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book summary与chapter summary写作指导(双语版)

时间:2015-01-30 12:03来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:qwe123qwe 点击:
小编以summary写作特点为切入点,重点讲述了故事梗概及章节概述的写作要点。希望大家通过阅读此文,可以对概要写作有进一步的认识。从而写出更好地summary文章。
1.summary意思很容易理解

小编先说下概要的定义,让大家对概要写作有个简单的认识。

概要就是用你自己的话,将一段话、一篇文章、一个章节或一本书进行简要的叙述。概要写作的特点是简洁、全面、准确、连贯、客观。(可参考summary意思解释)
 
By summary,we mean a brief restatement,in your own words,of the content of a passage,an article,a chapter or a book.A summary should be brief,complete, accurate coherent and objective.  
 
2.summary写作注意的要点
 
Brief: omit unnecessary details like examples,explanations and other unimportant information.

简洁:不要将举例、说明或其他不重要的以及不必要的细节写进概要里。 
 
Length:1/4---1/3 of the original text  
 
长度:是原文的1/4或1/3。
 
Complete: to include all the main and supporting points delivered in your own words in a condensed manner.  
 
全面:用自己的话将内容要点以精简的方式写出来。
 
Accurate: to give the same attention and stress to the points as the author does.  
 
准确:要点写作注意是写原作的观点和态度。
 
Coherent: rather than an outline listed as key words and phrases, a summary is a paragraph with necessary transitions and function structures to make it flow.  
 
连贯:与只列举重点词或词组的描述不同,概要写作以段落为单位,过渡词的使用不可或缺,这样的结构让文章读起来更通顺。
 
3.好啦,现在大家对概要写作有了一定的认识,那么小编就开始说说book summaries怎么写吧。

What are book summaries?A summary by definition is something that is comprehensive yet brief. A book summary, therefore, consists of the most important elements of a work. It retells (in condensed wording) a book’s beginning, rising action, climax, falling action, and ending. Good book summaries also capture essential elements about the central characters and the setting or settings in which the action unfolds.
 
故事概要是什么呢?首先,概要的定义是用简明、确切的语言记述事物。那么故事概要呢,就是把一部作品最关键的部分拿出来组成文章。用简明的措辞,把故事的开端,发展,高潮,结尾复述出来。一篇可读性强的故事概要还应写明主角的基本特点及故事展开的背景。
 
When you have read a well-written summary, you ought to be able to say in your own words what the book is generally about, who the main characters are, and where it takes place. Imagine going to a bookstore or a library. You might have forgotten the name of the book, but you can recall enough of the pertinent information to help the clerk or librarian find the book for you.
 
读完一篇写作上乘的故事概要,应该就可以做到,用自己的话来讲述一本书的基本内容啦,譬如主角都有谁,事情在哪发生等等。假如来到了一家书店或图书馆,即便你忘掉了书的名字,只要回忆出足够的信息,就可以请店员或图书管理员帮助你找出目标书目。
 
So,a book summary should be snappy and to the point. It contains the core elements of the book and a short framework of the storyline. Sum up the main points without losing the context; be perceptive in exposing the heart of the book. Get to the central theme promptly. Cut away nonessential detail and leave behind a crisp explanation of the story.
 
所以简单总结的话,故事梗概写作要不蔓不枝、扼要贴题。概要内容要有核心要素及简要情节介绍,要点全且不失语境;开门见山地点明故事的中心思想,删除细节,只留主要观点。
 
4.说完了故事梗概的写作特点,小编顺便再小议下chapter summaries的特点和作用吧。
 
What are chapter summaries?A chapter summary is a condensed version of the major action in a book. A chapter summary will provide key points of action in the narrative, identify primary (and sometimes secondary) characters, and convey where the action takes place. Later chapter summaries may also briefly revisit events that transpired in earlier chapters.
 
章节概述如何定义呢?章节概述就是一本书主要内容之精华,讲述故事的重点,点明首要角色、次要角色,写清故事发生的地点。后面的章节概述可能还会简要回顾发生在前几个章节里的事件。
 
Chapter summaries are useful because they can help you recall a key event or character that you need to include in an essay or a book report.
 
章节概述非常有用,因为章节概述可以帮助你回忆起论文或读书报告中需要用到的重要事件或关键人物。


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