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新西兰literature作业:男女之间的战争The war between men and women

时间:2019-07-31 09:41:33 来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:未知 点击:6
詹姆斯·瑟伯是美国当代著名的幽默作家和漫画家,被观众称为“墓地里吹口哨的人”。他是著名杂志《纽约客》最年轻、最有成就的编辑之一,后来成为自由记者。詹姆斯·瑟伯一生创作了大量的散文、散文、寓言、小说、回忆录等,他的作品深受人们的喜爱,其中最成功的是他的讽刺小说,尤其擅长描写大城市里的普通人,有着简单而新颖的泰勒,荒诞中有真理,幽默中有苦涩。尽管詹姆斯·瑟伯的大部分作品在很大程度上吸引了幽默的读者,但对于他来说,“幽默是一种平静的、回顾性的情感障碍,是一种平静记忆中的情感障碍。”因此他的作品没有耸人听闻的感觉,但认真地思考生活,就好像生活是滑稽可笑的。
James Thurber is a famous contemporary humorist and cartoonist in the United States of America, who is called "the man whistling in the cemetery" by the audience.He is one of the youngest and most accomplished editors of the famous magazine New Yorker and later became a freelance journalist.Throughout his whole life, James Thurber has created numerous prose, essays, fables, novels, memoirs, etc. JamesThurber's works are widely loved by the people, the most successful of which are his satirical novels.He is especially good at portraying ordinary people in big cities, with a simple and novel style, with truth in absurdity and bitterness in humor.Although the majority of James Thurber's works attract readers with humor to a great extent, however, as for him, "humor is a kind of emotional disorder that speaks calmly and retrospectively, an emotional disorder in calm memory." In consequence, his work is without sensationalism, but thinks about life seriously as if it were funny and ridiculous.
詹姆斯·瑟伯以他聪明、幽默、尖刻的方式指出人类的弱点而闻名。他经常通过自己的作品来表达对人性丧失的愤怒。他说他的幽默是一把剑,而不是一个盾牌,它割断了人性的所有弱点:不理性、神经质、自私、虚伪和夸张。特别是在描述两性关系时,这是特点越来越突出。这对他的感情生活有很大影响,在他对人物的描写中,他尽一切努力使女人坚强、肉欲和表面上占主导地位,但事实上,她们是愚蠢的,而男人是温柔和软弱的,但在她们温柔和软弱的外表下,男人隐藏了她们的聪明才智。《以自己的方式赢得男女战争的联盟与梦想》,因此,詹姆斯·瑟伯的作品中总是存在着男女之间的秘密计算与危机。它隐藏在家庭和公司中,好像在任何有男人和女人的地方都会发生战争。
James Thurber is famous for his wise, humorous and biting way of pointing out human weaknesses. He often expresses his anger at the loss of human virtue through his works.He said that his humor is a sword, rather than a shield, that cuts at every weakness of human nature: irrational, neurotic, selfish, hypocritical, and exaggerated.Especially when describing relations between the sexes, this characteristic is becoming more prominent. This matters a great deal to his emotional life.In his portrayal of the characters, he makes his every attempt to make women strong, predatory and seemingly dominant, but in fact they are stupid, while men are gentle and feeble.But under their appearance of meekness and weakness, men hide their ambitions and dream of winning men and women's wars in their own way.Therefore, there is always a secret calculation and crisis between the men and women in James Thurber's works. It is hidden in the family and the company, as if there is a war wherever there is a man and a woman.
《花园里的独角兽》是一部不到一千字的寓言小说,已被搬上银幕,并多次翻译成多个国家版本。故事以寓言的典型形式开始和结束,讲述了一个男人在花园里看到一只独角兽,两次告诉他的妻子,然而他的妻子却嘲笑他,威胁要把他送到精神病院。丈夫一离开,妻子就给警察和精神科医生打电话,说他是真的。Allyand说,她的丈夫声称在传说中见过独角兽,并要求他们把他带走。当警察和精神病学家向丈夫寻求证实时,丈夫否认这不是事实,然后他妻子被承认是疯了,被送到了精神病院。从那时起,事业单位和丈夫过着幸福的生活。在故事的开头,作者用“箔纸”使读者认识到,丈夫是一个胆小、胆小的丈夫,因为他只是“坐在早餐的角落”。相反,作者表明,妻子是一个不耐烦的人。通过对她的眼睛、表情和行为的详细描述,T人更像是一只地狱猫。当丈夫告诉妻子他第一次看到独角兽时,他的妻子只是“睁开一只程序眼睛”,“把她背向他”,“冷酷地”。第二次,她的话是IRO。NIC。她给丈夫起了一个绰号“booby”,并让他“装上一个booby舱口”。我们可以看到,在他们的关系中,丈夫总是宽容的,妻子总是不满意。他们不能和平地生活。而且,存在着不可调和的冲突,这些冲突一直累积到了顶峰。最后,他们中的任何一个都希望另一个消失,然后战争开始了。
The Unicorn in The Garden is an allegorical novel with less than a thousand words, which has been brought to the screen and translated into multiple national versions plenty of times. The story beginning and ending in the typical form of a fable,tells that a man saw a unicorn in his garden and told his wife twice however was taunted by his wife who threatened to send him to the mental institution.As soon as her husband left, the wife called the police and psychiatrists authenticallyand said that her husband claimed to have seen the unicorn in the legend and asked them to take him away.When the police and psychiatrists sought the verification from the husband, the husband denied that this was not the reality, and then his wife was admitted to be mad to be sent to the mental institution and the husband led a happy life from then on.At the beginning of the story, the author used a “foil” to make readers realize that the husband is a timid, henpecked husband, because he is only "sit in a breakfast nook".On the contrary, the author showed that his wife is a impatient person and more like a hell cat through the detailed description of her eyes, expressions and actions.When the husband told his wife that he had seen a unicorn for the first time, his wife just "opened one program eye", "turned her back on him" and "coldly".For the second time, her words were ironic. She gave her husband the nickname "booby" and asked him to "put in a booby-hatch."We can see that in their relationship, the husband always tolerates and the wife is always dissatisfied.They can't live in peace. And there are irreconcilable conflicts that build up to the top. In the end, either of them wanted the other to disappear, and then the war began.
