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爱尔兰媒体作业:电影是代表人类互动的有效且有问题的媒介

论文价格: 免费 时间:2019-06-10 15:00:28 来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:留学作业网
1.0Introduction 介绍
电影业在世界上已存在很长一段时间。这部电影已成为人类业余时间最重要的部分之一。由于电影可以在某种程度上让人感到愉快,因此越来越多的人选择在星期日看电影来消磨时间。
随着电影产业的发展,电影中越来越多的先进技术被用来表达演员的想法或女演员的感受。电影可以是表示人类互动的有效且有问题的媒介。一方面,电影可以在很大程度上代表人与人之间的相互作用。这部电影是能够表达人们思想的媒体之一。电影中的对话和场景可以让观察者感觉到一切都在现实中发生,这是非常有效的。事实上,一个人是社会最基本的单位,人与人之间的相互作用促成了社会的形成。另一方面,电影中的意识形态在表现人类互动方面也存在问题。这部电影对于反映人类之间的相互作用非常重要(Arthurs,2003)。因此,有必要对电影进行详细分析,以更深入地了解电影和人类的互动。本文将主要分析性别和城市1,详细解释该主题。
The film industry has existed for a long period of time in the world. The film has become one of the most important parts in the spare time of human beings. Since film can amuse people to some degree, more and more people choose to see a film on Sundays to kill the time. 
With the development of the film industry, more and more advanced technology has been used in the film to express the ideas of the actors or the feelings of the actresses. The film can be an effective and problematic medium for representing human interaction. On one hand, film can represent the interactions between human beings to a great extent. The film is one of the media that can express the thoughts of people. The dialogues and the scenes in the film can make the watchers feel that everything is happening in reality, which is very effective. In fact, one person is the most fundamental unit of the society, and the interactions between human beings have enabled the formation of the society. On the other hand, the ideology in the film can also be problematic in representing the human interactions. The film can be important for reflecting the interactions between human beings(Arthurs, 2003). Therefore, it is necessary to analyze the film in detail to understand the film and the human interactions more deeply. The essay will mainly analyze the Sex and City 1 to interpret the topic in detail. 
2.0The ideology in a film电影中的意识形态
2.1The definition of the ideology意识形态的定义
电影业在20世纪就已为人所知。作为一种社会媒介,它可以在很大程度上影响一个国家的政治,经济和文化。电影中最基本的元素是意识形态,因为意识形态可以通过几种方法在电影中表达,例如场所,对话和动作(Rebecca,2011)。
至于意识形态的定义,它可以被视为一组可以形成一个“目标,愿望和行为”的思想。意识形态可能非常复杂,包括观察事物的方式。在一些哲学趋势中已经讨论过它。意识形态可以通过所有社会成员的行为或行为显然影响社会的发展(Arthurs,2003)。在电影中,意识形态可以非常明显,因为电影不像人类的生命那么长。意识形态可以在电影的最后轻松地在某种程度上得出结论(Akass,2004)。意识形态也可以在很大程度上用来影响政治和经济。在大多数情况下,社会问题可以归结为意识形态方面的问题。世界上有几种意识形态系统,它们已经在社会和世界的进步中展现出来(Rebecca,2011)。
可以看出,意识形态在人类的日常生活中发挥着重要作用,可以对整个社会和经济产生影响。这部电影是社交媒体之一,电影中的意识形态是决定电影在表达人类互动方面是否有效或有问题的主要因素。
The film industry has been known in the 20th century. As a kind of social medium, it can influence the politics, the economy, and the culture of a country to a great extent. The most essential element in a film is the ideology, for the ideology can be expressed in the film by several methods, such as the place, the dialogues and the actions vividly(Rebecca, 2011). 
As to the definition of the ideology, it can be seen as a group of ideas that can form one’ aims, wishes, and behaviors. The ideology can be very complex, which includes the way of viewing at things. It has been discussed in some philosophical trends. The ideology can influence the development of a society obviously through the actions or behaviors of all the social members(Arthurs, 2003). In the film, the ideology can be very obvious, for the film is not as long as the life of human beings. The ideology can be concluded in the end of the film easily to some degree(Akass, 2004). The ideology can also be used to affect the politics and the economy to a great extent. In most cases, the matters in a society can be concluded to the problems in the aspect of ideology. There are several kinds of ideology system in the world, which has been displayed in the progression of the society and the world(Rebecca, 2011). 
