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留学生essay范文作业——Group Work Reflection Example

论文价格: 免费 时间:2022-09-23 10:14:31 来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:留学作业网

管理学essay范文——小组反思范例,本文是一篇留学生管理专业的Essay写作格式参考范文。在今天的工作文化和动态的环境中,教育机构和组织要求学生和员工在一定的宽容和协调水平的群体中一起工作,从而证明“团队或团队工作的经验”(Blease, 2006引用Kelly,和P.2007)。学生们被要求小组合作,因为这样可以让学生们互动学习。此外,研究人员报告说,不管主题是什么;与以其他教学形式呈现相同内容相比,以小组形式学习的学生往往能学到更多的东西,并能保持更长时间(Barbara Gross Davis,教学工具)。以下是管理学essay范例写作的全部内容,是一篇符合国外大学Essay写作格式要求的范文,供参考。

管理学essay

In today’s work culture and dynamic environment educational institutions and organizations require students and employees to work together in groups at certain tolerant and coordinative levels, thus proving “experience of working in group or teams” (Blease, 2006 cited Kelly, and P.2007). The students are asked to work in groups as it allows students to learn interactively. Moreover the researchers report that, regardless of the subject matter; students working in small groups tend to learn more of what is taught and retain it longer than when the same content is presented in other instructional formats (Barbara Gross Davis, Tools for teaching). There are number of possible reasons why students are asked to work in small groups. Some of them are as follows:

Generating a broad array of possible alternative points of view or solution to a problem

Giving students a chance to work on a project that is too large or complex for an individual

Allowing students with different background to bring their special knowledge, experience , or skills to a project , and to explain their orientation to others

Giving students a chance to teach others

Giving students a structured experience so they can practice kills applicable to professional situations

对一个问题提出一系列可能的替代观点或解决方案

让学生有机会完成对个人来说太大或太复杂的项目

允许不同背景的学生将他们的专业知识、经验或技能带到一个项目中,并向其他人解释他们的方向

给学生一个教别人的机会

为学生提供结构化的经验,使他们能够练习适用于专业场合的技能

There are numbers of benefits for students working in groups for short period of time or large projects such as:

Students who have difficulty talking in class may speak in a small group.

More students, overall, have a chance to participate in class.

Talking in groups can help overcome the anonymity and passivity of a large class or a class meeting in a properly designed room.

Students who expect to participate actively prepare for class.

Students get prepared for their professional future.

Our group was formed to complete an assignment on a case study “Merged School Business”. The assignment was to critically analyse the case study and to find out the problems in the merger and then provide recommendations on strategies and practices to management.

The purpose of this report is to reflect my experience on our group assignment. In this report I will discuss my experience in relation to formation of our group, organization of work and how did we manage our group work.

Group Formation群体形成

This is the initial stage. This is the time when the group members and the tasks of the group will be decided. Students can form their own groups or either they can be assigned. Our case falls in first category teacher gave us some time to form our group so we selected our group members and formed a group of five. We were familiar to each other faces as we all were class mates; but at that time everyone introduce himself/herself to others. We decided to select a leader to make communication smooth and clear, than we took contact numbers from each other. We also discuss a bit about our group assignment that what needs to be done. Everyone shared their ideas on the project.

这是初始阶段。这是决定小组成员和小组任务的时间。学生可以组成自己的小组,也可以被分配。我们的案例属于第一类,老师给了我们一些时间来组成我们的小组,所以我们选择了我们的小组成员,组成了一个五人小组。我们都是同班同学,彼此很熟悉。但是在那个时候,每个人都向别人介绍自己。我们决定选择一个领导,让沟通更加顺畅和清晰,然后我们互相留了联系电话。我们还会讨论一下小组作业需要做什么。每个人都分享了他们对这个项目的想法。

Organization of Work 工作安排

The first challenge faced after group formation was how to organise the work to complete the task on time. At first stage we divided the task in to smaller pieces and assign these parts to each team member. Developing a time line is the best way to complete the task on time, so we decided for each task when it should be completed. Now all team members know who will do what, in what format and by when. We made our Gantt chart like this:

留学生essay辅导

Understanding and Managing Group Processes理解和管理组流程

In order to perform effectively in a group it is important to understand and manage group processes properly. Some suggestions in this regard are as under:

Group work best if everyone has a chance to make strong contributions to the group project and to the discussion at meetings.

At the beginning of each meeting, decide what you except to have accomplished by the end of meeting.

Select someone from group to write ideas to record all meetings and group’s decisions. Allocate responsibility for group process; in order to do that a group leader can be selected.

Save some time towards the end of the first meeting and periodically as the group continues; to check in with each other on how the process is working.

By following the mentioned group process we proceeded with our group assignment as follows:

Including Everyone and Their Ideas:

We gave a chance to everyone to contribute their ideas about assignment. Our goal was to produce as many ideas as possible. We listened all the ideas carefully and then we mentioned all the ideas sheet so we don’t forget them or they don’t get lost.

