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英国Assignment格式:Social Norm, Poverty Measurements and Climate Change

论文价格: 免费 时间:2023-02-18 19:38:45 来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:留学作业网

英国Assignment格式-社会规范、贫困测量与气候变化。本文是一篇英国留学生assignment写作格式,这项研究侧重于两篇文章之间的对比:蜂王现象和预测社会整合的强化学习信号。从蜂王现象来看,女性将自己同化为男性主导的组织。他们通常通过与初级学院保持距离来做到这一点,这种活动会造成性别不平等。另一方面,在强化学习中,社会整合是基于神经机制的,这些神经机制坚持强化学习的原则,从而实现整合。以下就是这篇英国Assignment格式范文的具体内容,供参考。

英国Assignment写作

Conformity to social norms. 符合社会规范

Introduction 引言

The study focuses on the contrast between two articles: the queen bee phenomenon and The Reinforcement Learning Signal, which predicts social conformity. From the queen bee phenomenon, women assimilate themselves into organizations that men mainly rule. (Deaton, 2005). They often do this by distancing themselves from the junior colleges, an activity that creates gender inequality. On the other hand, in reinforcement learning, social conformity is based on neural mechanisms that adhere to the principles of reinforcement learning such that conformity is achieved.

Participants 参与者

Result evaluation on queen bee phenomenon was done by comparing the neural activity of poseurs. (i.e., people who easily comply to group opinion and dissenters, that is, people who do not easily comply to group opinion.)

结果通过比较装模作样者的神经活动对蜂王现象进行了评价。(即容易服从群体意见的人和持不同意见的人,即不容易服从群体观点的人。)

Design 设计

The research found a link between fMRI activity and the social dimension of the "group" when it came to task compliance. prescriptive group scores were supplanted with computer-generated reviews in an unsociable variant of the exploratory framework.

研究发现,当涉及到任务遵从性时,fMRI活动与“群体”的社会维度之间存在联系。在探索性框架的一个不可交际的变体中,规定性的小组评分被计算机生成的评论所取代。

Group-level random effect model analysis was applied to the individual contrasts. Group evaluations in dispute and non-conflict trials were compared to determine the main importance of social conflict. All conflicting group ratings were compared before and after conformity in order to determine the primary impact of compliance.

将组水平随机效应模型分析应用于个体对照。比较了争议和非冲突审判中的群体评估,以确定社会冲突的主要重要性。为了确定合规性的主要影响,在合规前后比较了所有冲突的组评分。

Since it gives the impression that women's lower status is their own fault, the "queen bee" phenomenon has a significant effect on the current state of gender discrimination.

由于它给人的印象是女性地位低下是她们自己的错,“蜂王”现象对目前的性别歧视状况产生了重大影响。

The queen bee phenomenon is a byproduct of gender discrimination that women face at work, in addition to being the cause of gender disparity. Researchers have discovered that queen bee activity is a response to the discrimination and harm to women's social identities that they may face in male-dominated industries. Tucker (Tucker, 2012). As a result, queen bee behavior is a component of a general self-group distancing response observed in other excluded groups, rather than a distinctively feminine response.

蜂王现象是女性在工作中面临的性别歧视的产物,也是造成性别差异的原因。研究人员发现,蜂王活动是对女性在男性主导的行业中可能面临的歧视和社会身份伤害的回应。因此,蜂王行为是在其他被排斥群体中观察到的一般自我群体距离反应的一个组成部分,而不是一种独特的女性反应。

Conclusion 结论

Finally, the behavior and judgment of other people give information on what is considered expected behavior in these circumstances, as well as what is typically approved or disapproved of by the majority of the population. For instance, If the group is high in extraversion and has more men than women, female leaders are more likely to rise to the top.