By describing the husband's elaborate design of the war, the author also reflects that the husband is a timid person.He did not dare to confront his wife, thus pretended to be abnormal by telling her that he had seen a unicorn. This way is hidden and circuitous. The image of the wife in this story is brave but not resourceful.She got up and dressed as fast as she could, which reflects her impatience from the side.At the same time, such a scene also makes audience sad.It’s impossible to get their relationship back because of"there was a gloat in her eye".But if she had gone into the garden to confirm her husband's lie, rather than to assert herself, the result would be completely different.She was proud, arrogant and domineering. She bullies her husband and thinks she knows everything. The husband, in the face of a long period of disrespect for his dignity, carefully planned such a farce and became the ultimate winner.
The novel is about a marriage that can't be saved, about a marriage that is on the verge of collapse, and about two people who want each other to disappear.But the author didn't write a single word for their marital status and didn't send a comment. He just told a story, described the couple’s behavior and performance, withsome simple words, quietly, naturally and narrative.Although it is a simple story, it depicts the hatred between husband and wife. The author, seeing big things through small ones, used a small event in the daily life to show the couple's long-term grudges and cold relationships, which can be described as a clever structure.The ending was both unexpected and reasonable.The husband's amusing description was strongly disliked by his wifewho confidently threw him into a mental institution.The plot of the story in a few hundred short words waves several times and is really fascinating.The last sentence, "The husband lived happily ever after", gave readers a surprise: it may be all in the husband's plans.In addition, the clever repetition also forms a feature of the story structure.The previous words of the husband were repeated by the wife, and the words of the wife were repeated by the husband, and the identity of the character was reversed, which produce a curious effect.
The title "the unicorn in the garden" is also a symbol. We all know that unicorns are mysterious beasts, a symbol of kind and happiness.How can thehusband see it? How could this happen in the garden? So we clearly know it's impossible. I think it's a symbol of the inevitable war between husband and wife.It's normal for a couple to have conflictssometimes -- it's just what it means to be together.(Preston Ni M.S.B.A. 2012)A peaceful solution to the war is impossible. The story tells a tragedy because a couple must go through a war. If the couple could communicate more often, the results might be different.Communication is the key to a healthy relationship.(Robin S. Haight, and Dan Abrahamson 2017)In fact, the image of the hero and heroine of the novel is the thousands of a microcosm of the relationship of the family, and under the social background at that time, society is undergoing great changes, it would be easy to affect the couple's family life, which is a lot of families to break.#p#分页标题#e#
At first glance, the author's conclusion is a bit puzzling. But after repeated reflection, it means "who laughs last, who laughs best".The seemingly naive, simple and dull husband won the victory, and the clever wife was rewarded with evil.On the other hand, the whole affair can be regarded as a trap designed by the treacherous husband.In a word, there is no warmth but an enemy relationship between the husband and wife in the novel.From the story, we feel absurd, strange, exaggerated and cannot help being frightened at the same time. The story tears apart the tender feelings on the surface of the family and reveals the selfishness, indifference and cruelty between people, even between relatives, giving a mysterious and gloomy and horrible feeling in the mysterious atmosphere.
The full text of the story is no more than a thousand words. However, the plot is full of ups and downs, which are meaningful and memorable.In the writing process of novel,James Thurber embodied the perfection on the application of the writing techniques and combined with his unique charm of language, which make the seemingly absurd and boring story become reasonable and fascinating. Reading such works has brought my appreciation of novels to a new height.It is through the story of his wife that the novel reveals the truth that the victim will eventually harm himself and that the clever will be misunderstood by the clever. We can draw a conclusion that good people are happy in their lives, and those who do anything will get what they deserve.
 
Work Cited
Preston Ni M.S.B.A. 2012. How Successful Couples Resolve Conflicts.
Robin S. Haight,Dan Abrahamson. 2018. Happy couples: How to keep your relationship healthy. http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/healthy-relationships.aspx


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