's perception related to their friends?

Do the advices by the school teacher influence the student's perception to major in accounting?

How the future of accounting prospect is can be related with student's decision to major in accounting?

研究的重要性@好处——4)4) Significance of the study @ benefit

There are many benefits that we can get through this study. One of the benefits from this study is we can gain in-depth information towards the student nature and perceptive accounting programme. Although there are many research had been done in the previous year, but it is still insufficient towards the society or other researchers as the nature had been changing from year to year continuously.

Furthermore, we able to identify what variables or factors that affect the student perceptive towards the accounting programme. This is an important aspect to determine what kind of environment the student live. Thus, it can affect their nature of learning and perceptive especially to accounting.

Getting new result on student perception on accounting can help to improve the accounting education in the future. The education department can use the result that we have as a reference in modifying the subject that being teach at the university to match with the student perception. So, the student will not bore with accounting subject and able to generate professional student in the future.

5)研究的局限性(选择)——5) Limitation (optional)


文献综述——Literature Review


广泛-会计教育——Broad - accounting education

There are various number of studies had been conducted in order to address many aspects towards the introductory accounting course. For example, there are summaries of accounting education researched conducted by Williams, Tiller, Herring and Scheiner (1988), Rebele, Sout and hassell (1991) and Rebele, Apostolou, Buckless, Hassell, Paquette and Stout (1998). In addition, there are studies that examined the determinants of student performance in the first accounting course (Doran, Bouillon, & Smith, 1991; Eskew & Faley, 1988; Wooten, 1998). The possible effect of gender on accounting course performance (Buckless, Lipe & Ravenscroft, 1991) and the prediction of student performance in upper-level accounting courses based on the performance in the introductory courses (Bernardi & Bean, 1999; Danko, Duke & Franz, 1992) are also have relationship on this studies. Furthermore, a sizeable amount of research and discussion on the appropriate content of the first accounting course (AECC, 1992; Baldwin & Ingram, 1991; Cherry & Mintz, 1996; Cherr & Reckers, 1983; Pincus, 1997; Vangermeersch, 1997).

Based from Geiger, M. A. and S. M. Ogilby (2000), the authors stated that there are two important reasons for the first course in accounting which the first is it gives us the ability to present useful information that can lead to better decision making for all business majors and the second is it provides us with the opportunity to encourage or discourage individuals to become accounting majors.


狭窄-学生的视角——Narrow - student perceptive


A study by Shackleton (1980) mentioned that early twenty years later, the accountant was still perceived as meek, impersonal, boring, unattractive, independent, conservative, meticulous and imaginative.

Additionally, Carcello et al. (1991) and DeZoort et al. (1997) describe the cause by the students' perception which is often not parallel to the professional accounting environment. Thus, this shows that the university student always think the accounting career is a highly rewarding based on the salary and status. Their friends experiences affect the students perception on accounting career.


具体因素——Specific - factor


A study by DeZoort et al. (1997) suggested that influence come from other sources such as family, friends, or recruiters. In related with the study, there are a suggestion that show the decline in the number and quality of students choosing to major in accounting could be caused by several factors stated by North American research (Albrecht & Sack, 2000; Cory, 1992; Garner & Dombrowski, 1997) and Australian research (Mathews, Brown, & Jackson, 1990). The first factor is the misinformation or the lack of information about what accounting is and the nature of the duties performed by accountants (Albrecht & Sack, 2000; Cory, 1992; Garner & Dombrowski, 1997). The second factor is students having more attractive career alternatives than in the past (Albrecht & Sack, 2000; which had been reinforced with the perception that the accounting curriculum is predictable, routine and boring stated by Mathews et al. (1990). The third factor stated by Albrecht & Sack (2000) is the student perceptions of accounting as not being compatible with the "creative, rewarding, people oriented careers that many students envision for themselves.


理论框架——Theoretical Framework


1) Theory highlighted

2) Theoretical justification for variable relationship



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