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英国留学生Assignment写作九大攻略(附Assignment格式5篇例文)

论文价格: 免费 时间:2020-02-02 16:49:53 来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:留学作业网
 
write an essay
 

攻略1:搜集Assignment的课堂原始资料以及关文阅读相献,认真阅读老师提供的资料。不同学科的老师会给出不同的资料查阅范围。比如,有些会规定essay写作中需要有来自3个渠道以上的quotation;有些则指定课堂教材和随堂资料为查阅范围。很多英国老师在发布论文要求时,都会强调资料查阅的重要性,一定要记得写作前的准备工作(Rrewriting)与写作过程本身一样重要;
 

攻略2:基于您的兴趣点来定题目方向,这样有利于您超水平发挥,回忆你上课时候课堂上的知识点,把这些你记忆最深刻的知识论点汇总起来,进入写作正题;


攻略3:当上面两个步骤完成后,开始搭Assignment框架,然后就可以趁热打铁动工写作了,先写主体部分,到修改时候,才考虑细节。用词规范性很重要,尽量多用专业术语,注意规范性用词,少用模糊的艺术性词汇,有必要的话,适当变化用词,每天抽睡眠后最佳的状态后去写作Assignment;

攻略4:欧美的Assignment写作很注重逻辑,必须做到论据充分(佐证/反证)、论点有力,通常会用表示逻辑递进的Firstly、Secondly、Thirdly等连词表示文章逐步推进的关系;

攻略5:搞清楚英国Assignment的基本格式,Assignment通常分为两种形势,一是essay,一是report。二者在格式上有所差别,但大体相同。一篇assignment上面会对写成essay还是report格式作出明确要求。普通Essay的内容可以分为introduction、mainbody、conclusion三个部分。但是更细一些的,很多人并不知晓。首先说introduction,introduction分为thesis staternent和essay map。thesis staternent大部分的人还能明白,就是阐述论文的观点。但essay map很多人并不明白是什么意思。可以较为粗略的来理解,它其实和outline差不多,都属于文章的概述。

攻略6:学会参照别人的论点,然后进行对比总结。只有当写作人参考过大量别人的学术资料和文献以及一些Assignment资料时,写作的人才会不自主的进行对比并完成和自己作业相关的理论结论,基于此,才能形成自己的对这个Assignment的认识,最终达到形成自己的思路的独特观点(即做到与众不同),这便是你的独创性,创新性和独创性是任何文章都最欢迎的。

攻略7:最后面就是Reference啦。一般这是老师最喜欢看的一部分。来看看Reference的注意事项吧!Reference需要重新分一页,Reference之间必须空一行,Reference 排序顺序一般是按字母排序法,后面放的是带网址的Reference,引用了别人的文章一定要注意,引用了别人的原文需要在作者名后面标注(年代和页码);引用了别人的观点就需要在观点后面标注(作者名,年代和页码)。这些小细节都不能省略!
 
攻略8:关于抄袭,想必所有同学都知道欧美作业必须经过TURNITIN系统的查重,为了避免大段照搬,很多教授都会强调段落概括的重要性,要用自己的话去复述,切莫大段抄袭,当你要引用文献中比较大段的话语来论证自己的观点,就需要概括然后用自己的话写出来。因为英国高校对每一位的学生在写作Assignment的时候是很公平的,最后都会上传到系统对论文的抄袭情况做检测,所以你需要在上交论文前最好可以做一次检测,当然市场上有很多可以帮忙做TURNITIN检测的一些论文机构,一定要选择一家比较靠谱且安全性高的服务代理机构了,

攻略9:做Final检查。然后可以找自己的同学针对自己写的Assignment提出一些意见如语法、内容等,当然如果有定期和老师meeting的时间最好请老师做一些点评,以保证论文顺利通过。
assignment例文
 
 
Assignment2 例文1
 
导读:这是一篇计算机专业的assignment范文,讨论了互联网。互联网是靠电脑才称之为互联网的,而电脑,又是当代文明的科技发展产物,于是,大多数人将互联网行业看成是一个高科技行业,将互联网企业看成是以技术为驱动的企业。互联网行业对于技术的要求分为两个层面。在使用者层面上,越简单越好。而在开发者层面上,则会相当复杂。
 
What is the Internet? There is no shortage of people who cite a paragraph from the UN committee on information to prove that "the Internet is the fourth medium". Little did they know that it was simply a blackmail. For the words of the United Nations information commission at that year's meeting were: "the United Nations should disseminate information through a fourth medium, the Internet, in addition to the original print, radio and television media." In essence, it means perfecting the UN website and giving full play to the role of this emerging media. The fourth medium and the fourth medium are different.
 