As can be seen, the ideology plays a great role in the daily life of human beings, which can be influential to the society and the economy as a whole. The film is one of the social media, and the ideology in the film is the main factor that decides whether the film is effective or problematic in representing the human interactions. 
2.2The reflection of the ideology in a film
With the development of the industry, especially in the technology in shooting and making the films, the ideology in a film has become more and more comprehensive to some degree. One film can be considered as a kind of miniature of the whole life of a person, which can be felt and viewed(Martha, 2005). All the feelings that have been expressed in the film can make the audience attentive in watching the plots. The plots in the film, nowadays, have become more and more real with employment of the advanced technology(Akass, 2004). In a word, the reflection of the ideology in a film is of great importance to the effects of the film in representing the human interactions. 
3.0The film—Sex and the City and the human interaction
3.1 The brief introduction on the Sex and the City 
The film Sex and the Cityhas been presented to the film market in the year of 2008. This film is very popular in the world, for it has offered a fabulous miniature of 4 white women in the plots, which is very attractive to the audience. The diverse lives of 4 different white women are fascinating in the film, and all the four white women have received perfect education(Bell, 1995). They are considered as the upper class in New Yorkin the film plot. One actress in the film is Carrie, and her life is related to a rich guy named Mr. Big to a great degree. Miranda, who is a woman purchasing the career attentively, is a lawyer, and she spares no effort to be a qualified mother at the same time. In the film, Charlotte is the representative of the traditional people in the society, and she just wishes to own a perfect and gorgeous family, which is the whole dream of her life(Paul, 2005). Samantha is very open-minded, and she has the idea that sex is more important that all the things in the relation between a man and a woman. The human interactions in the film mainly center on the gender and love. The four typical type of women have been depicted vividly in the movie, which has represented the human interactions to a great extent. 
3.2 The concept of human interactions
Human interaction means the communications between one person and another person or one group of persons and another group of persons. The human interaction is one basic instance of the interactive communication that is very comprehensive. Human beings can communicate or interact with each other through the physical actions, discourse, or some external tools. With the development of the technology in modern times, people can communicate or interact with one another on the phone, on the computer or on TV(Bell, 1995). Time is passing by, and the human interactions become more and more complicated in recent years. There are many kinds of people in the world, and everyone has different characteristics. As one old saying goes, there is no identical pieces of leaves in the world. The interactions between human beings are not same in any moment or at any place(Gilpatric, 2010). It is necessary to analyze the human interactions more deeply to contribute to the harmony of the society and the whole world. The film is one of the methods to represent the human interactions to some degree(Benshoff, 2004). However, the film, after all, is not the reality. Therefore, the film can represent the human interactions effectively or problematically. 
3.3 The film is an effective medium
The movie, as one kind of social media, can represent the human interactions in an effective way. The film has been made to amuse people to some degree, but it has been based on the reality(Gauntlett, 2008). Some fictional films are not useful to represent the human interactions to some extent, for the scientific movies have been based on the imaginary plots. Therefore, it is helpful to analyze the movie that can show the real life to some part in the essay. For instance, the film Sex and City 1 has been made to represent the lives of 4 white women. In some cases, the film has represented the human interactions to a great degree and very effectively(Bryman, 2008). 
In one scene when Mr. Big is talking about the wedding with Carrie and the wedding will be held in several days, Mr. Big is not willing to discuss the wedding at all, for he is engaged at his work at that time(Samantha, 2013). However, Carrie wishes to formulate a peculiar plan. She walks to Mr. Big, and site on the lap of him, but Mr. Big pushes her off his lap. The discourse is as follows: #p#分页标题#e#
Carrie: You’re not taking this serious.
Mr. Big: No I’m not, it is a circus…This is my third marriage how do you think this makes me look?
Carrie: I didn’t know that was even an issue…
Mr. Big: This is what you want. I want 'you’ that is what I want. I could have just gone down to City
Hall.
She walks to the door of the bathroom and knocks on the door: MR. Big opens the door. 
Carrie: I think it’s too late for City Hall now.
Mr. Big: I wasn’t suggesting that.
Carrie appears to be very unhappy.
Mr. Big: That’s the face I’ve been trying to avoid. Come here.
