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留学生MBA作业:Corporation Abuse of Power Against Stakeholders

论文价格: 免费 时间:2022-08-31 10:42:02 来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:留学作业网

留学生MBA作业-公司对利益相关者滥用权力。本文是一篇国外大学MBA课程作业范文,主题:可以说“大公司对利益相关者滥用权力,如客户、员工、供应商、公众、社区”。你同意还是不同意?解释你的答案是什么,MBA作业要求讨论是什么促成了你的决定,以及你是如何得出结论的。你要为你的案例提供一个清晰合理的论据,该论据有强大的学术理论支持你的想法,并有实例支持你的观点。下面是这篇留学生MBA作业的全部内容,供参考。

留学生MBA作业

Topic: It could be said that “large corporations abuse their power against stakeholders e.g. customers, employees, suppliers, public, communities”. Do you agree or disagree? Explain what your answer is and discuss what has contributed to your decision and how you have reached your conclusion. You are to include a clear and rational argument for your case that has strong academic theory to support your thinking and examples to back it up.
Introduction 引言
Stakeholders alludes to those people or a gathering who has personal stake in the result or the consequences of the body of a work in an association. (Johnson, Scholes, and Whittington, 2008) characterized Stakeholders as the ” people or small groups who depend on the organisation to fulfil their own goals and on whom, in turn, the organisation depends”. They might be effectively engaged with the task and may have an enthusiasm on the aggregate execution or fruition of the undertaking. They have the ability to apply positive or negative impact over the task, its expectations and its group members (Bourne, 2009). Henceforth Stakeholders can be called as the key individuals engaged with an undertaking. They have an enthusiasm for the execution of the task, getting the endorsements and assets, and they additionally have a stake in the venture result. In spite of the fact that they might not have an official job on the venture, these are the general population who will at last gauge the achievement or failure of a task (Koning, 2009).
利益相关者指的是那些与协会中某项工作的结果或后果有个人利害关系的人或集会。将利益相关者描述为“依靠组织实现自己目标的人或小团体,而组织反过来又依赖于他们”。他们可能有效地参与任务,并可能对任务的总体执行或成果抱有热情。他们有能力对任务、任务期望及其团队成员施加积极或消极影响。此后,利益相关者可以被称为参与企业的关键个人。他们热衷于执行任务,获得认可和资产,此外,他们在风险投资结果中也有股份。尽管他们可能没有在企业中的正式工作,但这些人最终将衡量一项任务的成败。
So, this Essay aims to explain that stakeholders are abused by large corporations in 21st century by supporting with different illustration. The opinion of the majority of businesses’ is that employees, customers, shareholders and suppliers are key organizational stakeholders. While obligations to these stakeholders are sometimes regarded as motivated by organizational self-interest, the ethical perspective asserts the correctness or wrongness of certain firm actions regardless of social or stakeholder obligations. Customers are key stakeholders that help establish the firm’s reputation and identification. Procter and Gamble, for example, is today considered a world powerhouse driven by the textbook market with billions of dollars of brands like Bounty, Olay, Tide, Crest and Folgers. Understanding customer needs and wants and providing customers with high-quality products are the key to the company’s success. (Academy of Management Executive. 2004. Vol. 18. No. 2 )
因此,本文旨在通过不同的例证说明利益相关者在21世纪被大公司滥用。大多数企业的观点是,员工、客户、股东和供应商是关键的组织利益相关者。虽然对这些利益相关者的义务有时被视为是由组织自身利益驱动的,但伦理观点主张某些公司行为的正确性或错误性,而不管社会或利益相关者义务如何。客户是帮助建立公司声誉和身份的关键利益相关者。例如,宝洁(Procter and Gamble)如今被认为是一个由教科书市场驱动的世界巨头,拥有数十亿美元的品牌,如邦蒂(Bounty)、玉兰油(Olay)、汰渍(Tide)、佳洁士(Crest)和福格斯(Folgers)。了解客户需求,为客户提供高质量的产品是公司成功的关键。
Role of Stakeholder in Large Corporations 利益相关者在大公司中的作用