蜂王现象是女性在工作中面临的性别歧视的副产品,也是造成性别差异的原因。研究人员发现,蜂王活动是对女性在男性主导的行业中可能面临的歧视和社会身份伤害的回应。因此,蜂王行为是在其他被排斥群体中观察到的一般自我群体距离反应的一个组成部分,而不是一种独特的女性反应。

Poverty and poverty measures 贫困和贫困措施

Poverty measures are used to measure the level of economic well-being in a society. The most common types of poverty measures are those that target income. A poverty threshold must be met to determine whether a family or household is poor, and this can vary from person to person. (Mont., 2009). There are two types of income poverty measures: relative and absolute. (Lockwood, 1999).  When it comes to supplementary measures, such as the one currently used in the United States, they usually aim for precision.

贫困衡量标准用来衡量一个社会的经济福利水平。最常见的贫困措施是以收入为目标的措施。要确定一个家庭或家庭是否贫困,必须满足贫困阈值,这可能因人而异。有两种类型的收入贫困衡量标准:相对和绝对。当涉及到补充措施时,例如美国目前使用的措施,它们通常以精确为目标。

The relative poverty index is the most widely used and quoted social inclusion indicator in the EU. It employs a poverty definition that classifies people as "at risk of poverty" if their household equivalent income is less than 60% of the median household equivalent income in their Member State. (Bonal, 2020.) On the other hand, the term "absolute poverty" refers to a situation in which a person cannot obtain the most necessities for survival and other normal activities. Finally, inequality is the general difference in income among individuals in a country.

相对贫困指数是欧盟最广泛使用和引用的社会包容指数。它采用了一个贫困定义,如果人们的家庭等价收入低于其成员国家庭等价收入中值的60%,则将他们归类为“有贫困风险”。另一方面,“绝对贫困”一词是指一个人无法获得生存和其他正常活动的最必需品的情况。最后,不平等是一个国家中个人收入的普遍差异。

The primary difference between absolute and relative poverty is that absolute poverty is more concerned with biological demands, whereas relative poverty is not. Relative poverty, on the other hand, does not categorize biological necessities in its definition; rather, it compares persons living in the same environment. The lowest percentage of Americans labeled as poor since the federal government began reporting such data in 1959 was 10.5 percent in 2019, according to the relative poverty measure report. (2020, Bonal) As a result, the relative poverty measure considers the cost of food (at today's rates), clothing, shelter, and utilities when setting a threshold level. As a result, there is a distinction between developed and developing countries in terms of relative poverty, but not in terms of absolute poverty.

绝对贫困和相对贫困之间的主要区别在于,绝对贫困更关心生物需求,而相对贫困则不关心。另一方面,相对贫困在其定义中没有对生物必需品进行分类;相反,它比较生活在相同环境中的人。根据相对贫困衡量报告,自1959年联邦政府开始报告此类数据以来,被标记为贫困的美国人比例最低,2019年为10.5%。因此,相对贫困衡量标准在设定阈值水平时考虑了食物(以目前的价格)、衣服、住所和公用设施的成本。因此,发达国家和发展中国家在相对贫困方面有区别,但在绝对贫困方面没有区别。

Despite the relative poverty measure being the most appropriate, it has a few limitations. The main limitation is that income level is not considered under relative measurements. Secondly, absolute poverty, on the other hand, can change, whereas relative poverty can't. For instance, a government can take steps to ensure that all of its citizens can earn more than $1.8 per day, allowing them to afford necessities like food, clothing, and a place to live. (Freistein, 2016). It is, however, extremely difficult for the government to help all people above the poverty level.

尽管相对贫困测量是最合适的,但它也有一些局限性。主要的限制是收入水平不在相对测量范围内。其次,另一方面,绝对贫困可以改变,而相对贫困不能改变。例如,政府可以采取措施,确保所有公民每天的收入超过1.8美元,让他们能够负担食物、衣服和住所等必需品。然而,政府很难帮助所有贫困以上的人。

Finally, poverty is a serious condition that should not be tolerated because of its devastating effects on human life. Efforts should be made to eliminate poverty in our communities by everyone.

