代写 TAG标签
网站地图
case study literature review Research ProposalSummary范文 Reference格式 presentation report格式 PEST分析法
返回首页

Summary范文:Reflective Summary反思性总结写作参考

时间:2021-06-28 10:03来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:cinq 点击:
Summary怎么写?主要取决于课程中所要求的Summary是什么?这次针对Reflective Summary,反思性总结这一类型,提供一篇 Summary,主要内容是批判性地审视伦敦建筑中的后现代主义,并且提供相对应的图片进行描述,从整体上审视和细化伦敦的教育体系,是一篇典型的国外大学课程作业所必要的Reflective Summary格式,供参考。
Summary怎么写
Summary怎么写
 
Reflective Summary 反思性总结
制作这段视频是为了批判性地审视伦敦的概念和空间格局,就像一个城市中的许多城市一样。我们采取了后现代都市主义的观点,使用图像的地方作出分析。必须指出的是,后现代主义这个词本身就是一个备受争议的话题。关于被描述为后现代主义的条件到底是独特的还是新的,或者说这些条件是否存在,存在着许多争论。对我们来说,围绕这个术语的争论足以证明,作为嵌入式研究人员,我们必须考虑与这个术语相关的想法。因此,这一术语已成为一种思考城市化问题的方式不可或缺的名称,这显然与我们有关。这段视频展示了社会和都市主义如何在伦敦交汇,以及后现代主义的概念。该视频融合了城市的硬和软特征,重点关注城市生态、经济、宗教、旅游、教育、零售、体育和政治八个关键方面。在芝加哥学派的同心地带理论的基础上,我们详细描述了伦敦的社会空间,这些空间可以形象地定义城市本身。我把伦敦作为一个教育城市。             
我最初的做法是从整体上审视和细化伦敦的教育体系,但很快就意识到这太雄心勃勃了。所以我决定只包括高等教育机构。在2011年的人口普查中,接受高等教育的学生占伦敦总人口817万的4.7%。2013年,伦敦的大学吸引了超过10万名国际学生,以及来自英国其他地区的6.2万名学生;此外,英国24%的国际学生在伦敦学习。通过我的研究,我发现这也是一项任务,因为伦敦有大约40所高等教育机构。我不得不为我的视频缩小最具标志性的机构的范围,并决定最古老的机构将是最具标志性的。因此,我研究了三个最古老的机构,国王学院1829成立,伦敦大学成立于1836,伦敦政治经济学院(LSE)成立于1895。这些学校有着悠久的历史和独特的架构,我认为这对整个项目是重要的。这些大学都位于伦敦市中心,距离旅游区不远。由于唯一可行的交通工具似乎是地铁,这给交通便利带来了一些困难。所以我做了相应的计划,首先从国王学院开始。
The video was produced to critically examine the concept and spatial pattern of London as many cities in one. We took a postmodern urbanism view using iconographic place making analysis. It must be stated that the term postmodernism in itself is a highly debated topic (Crook, 1992). There exits much debate about whether the conditions described as postmodern are at all unique and new, or if said conditions even exist (Best and Kellner, 1992). For us, the very debate surrounding the term is evidence enough that as embedded researchers we must consider the ideas associated with the term. Thus, the term has become an indispensable name for a way of thinking about urbanism, which clearly concerns us. The video showcases how social and urbanism intersect and the concept of postmodernism in London. The video incorporates hard and soft features of the city, focusing on eight key aspects of urban ecology, economic, religious, tourist, education, retail, sports, and political. Expanding on the concentric zone theory by the Chicago School, we detailed social spaces of London that could iconically define the city on their own. I focused on London as an educational city.
My initial approach was to examine and detail London’s education system as a whole, but quickly realized this was too ambitious. So I decided to only include the higher education institutions. Higher Education students make up 4.7% of London’s total population of 8.17 million estimated in the 2011 Census. In 2013 London’s universities attracted over 100,000 international students, and 62,000 from the rest of the UK; additionally, 24% of all international students in the UK were studying in London (London Higher, 2013). Through my research I found this to be quit a task as well, since London has approximately 40 higher education institutions. I had to narrow down what would be the most iconic institutions for my video, and decided the oldest institutions would be the most iconic. So I research the three oldest institutions, King’s College Founded in 1829, University of London Founded in 1836, and London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) Founded in 1895. These schools have a long history and distinct architecture which I thought was important to the overall project. The universities were all centrally located in the heart London with the tourist spaces a short distance away. This posed some difficulties in the ease of access, since the only viable transport seemed to be the subway. So I planned accordingly, first starting with King’s College.
King’s College is organised into nine academic schools, spread across four Thames-side campuses in central London. I decided to film on the Strand Campus, which is the founding campus of King’s College. Once I began filming I started by detailing the architecture, and spaces within the campus. The most prominent building on the campus was the Somerset House East Wing. This was contrasted by the postmodern architecture of the entrance to the main reception building, and remodelled facade facing Strand St. (See Plate 1). This mix of architecture was interesting, and a good example of defined periods in English history. I started with architecture because contained within each of these two buildings is the respective ideologies of neoclassicism and postmodernism (Jencks, 2002). The architecture provides a clear example of the visual aesthetics associated with each movement, and a concrete reflection of the culture and economic conditions from which it arises. Walking around the campus I had the feeling of exclusion, as the area was gated and there was a stark difference in the social aspect of the space, and social aspect outside the gate just a few meters away. In contrast, LSE less than a block away has a feeling of inclusion and openness.
Plate 1. Contrasting architecture of Somerset House East Wing, and the main reception building.
The London School of Economics and Political Science campus at Clare Market and Houghton Street in Westminster was my second filming location. The openness of the campus is due to its ownership of adjacent buildings, creating an almost continuous campus between Kingsway and the Royal Courts (See Plate 2). The architecture was modern, and walking through the campus felt like walking on a regular London street. However, there were spaces of student culture, which felt different and unique from off campus. These spaces had various arts, student made posters, and seating areas. There is current renovation occurring at the school that may be postmodern, but is not visible.
Plate 2. LSE campus at Houghton St. and Aldwych.
The third and final site filmed was the University of London (See Plate 3). London is the second-largest university by number of full-time students in the United Kingdom, with around 135,000 campus-based students (London Higher, 2013). The main criticism of urban ecology is that it neglects the role of culture in its analysis of the social structure of a city. Another criticism is that the theory is overly simplistic, taking no account of class, race, gender and ethnicity (Best and Kellner, 1992). When filming on this campus I decided to address this by taking a social approach, and filmed the cultural aspects of the students in the campus spaces. Although the campus is relatively open like LSE, there is a feeling of exclusion when walking through the space. In and around the university the student culture is very apparent. The demographics of the students were diverse with no sign of a dominate race or sex, creating a multi-cultural space. Additionally the local shops in the area catered to the students, indicating a symbiotic relationship with the students driving the economy in the area (Clarke, 2003).
Plate 3. University of London campus at Gower St.
As the finished film was put together we begin to see that postmodernism is not purely an aesthetic style, but something more. This something more includes cultural and economic conditions. More precisely, Postmodernism names a change in the cultural and economic conditions that help to constitute the western world.

