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英语presentation开场白指导(精品)

时间:2015-03-15 19:27来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:csjjdy 点击:
一个好的开场白对于presentation来说极其重要。这篇文章主要介绍了presentation开场白的结构,还有其他值得注意的问题。本篇文章还给出了很多示例,来供读者参考。

英语presentation开场白指导


俗话说,好的开始时成功的一半。对于英文Presentation来说也是一样,一个精彩或完美的开场白可以带动全场气氛,集中观众注意力,提高你做presentation的效果。Presentation的开场需要注意什么?有哪些内容要在presentation的开场白中说出来?下面将会告诉你答案。
 
在介绍presentation主题内容之前需要关注的问题和语言技巧
 
1.Expressing thanks to the Chairperson向主持人致谢
 
如果有主持人或上司先对你进行了介绍的话,要有礼貌的向主持人表示感谢。下面是几个致谢的例子。
 
  • Mr. Chairman, thank you for your introduction.
  • First, I would like to thank Mr. Chairman for his gracious introduction.
  • Thank you very much, Prof. Fawcett, for your very kind introduction.
  • I would like to thank Dr. Huang (主持人或推荐你来发言的上司)for permitting me the privilege to speak to this audience.
 
2.Forms of Address and Greetings 对观众的称呼
 
向观众问好时,也可以增加一点称呼上的变化。你也可以从下面的称呼中选出一种。
 
  • Distinguished colleagues!
  • Ladies and gentleman, Good morning!
  • Members of the conference!
 
3.Expressing Pleasure and Honor 向听众致意
 
在正式开始presentation之前,先表达一下自己的激动之情,形式如下。
 
  • I am very happy/glad/pleased to be here in Hong Kong.
  • I am honored/privileged to be here (with you this afternoon).
  • I am proud to be here on this special occasion. 
  • It’s a very great pleasure for me to be able to attend this conference.
  • I consider it a great honor to be asked to speak about …on this session of our symposium/ at this conference.. 
  • It is a great pleasure to be given the honor of first speaker on this important topic.
 
4.Reference to the Audience 与听众呼应
 
此时是拉近演讲者与观众距离的最好机会,如果能激发起观众的兴趣和认同感,presentation的效果将大大加强。
 
  • I can see many of you are from …department.
  • I know many of you are familiar with this topic. 
  • You all look as though you’ve heard this before.
  • I understand that you’ve all traveled a long way./ After hours of conference, you must feel a little tired. Now I’d like you to see an interesting topic…
 
开场白中对presentation的主题与大纲的简要介绍
 
从现在开始,presentation就要进入主题的介绍了,但是在开始presentation主体内容之前,还需要在presentation的开场白中做一些铺垫,以让观众更好了解presentation的内容。
 
1.Background Information背景知识
 
如果观众对于presentation的主题不甚了解的话,那么加上一段背景知识非常必要,这个背景知识可以是历史背景、理论假设,也可以是研究内容的意义。背景知识的开头示例如下。
 
  • I would like to start by briefly reviewing the history of open heart surgery.
  • Let us start with the theoretical basis of this new technique.
  • To begin with, we have to consider the principle.
  • I think it would be best to start out by looking at a few slides.
  • I should like to preface my remarks with a description of the basic idea.
  • May I begin with a general outline of this project?
  • The first thing I would like to talk about is the definition of the terms I shall use in my lecture.
  • The first point I'd like to make is the historical background of the invention.
  • First, I shall explain to you why this new program is correct and feasible.
 
2.Topic主题
 
在介绍完背景之后,引出presentation的主题,示例如下。
 
  • I would like to concentrate on the problem Of antibiotic abuse in hospitals.
  • I shall devote my talk to the surgical treatment of coronary disease.
  • I want to confine my talk to the latest developments in civil engineering.
  • Today, I am going to give a talk on the application of computers in medicine.
  • My topic today will deal with the observation of supernova.
  • In today's talk, I' ll restrict myself to the etiology of 15-epa~i;s.
  • In my presentation this morning, I' ll limit myself to three major points only.
  • I take the liberty of restricting my discussion mainly to highway bridge construction.
  • Now, I would like to address myself to the most important aspect of this problem.
  • Among the many languages, I shall mention only BASIC.
  • What I am going to present today is the methodology and the data analysis.
  • I'm not going to say much about that except to discuss the literature on that topic.
 
3.Outlining大纲
 
在提出presentation的主题后,简要地概括一下presentation的大纲,这样可以让观众感受到条理性,示例如下。
 
  • My talk today consists of two parts. One is... and the other is...
  • I've divided my presentation into four parts.
  • I shall first talk about ... and then touch on... and finally discuss ...
  • The subject can be looked at under the following headings: ... (Pointing to the PowerPoint display)
  • I would like to divide my talk into two parts. The first part deals with…, the second part concerns ...
  • My presentation will be given in four parts. The first part deals with ... The second part relates to... The third part concerns ... And the last part discusses…
 
4.Purpose/Objective意义/目标
 
做Presentation中研究的内容是为了达到一个特定的目的,提一下研究的意义也是为了让观众更好的理解,引起观众兴趣。
 
  • The purpose of this presentation is to...
  • This talk is designed to…
 
Comprehensive Samples 综合示例
 
下面列出两个综合示例,一共参考,帮助大家寻找感觉。
 
Sample 1 
 
Thank you, Mr. Chairperson, Mr. Director-General, distinguished members of the ILO's Governing Body and friends. I welcome this opportunity to be here today, with an Organization which in many ways belongs to all of us workers. I can think of, in fact, no other international body that one can claim as one's own so unambiguously.
I have also had a longstanding formal association with the ILO. Many of my early pieces on women and technological change and on land rights were published by the ILO, as well as was the work of many other scholars. It is therefore a pleasure for me to be here on this important Symposium.
The canvas of the Symposium is very large. I will focus on two aspects of gender inequality that centrally effect millions of women as workers but perhaps have failed to receive the attention they deserve. First, the gender gap in command over property and Productive assets and, second, gender biased social perceptions and social norms.
 
Sample 2 
 
I learned last May that you have to be careful in speaking to a group of professional communicators. After I conducted a writer' s workshop at the Toronto Conference of the International Association of Business Communicators, Janine Lichaczwrote asked me to speak here tonight and used the communication techniques I had recommended. She even included a footnote citing my lecture. I am susceptible to good communication and to flattery so I am pleased to be with you to discuss your topic for the evening, the use of language in the art of speech writing.
I suppose we must begin by shaking our heads, woefully, over the sad state of language today, whether in formal speeches, casual conversation, or in writing. Most of us in this room no doubt agree with the generally negative tone of Time Magazine's year-end assessment which claims “our language has been besieged by vulgarities”. But to preserve our sanity as professionals in communication of us would probably join Time in optimistically expecting English somehow to survive and even to prosper.
 
Expressions on Other Occasions遭遇其他情况时的表述
 
1.Correcting the Title of the Presentation修改presentation的标题


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