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英国留学生report格式写作范文:Impact of Healthy Lifestyle Choice through Volunteering

论文价格: 免费 时间:2023-11-30 11:16:18 来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:留学作业网

英国留学生report格式写作范文-志愿服务对健康生活方式选择的影响。本文是一篇英国大学report作业写作格式范文,主要内容是讲述多年来英国失业率上升的原因有很多。原因之一是缺乏技能和知识。因此,本篇report提出志愿服务是就业的重要组成部分,因为它有助于提高就业能力,如沟通技能、团队合作、解决问题、计划和组织技能以及自信和更多的技能。因此,本篇report的作者将通过在英国从事志愿服务来研究健康生活方式选择的影响。通过本篇report作者的研究,将确定志愿服务对确保就业的影响,Report将研究年轻人如何选择健康的生活方式,并确定年轻人可以通过志愿服务发展哪些技能,以通过志愿服务提高年轻人的就业能力。有许多关于青年志愿服务的文献综述。在这篇report中,作者将批判性地分析不同的来源,以了解作者对英国志愿者参与健康生活方式选择的影响的看法。以下内容就是这篇英国留学生report格式写作范文,供参考。

report格式写作范文

Report Title: To examine the impact of healthy lifestyle choices through volunteering engagement in the UK 报告标题:通过英国的志愿服务来研究健康生活方式选择的影响

Introduction 引言

Over the years, UK unemployment rose by many reasons. One of the reasons is that lack of skills and Knowledge. Therefore, Volunteering is an essential part of employment because it is helping to increase the employability skills such as communication skills, team work, problem solving, planning and organisation skills and confident and more skills. Therefore, I am going to examine the impact of healthy lifestyle choices through volunteering engagement in the UK. Through my research, I am going to identify the impact of volunteering in securing employment, examine how youths make healthy lifestyle choices and identify what skills youths can develop through volunteering to increase employability skills in youths through volunteering. There are many literature reviews examined about youth volunteering. In this literature review, I am going to critically analyse the different sources for find out the author’s opinion about impact of healthy lifestyle choices through volunteering engagement in the UK.

Duguid, Mundel and Schugurensky (2013) define that Volunteering has for main characteristics which are freely chosen, unpaid, part of organisation, and benefit for the community and more participation in social movements. They also said that volunteering activities tend not to be individually directed, but it is collectively organised. Volunteering enhance employability (Zimmeck, 2010). According to Lukka and Ellis Paine (2001), volunteering includes a wide range of activities, undertaken by a diverse range of people and driven by many different motivations. Volunteering might help to development of ‘work attitudes’ and behaviours (Krahn et al., 2002). Volunteering fits well as one of the range of mechanisms promoted the employability in the UK (Smith, 2010)

本篇report引用了Duguid、Mundel和Schugurensky的定义志愿服务的主要特征是自由选择、无报酬、是组织的一部分、有利于社区和更多地参与社会运动。他们还表示,志愿活动往往不是单独指导的,而是集体组织的。志愿服务提高了就业能力。根据Lukka和Ellis Paine的说法,志愿服务包括一系列广泛的活动,由不同的人进行,并受到许多不同动机的驱动。志愿服务可能有助于培养“工作态度”和行为。志愿服务是促进英国就业能力的一系列机制之一

To identify the impact of volunteering in securing employment 确定志愿服务对确保就业的影响

Thomas (2011) identifies the following positive impact of volunteering for introduced and securing employment.  Volunteering is a great way to get introduced as an employer in an organisation. Volunteering is helping for people specially youth to prove themselves to the employer. Also, it allows gaining valuable work experience, skills, knowledge and expanding network connection .Volunteering help to try different jobs without commitment to the long haul.

Thomas指出了志愿服务对被介绍和确保就业的以下积极影响。志愿服务是在组织中被介绍为雇主的一种很好的方式。志愿服务有助于人们,特别是年轻人,向雇主证明自己。此外,它还可以获得宝贵的工作经验、技能、知识并扩大网络连接。志愿服务有助于尝试不同的工作,而无需长期投入。

According to Musick and Wilson (2007) Volunteering leads to better jobs and they said that, there is major reason why it should improve a person’s changes for getting a better job. The first reason is that, volunteers do better because they apply directly to their job. Also they said volunteer work able to develop one’s changes in the labour market by increasing one’s stock of human capital. Secondly, volunteering builds social networks, which help to get a good job easily. Volunteering forges make a connection to people who might contribute advice, information and further connection and they increase the chances of getting a good job, particularly if those persons have economic and cultural capital. According to their research, it shows that volunteers have many social contracts than non-volunteers because they attend many organisation meetings, have more friends. They have found the following results from the survey of teenage volunteers; 28 percent youth volunteers said help them “get my foot in the door at a place where I would like to work”, 29 percent expected to “make new contacts that might help my future career” and two thirds learned about new career options as a result of their volunteering, and just over half had developed new career goals. Furthermore they observed both occupational status and income have positive effect by volunteering. Average, volunteers earned 7 percentages more than non-volunteers by education, youth development and health.