References 参考文献
Best, S. and Kellner, D. (1992) Postmodern Theory: Critical Interrogations, New York, Guilford Publications
Clarke, D. (2003) Consumer Society and the Postmodern City, London, Routledge
Crook, S. (1992) Postmodernization, London, Sage
Dear, M. and Flusty, S. (2002) Spaces of Postmodernity, Oxford, Blackwell
Gane, N (2002) Max Weber and Postmodern Theory, London, Palgrave
Jencks, C. (2002) The New Paradigm in Architecture: The Language of Post-modern Architecture. 7th ed. New Haven: Yale University Press
Kaplan, A. (1988) Postmodernism and its Discontents, London, Verso

Summary的类型众多,不仅可以作为论文的一部分,也可以独立成文,例如上文所展示的Reflective Summary。一般是作为课程作业,针对某一个命题进行调查总结。无论是论文中的Summary写作,还是Reflective Summary格式,本站都可以提供相应的指导服务。


推荐内容
  • 英国作业
  • 美国作业
  • 加拿大作业
  • 英国essay
  • 澳洲essay
  • 美国essay
  • 加拿大essay
  • MBA Essay
  • Essay格式范文
  • 澳洲代写assignment
  • 代写英国assignment
  • Assignment格式
  • 如何写assignment
  • case study
  • literature review
  • Research Proposal
  • Summary范文
  • Reference格式
  • presentation
  • report格式
  • PEST分析法
  • Admission Essay
  • Personal Statement
  • Motivation Letter
  • Application Letter
  • recommendation letter