Others have hailed the "decentralization" of web2.0 to the Internet, and the era of web portals dominating the world is over. In fact, the Internet was born to be "decentralized". Apaches, the predecessor of the Internet, was designed to prevent an enemy attack on a central command center from paralyzing the system. Little did they know that the deeper the decentralisation, the more centralised it becomes: search engines have replaced portals as the centre of today's Internet. The reason is simple: there is so much information that people need an entry to retrieve it.#p#分页标题#e#
 
Others see the Internet as a technological battleground, filled with phrases like "this website is super technical" and "that website is bad". Almost every techie in a web company has ambitious plans to build a technology system that has never been seen before. You know, tencent, China's most profitable Internet company, is not China's most technologically advanced technology company.
 
The Internet is not just a media, not just a speech field, not just a technology kingdom with only "0 and 1" codes. The Internet is a society. If you want to talk about the nature of the Internet industry, then the nature of the industry is the commercial society. It's so bland, so bland, that most people forget when they're actually doing it -- and it turns out the Internet has to follow some of the oldest economic rules.
 
The Internet itself is not as simple as the media, but the website, an important part of the Internet, can be regarded as a kind of media. The core of media economics is two words: size and scope.
 
Economies of scale emerge when the cost of each additional unit of production falls as production expands. This is the essence of the media economy. The more a newspaper is printed, the lower its unit cost will be. And the digital nature of the web makes copying almost costless. In the Internet industry, the Matthew effect of the stronger the stronger is the strongest.
 
The scope of the Internet economy has become extremely clear in this era. If a few years ago you couldn't imagine how baidu could be a competitor to alibaba, then today, alibaba's taobao actually blocks baidu spider's information capture, and baidu has launched its own baifu bao to challenge alipay's status. The network jump of Internet information across regions and industries allows any network enterprise to get involved in any kind of business, and this kind of involvement is very fast.
 
Anyone who has studied a bit of media will find this simple. But if you really understand this, you will know how absurd long tail and abundance are.
 
With the development of modern civilization, the cost of media expansion is very low. Since the early 1980s, when there were only a few channels of television, four newspapers and a thin magazine, the media have developed into the splendid world of today. Supply is so abundant, but demand is still so scarce. Since the Internet is also a business, it must also be an "exchange" : an exchange of unlimited information and limited attention. Even the smartest people have only 24 hours, and the Internet industry faces scarcity, not abundance.
 
Since it is scarce, "efficiency" cannot be avoided. How to focus on yourself in the shortest possible time, and effectively, has become an issue that every Internet company has to worry about. The first option most Internet companies choose is technology.
 
The Internet is called the Internet only by computers, and the computer is the product of the scientific and technological development of modern civilization. Therefore, most people regard the Internet industry as a high-tech industry and Internet enterprises as technology-driven enterprises. For an Internet professional, the popular saying is: the website.
 
There are two levels of technology requirements in the Internet industry. At the user level, the simpler the better. At the developer level, it's pretty complicated. It is reasonable to believe that 90 per cent of people who go online do not actually know what HTTP means or what is called "hypertext" or "database", but this does not affect the increasing number of people accessing the Internet. As one famous person said, you can only eat eggs. Why must you go to see the hen who laid the eggs?
 
Too many Internet users are so numb to technology that they don't care whether a website is written in Php or Java, or whether it's an SQL Server or an Oracle database in the background. But the idea is not to say: develop "programs" that make most users feel easy to use. Because, in general, this is the equivalent of making a really deep technical system.
 
People in the IT community generally agree that FireFox is a better browser than Microsoft because IT is said to have fewer bugs and has a lot of plugins to help the browser do more. It may be stronger than IE, but it does have less market share. The reason for this is that you don't need to download and install Internet explorer, and with FireFox, you have to go online to find the software, and it takes a quarter of an hour to download and install it.
 
The power of business has made IE's market share an important entry point in the Internet world: the number one browser. The power of business also allowed it to defeat Netscape, the first dominant browser. Technology is not everything.
 
Let's take a look at Google, the business marvel of an online society. It took only ten years to grow from a tiny speck to an empire. Many people think this is due to the skill of Sergey Brin and Larry Page, two Stanford computer PHDS, but the truth is that the empire was not built independently by the two men with the ideal of "open freedom" hackers. Behind the organization, there is a flash of business intelligence.
 
In Google's decade, a lot has happened. But two things matter most to the company. The first was the introduction of Sequoia Capital and Kleiner Perkins Caufield&Byers, two venture Capital funds, in its first round of funding. The two funds, which have invested a total of $25m, each put a person on the board: Mike Moritz and John Doerr. They have built behemoths such as Sun, Intuit, Amazon and Yahoo.
 