最后,贫困是一种严重的状况,不应容忍,因为它对人类生活造成了破坏性影响。每个人都应该努力消除我们社区的贫困。

Climate change 气候变化

International climate change conferences have made significant progress in recent years. The Earth is heating up quickly, and the repercussions could be anything from severe to disaster, based on the source of information. (Dimitrov, 2016). Over the next century, effective solutions to this pressing global issue should be discovered. international agreement expands on its convention by bringing all nations together to make a joint effort in tackling climate change. The responsibility of curbing the global warming lies squarely on the high polluting countries,

Over time, England has been one of the world's most affected   by global warming. (Egbu, & Goulding, 2013). This is due to presence of nicotine processing company in the country. Climate change has been exacerbated by decades of industrial activity in the 1800s and 1900s, which resulted in significant amounts of greenhouse gas emissions from the company across as England. “As part of the landmark Climate Change Act of 2008, we agreed to reduce our nation's emissions by 80% by 2050 in comparison to levels in 1990”. (Agreement, 2017) As a result, a Climate Change Committee was established, tasked with recommending carbon budgets.

近年来,国际气候变化会议取得了重大进展。根据信息来源,地球正在迅速升温,其影响可能从严重到灾难。在下一个世纪,应该找到解决这一紧迫全球问题的有效办法。国际协议通过将所有国家聚集在一起共同努力应对气候变化,扩大了其公约的范围。遏制全球变暖的责任完全在于高污染国家,随着时间的推移,英国一直是世界上受全球变暖影响最大的国家之一。这是由于该国存在尼古丁加工公司。在19世纪和20世纪,数十年的工业活动加剧了气候变化,导致该公司在英国各地排放大量温室气体。“作为2008年具有里程碑意义的气候变化法案的一部分,我们同意到2050年将我们国家的排放量与1990年的水平相比减少80%”。因此,成立了一个气候变化委员会,负责建议碳预算。

Taking into account the fact that nicotine processing company is also the America. highly industrialized country with industries emitting carbon, it is an among the highest contributors of global warming. In 2018, the United States emitted 5.41 million tons of carbon dioxide, currently the second CO2 emitter in the world. (Jiang, 2019). This means that, in order to curb climate change, united states must first make a step in adopting the global worming control measures.

考虑到尼古丁加工公司也是美国这一事实。高度工业化的国家,工业排放碳,是全球变暖的最大贡献者之一。2018年,美国排放了541万吨二氧化碳,目前是全球第二大二氧化碳排放国。这意味着,为了遏制气候变化,美国必须首先采取全球虫蛀控制措施。

 Nicotine processing company is also in china. It  contributes immensely to the global warming in china. When it comes to making an attempt of curbing the climate change, the countries with the highest record of global pollution should take the first step.( Ciais,.&, Bai,2015).  according to 2018 statistics on the on gas pollution, china was ranked to be the highest producer of carbon dioxide. In order to curb global warming, high carbon dioxide emitting nations should take the first chance. 

尼古丁加工公司也在中国。它对中国的全球变暖做出了巨大贡献。当试图遏制气候变化时,全球污染记录最高的国家应该迈出第一步。根据2018年的天然气污染统计数据,中国被列为二氧化碳排放量最高的国家。为了遏制全球变暖,二氧化碳排放量高的国家应该抓住第一个机会。

To summarize, the international Paris Agreement does not cover all of the necessary remedies for reducing global warming. The solution requires the action to be taken by the core carbon dioxide emitting nations. Nations like United Kingdom, united states and china are the ones which should take the first step in curbing global warming by regulating emission of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

Assignment范文总结《巴黎协定》并未涵盖减少全球变暖的所有必要补救措施。解决方案需要核心二氧化碳排放国采取行动。像英国、美国和中国这样的国家应该采取第一步,通过控制向大气排放二氧化碳来遏制全球变暖。本站提供各国各专业留学生Assignment写作指导服务,如有需要可咨询本平台。


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