A company stakeholder is responsible for the company’s results (positive or negative). A stakeholder may also have invested in the company, which also causes it to be interested in the success or failure of the company. Stakeholders have different roles within a company, and this depends on the rules, titles and responsibilities that are laid down either when the company was first established or when the company grows.
公司利益相关者对公司的结果(正面或负面)负责。利益相关者也可能对公司进行了投资,这也使其对公司的成败感兴趣。利益相关者在公司中有不同的角色,这取决于公司成立或成长时制定的规则、头衔和责任。
Stakeholders may be responsible for voting on major changes in the company. Stakeholders such as the Board of trustees can elect management to take all the important decisions on their own. Stakeholders can even hold important executive positions where they can report directly to the Chief Financial Officer, CEO or president. The manager may be a stakeholder in certain departments because his decisions can lead to the success or failure of the performance of that department, and the management may be responsible for hiring staff in that department. Stakeholders are generally responsible for maintaining or achieving investment returns. Sometimes you can make the investment on a consistent basis over time. For instance, the consistent investment of one company in stocks is an example of a stakeholder who continually increases its stake in the company. Stakeholders must constantly ensure that their business decisions do little to damage society and the environment. You can choose to use an alternative resource if you realize that existing resources are scarce. Stakeholders can donate money to a nation in need or they can choose to limit their resource depletion or the exploitation of workers at a certain area (such as a third world country). They constantly monitor the decisions taken by the company to ensure that the public interest always takes precedence over profit.
利益相关者可能负责对公司的重大变更进行投票。董事会等利益相关者可以选举管理层自行做出所有重要决策。利益相关者甚至可以担任重要的执行职务,直接向首席财务官、首席执行官或总裁汇报。经理可能是某些部门的利益相关者,因为他的决定可能导致该部门绩效的成败,管理层可能负责雇用该部门的员工。利益相关者通常负责维持或实现投资回报。有时你可以在一段时间内持续投资。例如,一家公司对股票的持续投资就是利益相关者不断增加其在该公司股份的一个例子。利益相关者必须不断确保他们的商业决策不会对社会和环境造成什么损害。如果您意识到现有资源稀缺,可以选择使用替代资源。利益相关者可以向有需要的国家捐款,也可以选择限制他们的资源消耗或对某一地区(如第三世界国家)工人的剥削。他们不断监控公司的决策,以确保公共利益始终高于利润。
Relations between Stakeholders and large corporations 利益相关者与大公司之间的关系
Unlike shareholders interested in return dividends and share price growth, stakeholders have a wide range of interests in the operation of companies. Freeman (1984) stated that ” any group or individual that can influence or is affected by the achievement of the objectives of the organization ” is a stakeholder. The main goal for companies is to maximize profit and growth but now a day’s companies are more focused on maximization of profit, which is why I agree to some extent that large companies abuse their power against stakeholders.
与对回报、股息和股价增长感兴趣的股东不同,利益相关者在公司运营中拥有广泛的利益。弗里曼指出,“任何能够影响或受组织目标实现影响的团体或个人”都是利益相关者。公司的主要目标是利润最大化和增长最大化,但现在一天的公司更注重利润最大化,这就是为什么我在某种程度上同意大公司对利益相关者滥用权力的原因。
Customers ” provide the company with a livelihood in the form of revenue ” (Freeman, 1984). Companies rely on customers because they indirectly finance the development and growth of companies. Customers, however, want value for money and’ cheap’ prices. Many companies take advantage of customers and thus gain supernormal / abnormal profits. For instance, Nike is one of the world’s top sports clothing brands, but for years Nike have been dogged by allegations of sweatshops and child labour. Workers in the Sukabumi plant, approximately 60 miles from Jakarta, say that supervisors often throw shoes at them, slap them in the face, kick them and call them dogs and swine. Nike workers ‘kicked, slapped and verbally abused’ at factories making Converse (Daily Mail, 2011).