The second thing that's more important is Eric e. Schmidt joined as chairman and later as chief executive. This gentleman is also known as the "old fox" in American business circles. He once turned Novell into a profitable company.
 
Google's success is not technological, but commercial. Technology and websites are just tools to make money. So, I've never thought of myself as a web site, as an alternative, as a business. It's just that there are artificial houses to do business, and I run websites to do business. Since it is business, I seldom develop things that have no customers but users. Only when there is commercial demand can we enter development, while the business demand that constantly generates cash flow will make development better and make technology, as a money making tool, easier to help make money.
 
Using a variety of technologies, various websites have been created based on various data transfer protocols. There are actually only two kinds of business logic for these websites: advertising, or e-commerce. The former relies on the media properties of the Internet, while the latter USES the Internet to reduce their selling costs. But in any case, the sites compete for users' valuable attention, which can turn into an AD click or a bank card payment.
 
There are all kinds of businesses on the Internet. There are more kinds of businesses than there are in the real world.
 
Since the advent of web2.0 sites such as blogs and SNS, there have been some subtle but profound changes in the online world. That is, there is a second thing about the Internet: people.
 
In the early days of the Internet, there was only information. Because only information can be customized, and only bits can be transmitted. Most people get information online, while a few trained people produce it. In this state of affairs, websites are destined to be as traditional as traditional media even if they are the main source of income from advertising: television sells ratings, newspapers sell circulation, and websites sell traffic.
 
Information, not people, permeates the Internet. As a result, early search engines did not consider registering. Both baidu and Google have launched registration systems in the past two years. And it's precisely because they realize that there are people on the Internet, so, just as people in the real world need an identity certificate, the registration of that person's information becomes extremely important.
 
The shape of the Internet has changed dramatically since then, moving from media or a store to a platform. Google today, it's hard to tell you it as a pure search engine company, its subsidiary, has nearly 60 companies, doing different network services, large and small sites are hard platform around the users, and these large and small platform together, today has become such a network system, in other words, a virtual society.
 
So how do people get on the Internet? There are two channels. The first is self-substitution. Blog is a network product with strong self-substitution characteristics. A person who writes a blog all year round will unconsciously reflect himself or herself on the Internet. From the perspective of readers, he or she will see a real person, not just a few log messages.
 
The second route is self-disclosure. In many websites, users are not willing to disclose their information too much, but in online communities like SNS, too many people not only upload their real pictures, but also take pains to fill in their birthday, graduation school, work unit and even the mottoes they believe.#p#分页标题#e#
 
From the perspective of communication, the audience is not proactive. The audience only knows how to accept the information "pushed". They may have some small freedom to choose which kind of information to accept. However, people are proactive. They will "pull" information, and they will make information and become original communicators. It is also because of the existence of "people" that the information they create is sometimes more credible than the information produced by media organizations.
 
Internet companies are no longer facing the blurry face of the "public", but a live "Internet". Internet companies are changing, too, as they shed their "web businesses" and become one business organization after another that USES the Internet as a business tool: ctrip, for example, defines itself as a travel company, not an online company.
 
The essence of the Internet industry is that it is no longer an industry, but a society.
 
Assignment2 例文
 
【摘要】这是一篇心理学专业的Assignment范文,讨论了情绪和创造力。情绪状态主要是指持续时间较短,容易受到外部环境影响的、较不稳定的情感状态。不同情绪状态对创造力的影响不同,积极情绪能促进创造性活动的原因是能使个体的思路更加发散,回忆起更多、更广泛的信息,并使得在看似无关的信息之间建立新的联系。因此,个体就能更加有效地识别问题,整合各种资源,从而产生更高的创造力。
 
Creativity is the process by which an individual produces new and useful ideas. Novelty is an idea that is more unique than other available ideas. Usefulness is an idea that has direct or indirect value. There is no doubt that creativity is the most powerful driving force for the continuous reform and development of human society. Similarly, creativity is an important guarantee for modern organizations to stand undefeated in the fierce market competition. Therefore, on the one hand, the organization needs to recruit or cultivate employees with high creative potential, on the other hand, it also needs to stimulate the innovation performance of employees through external factors such as policy measures.
 
Among the many factors that influence innovation, the emotional state of employees is the one that deserves the attention of both the research and the industry. Emotional state mainly refers to the emotional state that lasts for a short period of time and is easy to be affected by the external environment. In short, emotional states include positive and negative emotions and different emotional states have different ways of influencing creativity. In addition, emotional disorders can affect individual creativity.
 