Report根据Musick和Wilson的说法,志愿服务可以带来更好的工作,他们说,这是为什么它应该改善一个人的变化以获得更好的工作的主要原因。第一个原因是,志愿者做得更好,因为他们直接申请工作。他们还表示,志愿者工作能够通过增加人力资本存量来促进劳动力市场的变化。其次,志愿服务建立了社交网络,这有助于轻松找到一份好工作。志愿者伪造与可能提供建议、信息和进一步联系的人建立了联系,他们增加了找到一份好工作的机会,特别是如果这些人有经济和文化资本的话。根据他们的研究,这表明志愿者比非志愿者有很多社会契约,因为他们参加了很多组织会议,有更多的朋友。他们在对青少年志愿者的调查中发现了以下结果;28%的青年志愿者表示,帮助他们“找到一个我想工作的地方”,29%的人希望“结交可能有助于我未来职业生涯的新朋友”,三分之二的人通过志愿服务了解了新的职业选择,略高于一半的人制定了新的事业目标。此外,他们还观察到,志愿服务对职业状况和收入都有积极影响。在教育、青年发展和卫生方面,志愿者的平均收入比非志愿者高7%。

Duguid, Mundel, and Schugurensky (2013) said that, volunteer work is an important role in nurturing active, critical and engaged citizens and vibrant communities. One study found that, in 2006/7, 6% of volunteers had received qualifications through volunteering (Low et al., 2007).

Duguid、Mundel和Schugurensky表示,志愿者工作在培养积极、关键和参与的公民和充满活力的社区方面发挥着重要作用。一项研究发现,2006/7年度,6%的志愿者通过志愿服务获得了资格。

On other hand, Lake (2016) said that, there are some negative impacts of volunteering such as time commitment, lack of pay, personal conflict and impact on heath. Volunteering can be time consuming and it makes emotional rewarding. Also, Lake said that, volunteering increase the stress or negative emotions in some situations and its lead to deterioration of volunteers’ physical health.

另一方面,Lake表示,志愿服务也有一些负面影响,如时间承诺、缺乏报酬、个人冲突和对健康的影响。志愿服务可能很耗时,而且会带来情感上的回报。此外,莱克说,在某些情况下,志愿服务会增加压力或负面情绪,并导致志愿者身体健康状况恶化。

To examine how youths make healthy lifestyle choices 研究年轻人如何选择健康的生活方式

South, white and Gamsu ( 2013 ) said that, Volunteering can impact positively on many aspects of the volunteer’s own heath such as longevity, adoption of healthy life styles, ability to cope with own ill health, family relationship, quality of life, self-esteem and social support. Also, they said volunteering may reduce stress and depression.

South,white和Gamsu表示,志愿服务可以对志愿者自身健康的许多方面产生积极影响,如寿命、采用健康的生活方式、应对自身健康问题的能力、家庭关系、生活质量、自尊和社会支持。此外,他们说志愿服务可以减轻压力和抑郁。

Astor (2013) believed that, choosing the right place to do volunteer will similar to choosing hobby. This statement shows that, volunteering is a good choice to make healthier lifestyles. It is a fun and easy way to explore the interests and passions.

Astor认为,选择合适的地方做志愿者将类似于选择爱好。这一声明表明,志愿服务是创造更健康生活方式的好选择。这是一种探索兴趣和激情的有趣而简单的方式。

Brueggemann (2013) found volunteering increase the personal growth and well-being, physical health benefits and mental health benefits. Moreover, Volunteering increases youth’s happiness, life satisfaction, self esteem and well-being. It boosts youth’s immune and nervous system and reduces heart rate and blood pressure. Volunteers have less loneliness, sadness and depression. From Breggemann, I can see youth can make healthy lifestyles by volunteering. Similar to Brueggemann, Thoits and Hewitt (2001) said that volunteering provides higher levels of happiness, life-satisfaction, self-esteem, a sense of control over life, and physical health, as well as lower levels of depression.