By using this approach we improved our group work a lot and did some creative modifications as well.

Group Leadership 团队领导力

Group leadership helps to work group more effectively, so we chosen a group leader. The group leadership helped us in number of ways such as:

Group leader was responsible to monitor that the work is organized to get it done. He was also responsible for understanding and managing group interactions to keep the positive atmosphere.

The leader also encouraged every one’s contributions with an eye to accomplish the work. In order to do this, he observed our group work process to check is the group moving quickly, leaving some people behind? Is it time to shift focus to another aspects of the task?

He also encouraged group interactions and maintained a positive atmosphere.

He also anticipated what information, material or other resources the group needs as it works.

He was also responsible for beginning and ending on time. So he planed work accordingly.

Focusing on Direction关注的方向

After we gathered a large numbers of ideas we categorize and examine them. Then we choose some ideas among all of them. Then we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each of them. We also ask group members to vote for ideas that helped us to eliminate some of them. Moreover based on this voting we rank the ideas in priority order and then finalized them.

在我们收集了大量的想法后,我们对它们进行分类和检查。然后我们从所有的想法中选择一些。然后我们讨论各自的优点和缺点。我们也会让小组成员投票选出一些可以帮助我们消除这些问题的想法。此外,基于这次投票,我们将想法按优先顺序排列,然后最终确定它们。

Making a Decision决断

After everyone’s views are heard and all the points of agreement and disagreement are identified, the group tried to arrive at an agreement that makes sense to everyone. Decisions are an important for group. So we were quiet careful in deciding. Our group made all the decisions based on all members’s input.

Problems困难

Here are some problems which we encountered during our group project:

1. Floundering:

While we were figuring out the work and were trying to decide everyone’s role in the group, the group work got a bit delayed and some work got postponed.

2. Dominating or Reluctant Participants:

Some of the group members were taking more share of the discussion by talking too often by telling lengthy stories and by not letting others finish. While others were speaking rarely as they were having difficulty to get in the conversation.

3. Digressions and Tangents:

As some group members were telling many interesting side stories it was acting as an obstacle in group progress and we were lagging behind out timeline.

4. Getting Stuck:

After giving the case background and highlighting some issues we got stuck at solutions or possible strategic solutions. This problem was moving our group progress down than expected.

Recommendations/Solutions 建议方案

In order to improve the group project and get better results we can give some recommendations to mentioned problems such as:

To avoid delays in work at initial level some sentences can really help such as:

Here’s my understanding of what we are trying to accomplish. Do you all agree?

What would help us move forward: data? Resource?

Let’s take a few minutes to hear everyone’s suggestions about how this process might work better and what we should do next.

In order to discourage dominating people humour can be used. For the people who do not speak non verbal actions such as looking at them can be used to include them in discussion. Moreover asking quiet participant about their thoughts outside the group may lead their participation within group.

In order to stick with main theme of discussion, try to summarize where discussion was before digression.

When a group feels that it is not making a progress they should look on the things which are preventing them from progression.

Conclusion结论

At the end of the project, what matters the most is what we have learned from our group work experiences. During the tenure of working together, situations cropped up and tested us on the scales of making the decisions and handling the pressures and exceptions.

As per Belbin (1993), “Team performance is influenced by the kinds of people making up a group, and testing indicates that certain combinations of personality-types perform more successfully than others” but the key to its implementation is how the team analyzes its performance and then adapts the situation so as the result can be achieved. Team work was definitely one of the most important aspects of our project. We would have been unable to accomplish anything if we had not worked together. Even though the design process was broken up into individual pieces, we often consulted with one another when we ran into difficulties with our work. Team work was definitely one of the most important aspects of this project. We would have been unable to accomplish anything if we had not worked together. Even though the design process was broken up into individual pieces, we often consulted with one another when we ran into difficulties with our work. As a result we managed to achieve a strong outcome thus enhancing our knowledge, competencies and empowering group as a whole.

Belbin(1993)认为,“团队绩效受组成团队的人员类型的影响,测试表明,某些性格类型的组合比其他类型表现得更成功”,但其实施的关键是团队如何分析其绩效,然后适应情况,从而达到结果。团队合作绝对是我们项目中最重要的方面之一。如果我们没有共同努力,我们将一事无成。尽管设计过程被分解成一个个独立的部分,但当我们在工作中遇到困难时,我们经常会互相咨询。团队合作绝对是这个项目最重要的方面之一。如果我们没有共同努力,我们将一事无成。尽管设计过程被分解成一个个独立的部分,但当我们在工作中遇到困难时,我们经常会互相咨询。结果,我们成功地取得了一个强有力的结果,从而提高了我们的知识、能力和赋权的团队作为一个整体。

References参考文献

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