客户“以收入的形式为公司提供生计”。公司依赖客户,因为客户间接为公司的发展和增长提供资金。然而,客户需要物有所值和“便宜”的价格。许多公司利用客户,从而获得超常/异常利润。例如,耐克是世界顶级运动服装品牌之一,但多年来,耐克一直受到血汗工厂和童工的指控。距离雅加达约60英里的Sukabumi工厂的工人说,主管经常向他们扔鞋,扇他们耳光,踢他们,并称他们为狗和猪。耐克员工在匡威工厂被踢、打耳光和辱骂。
Even the Apple a well know world’s best smartphone manufacturer seems to be exploiting the workers. Workers were asked to stand for 12-hour shifts with only two breaks of 30 minutes, six days a week, claimed by China Labour Watch, a non-profit organization. Staff allegedly worked for an average of 69 hours a week without adequate protective equipment at risk from chemicals, noise and lasers. Apple had a limit of 60 hours of work per week (Garside and Arthur, 2013). Not only the Apple but even Samsung seems to be exploiting its worker in the china. Samsung Electronics, the world’s largest mobile and smartphone manufacturer, is accused of exploiting younger workers and using factories in China, where some employees have been physically and verbally abused, and forced to work over 100 hours of overtime per month (The Guardian, 2012). Not only the employees but suppliers of large supermarkets like Tesco and Sainsbury are being exploited by bullying and putting small suppliers at risk. For example, “Britain’s powerful supermarkets have been accused of bullying farmers and food producers in order to keep costs low” (Hall, 2007) and Reckitt boss slams Tesco for endangering small suppliers in UK (Leyland, 2008). Therefore, from the above examples it is evident that workers and suppliers of different large firms and factories are being exploited and are ill-treated, which should avoid as stakeholders are vital for the growth and progress of large corporations.
即使是众所周知的世界上最好的智能手机制造商苹果公司似乎也在剥削工人。非营利组织中国劳工观察称,工人们被要求每周6天,每班12小时,每周只休息两次,每次30分钟。据称,工作人员平均每周工作69小时,没有足够的防护设备,面临化学品、噪音和激光的危险。苹果公司每周工作时间限制为60小时。不仅苹果,甚至三星似乎都在剥削其在中国的员工。全球最大的移动和智能手机制造商三星电子被指控剥削年轻工人,并使用中国的工厂。在中国,一些员工受到身体和语言虐待,每月被迫加班超过100小时。特易购(Tesco)和塞恩斯伯里(Sainsbury)等大型超市的员工和供应商都受到欺凌,并将小供应商置于风险之中。例如,“英国强大的超市被指控为了保持低成本而欺负农民和食品生产商”,而Reckitt boss抨击乐购危及英国的小供应商。因此,从上述例子中可以明显看出,不同大公司和工厂的工人和供应商受到剥削和虐待,这应该避免,因为利益相关者对大公司的成长和进步至关重要。       
Conclusion 结论
In conclusion, it can be seen by the above examples that large corporations abuse their power against stakeholders like customers, employees, suppliers etc. The main reason behind the exploitation of the stakeholders is the profit maximization of firm due to which firm forgets about the fact that company and its stakeholders should go hand in hand for the sustaining. This essay has demonstrated that Understanding Stakeholders needs and wants and providing them whatever company can give are the key to the company’s success (Academy of Management Executive. 2004. Vol. 18. No. 2). But stakeholders’ benefits are not taken into consideration like Apple and Samsung who exploit’s their workers (Garside and Arthur, 2013) and large supermarkets like Tesco and Sainsbury abuses their suppliers (Hall, 2007). So, the large corporations need to take care of their stakeholders as they are the part of business and any harm to them can be affected on business. The evidence in this essay has led me to agree that large businesses abuse their power over stakeholders.
从上述留学生MBA作业中的例子可以看出,大公司滥用权力侵害利益相关者,如客户、员工、供应商等。利益相关者被剥削的主要原因是公司的利润最大化,因此公司忘记了公司及其利益相关者应该携手合作以实现可持续发展的事实。这篇文章表明,了解利益相关者的需要和愿望,并为他们提供公司能够提供的一切,是公司成功的关键。但利益相关者的利益并未得到考虑,比如苹果和三星利用其员工的利益,以及特易购和塞恩斯伯里等大型超市滥用其供应商的利益。因此,大公司需要照顾他们的利益相关者,因为他们是业务的一部分,对他们的任何伤害都可能影响业务。本文中的证据使我同意,大型企业滥用其对利益相关者的权力。

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