Brueggemann发现,志愿服务可以增加个人成长和幸福感、身体健康益处和心理健康益处。此外,志愿服务还能提高青年人的幸福感、生活满意度、自尊和幸福感。它能增强年轻人的免疫和神经系统,降低心率和血压。志愿者较少感到孤独、悲伤和抑郁。从Breggemann身上,我看到年轻人可以通过志愿服务创造健康的生活方式。与Brueggemann类似,Thoits和Hewitt表示,志愿服务提供了更高水平的幸福感、生活满意度、自尊、对生活的控制感和身体健康,以及更低水平的抑郁。

To identify what skills youths can develop through volunteering 确定年轻人可以通过志愿服务发展哪些技能

Hillage and Pollard (1998) said that employability is not only about moving into employment; it relates to job retention and skill development.

Hillage和Pollard说,就业能力不仅仅是转移到就业岗位;它与工作保留和技能发展有关。

Godwin (1998) mentioned that, training provides volunteers with good knowledge and skills needed to carry out their assigned tasks successfully. Training provides opportunity for personal growth and improvement to volunteers. Effective listening, analyze information, mange and resolve conflict are very important skills to any jobs. Therefore, youth can develop these skills through volunteering activities.

Godwin提到,培训为志愿者提供了成功完成分配任务所需的良好知识和技能。培训为志愿者提供了个人成长和提高的机会。有效的倾听、分析信息、管理和解决冲突对任何工作来说都是非常重要的技能。因此,青年可以通过志愿活动来发展这些技能。

According to Foster (1998), Volunteering is an excellent way of building up skills and increasing the employability. Foster found through studies, Young people has lacking skills such as initiative, motivation, self- discipline and ability to effective communication. In the same time, more than 75% human resources directors believed from survey that, candidate who listed volunteering on an application form had self-confidence, teamwork skills and communication skills above average. Therefore, youths can improve self-confidence, team work skills and communication skills by volunteering.

本篇report根据Foster的说法,志愿服务是培养技能和提高就业能力的一种很好的方式。福斯特通过研究发现,年轻人缺乏主动性、积极性、自律性和有效沟通能力等技能。同时,超过75%的人力资源主管从调查中认为,在申请表上列出志愿服务的候选人自信、团队合作能力和沟通能力高于平均水平。因此,年轻人可以通过志愿服务提高自信心、团队合作能力和沟通能力。

Similarly, Sequeira (2008) mentioned that, volunteers can develop self motivation from recruiting, training, motivating and rewarding your volunteering. Furthermore, Volunteer can develop organisation skills and increase their flexibility, dedication and reliability from volunteering activities.

同样,Sequeira提到,志愿者可以通过招募、培训、激励和奖励志愿者来培养自我激励。此外,志愿者可以通过志愿活动发展组织技能,提高灵活性、奉献精神和可靠性。

Conclusion 结论

There are number of studies directly have explored the link between volunteering and employability. From the studies, I can identify that, volunteering has number of   positive impact and it will help to get employability. Furthermore, some authors argued volunteering make healthy lifestyles. I agree their arguments because, if youth on volunteering, they spend more time with volunteering activities, and it’s not lead to wrong direction. Therefore, youth can have health life styles by volunteering. According to studies, volunteering makes positive impact to individuals such as enjoyment and well-being and also it is creating positive impact on employability such as skills development. Others said, volunteering is creating negative impact such as time commitment and lack of pay. From overall studies, Volunteering is essential to get better employability.

本篇report总结到,有许多研究直接探讨了志愿服务与就业能力之间的联系。从研究中,我可以发现,志愿服务有很多积极的影响,它将有助于获得就业能力。此外,一些作者认为志愿服务可以创造健康的生活方式。我同意他们的观点,因为如果年轻人从事志愿服务,他们会花更多的时间从事志愿活动,这不会导致错误的方向。因此,青年人可以通过志愿服务获得健康的生活方式。根据研究,志愿服务对个人产生了积极影响,如享受和幸福,也对就业能力产生了积极的影响,如技能发展。其他人说,志愿服务正在产生负面影响,如时间承诺和缺乏报酬。从总体研究来看,志愿服务对于提高就业能力至关重要。本站提供各国各专业report格式范文以及report写作辅导,如有需要可咨询本平台。


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