Then Mr. Big opens his arms to offer Carrie an embrace. In this scene, several traits can be seen typically(Fairclough, 1995). Mr. Big is worried about the public views on him, for he is going to get married for a third time. Mr. Big is also quite assertive with the thing that he wants, because he has the action of pushing away Carrie when she wishes to discuss the wedding and he wants to work. This scene has represented the ideology of a woman with happy dreams on the wedding and the ideology of a man with assertive characteristics effectively. Mr. Big is very typical as a man who always knows what he wants(Carter, 2004,). Carrie is one typical woman who wants to have a spectacular wedding and likes to follow man when she has to decide on some important things. The power of men and the tender traits of women have been represented effectively. They have interacted with each other with the physical actions and the discourse to solve the problem relating to the wedding. Therefore, the film is one of the effective media to display the human interactions(Southard, 2008). 
3.4 The film can be a problematic medium
In the film, Harry and Charlotte travels to China and they get back to New York for Lily. They can not get a kid on their own. From this plot, the ideology of Charlotte can been seen clearly. Charlotte wants a perfect family, including a perfect man as her husband and the perfect kids as well. She is typical of pursuing for the perfect things. However, there is no such a thing as perfect in reality. Therefore, the ideology of Charlotte is not right to some degree. This is one kind of improper ideology to some degree. There is only a small number of human beings who would like to chase for the perfect. Charlotte is always worrying about the family, which has made her unhappy at all(Elizabeth, 2011). The ideology of perfect can harm the feelings between one person and another to some extent through the eye contacts, the behaviors and the discourse. Therefore, the ideology in this scene is a bit problematic in representing the human interactions to some extent. 
4.0Conclusion
The film is a kind of social media to amuse people in daily lives. With the development of the technology, the human interactions become more and more complex. The film can show the ideology in several aspects to a great degree. As has been referred in the above, the ideology can be various from one person to another or one film to another film. The film is one way to reflect the ideology of human beings. The film—Sex and the City is very typical in the upper class lives. The depiction of 4 white women with higher education is very vivid and gorgeous. There are many discourses and interactive behaviors in the film, so it is useful to analyze this film in detail to decide whether the film is an effective medium or a problematic film in representing the human interactions. The human interactions can be interpreted as the human communications(Daniel, 2010). The analysis of the film that can represent the human interactions may make a contribution to the development of the harmony in society and in the world. The essay in the above has discussed the main idea in detail. To conclude, the film is an effective and problematic medium for representing human interaction. 
5.0Reference
Arthurs, 2003, Sex and the City and Consumer Culture: Remediating Post feminist Drama, Feminist Media Studies, vol. 35,no. 3, pp. 290–307.
Akass, 2004, Reading Sex and the City, I. B. Tauris & Company, London.
Bell, D., 1995, From mouse to mermaid: the politics of film, gender and culture, Indiana University Press, Bloomington.
Benshoff, M., 2004, America on Film. Representing Race, Class, Gender, and Sexuality at the movies, Blackwell Publishing, MASS.
Bryman, 2008, Social Research Methods,Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Carter, 2004, Critical readings: Media and gender, Open University Press , Maidenhead.
Dawn Elizabeth, 2011, Gender Role Portrayal and the Disney Princesses, Sex Roles,vol. 6,no. 6, pp. 760–807.
Daniel G., 2010, The context of current content analysis of gender roles: an introduction to a special issue,New Riders Press, Northern Ireland.
Fairclough, 1995,Media discourse, Edward Arnold, London.
Gauntlett, 2008,Media, gender and Identity An introduction, Routledge, London.
Gilpatric,2010, Violent female action characters in contemporary American cinema, Sex Roles, vol. 4,no. 4, pp. 564–610.
James Paul, 2005, An Introduction to Discourse Analysis: Theory and Method,  Routledge, NY.
Martha M., 2005, Maintaining the Double Standard: Portrayals of Age and Gender in Popular Film,Rockport Publishers, CA.
Rebecca L., 2011, Content Analysis of Gender Roles in Media: Where Are We Now and Where Should We Go? Sex Roles,HOW Books, San Francisco.
Samantha M., 2013,A Content Analysis of the Presence of Sexualizing Characteristics in Girls,RotoVision Press, Pomona.
Stillion Southard, 2008, Beyond the Backlash: Sex and the City and Three Feminist Struggles, Communication Quarterly, vol. 2,no.6, pp. 213–312.
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