Researchers have long believed that positive emotions promote employees' creative activities. As Hirt points out, "individuals in a positive emotional state show more creativity in a range of tasks, but not in other emotional states." This view is supported by many empirical studies. For example, if subjects are asked to generate more ideas instead of completing actual creative products, positive emotions will lead to more creative activities. In addition, the study found that positive emotions help solve innovative problems.
 
The reason positive emotions can promote creative activities is that they can make individuals' thoughts more divergent, recall more and more extensive information, and make new connections between seemingly irrelevant information. Therefore, individuals can more effectively identify problems, integrate various resources, and generate higher creativity. In addition, positive emotional experience will improve individuals' cognitive process and motivation level, so their creative thinking and problem-solving ability will also be improved.
 
Contrary to common sense, negative emotions can also promote employee innovation. Studies have shown that negative emotions play an important role in the creative process. Kaufmann and Vosburg found that individuals with positive emotions had the worst problem-solving performance than those with neutral and negative emotions. This conclusion challenges the notion that positive emotions contribute to innovation. In addition, Szymanski and Repetto found that negative emotions helped solve creative problems in storytelling tasks. Mraz and Runco have also shown that strong negative emotional states are highly positively correlated with problem discovery, and the ability to find and imagine novel and interesting problems is essential for innovation.
 
The findings may seem contradictory, but now researchers agree that in actual creative activities, positive and negative emotions work together to promote employees' innovative performance. However, in view of different types of innovation activities or different stages of innovation activities, positive emotions tend to produce initiative creation, while negative emotions tend to produce reactive creation. In addition, individuals in a positive emotional state performed well in the early creativity of ideas. At the end of a point of view, individuals with negative and neutral emotions performed better.
 
Research on the creativity of individuals with mood disorders also helps to understand the influence of emotional states on creativity. The main mood disorders associated with creativity are: mania, depression. The main manifestations of mania are emotional upsurge, active thinking and increased verbal actions, which are very similar to positive emotional states. Depression, on the other hand, is characterized by depression, sadness, hopelessness, decreased activity, and mental and cognitive delays that are very similar to negative emotional states.
 
Similar to the effect of positive emotion on creativity, manic state also improves individual creativity due to its high emotion and active thinking. Richards and Kinney asked individuals with mood disorders to review and evaluate their emotional states when they were most creative, and the subjects pointed out that when they were most creative, there was a moderate state of pleasure. Hypomania, Jamison reasoned, is the opportunity for most creative thinking to develop. Slater and Meyer's careful analysis of schumann's life shows that his two years of hypomania were the peak of his composing, significantly higher than the depression he experienced. In addition, Jamison found that creative individuals, especially poets, experienced similar psychological, physiological and manic states at the peak of creative output.
 
Other scholars believe that depression, rather than mania, promotes creativity, while positive emotional states only promote individual motivation and have no effect on creative thinking. Richards points out that it may be depression that promotes creative output from artists. In a depressed state, the alienation of the individual from the external environment will promote the creation of new ideas. Artists may create more high-quality works in a depressed state.
 
Like positive and negative emotions, mania and depression have different effects on creativity. Moderate mania and depression are both needed to create, mild mania can provide energy for creative behavior, and moderate depression can provide the necessary critical evaluation for creative results.
 
According to the above, it is clear that positive and negative emotions have different effects on creativity in different leadership styles, working environments, and team discussion environments. Therefore, in the organizational environment, if managers expect to stimulate their creativity by regulating the emotional state of employees, they need to apply these findings appropriately to specific organizational situations.
 
Democratic or charismatic leaders can enhance employees' positive emotions. They genuinely care for their subordinates and give them full authority and trust. Such a leadership style will enhance the motivation of employees to generate new ideas through self-reflection, thus promoting employees to be more creative. Autocratic managers, on the other hand, can trigger negative emotions of employees. Their distrust makes employees merely tools for passive execution, and their emotions are often suppressed. Such a leadership style is obviously not conducive to employees' initiative to generate new ideas, but in this case, if the leaders assign creative tasks to employees in the form of orders, employees will also have better creative performance.
 
A relaxed and pleasant working environment can make employees feel happy and thus improve their motivation to take the initiative. This approach is more appropriate for organizations that require all employees to think actively and interact with each other. At innovative companies like Google and apple, for example, employees are at home, even more comfortable than they are at home. The company has glass blackboards everywhere so that employees can jot down ideas when they are creative. There are many Spaces in the company, such as cafes, where employees can exchange ideas and collide ideas in a friendly and casual manner. However, those stressful working environments often induce negative emotions of employees, which in fact contributes to employees' creative performance. Such methods are more suitable for organizations that require employees to complete creative products in a more specific framework.#p#分页标题#e#
 
For example, at the beginning of the problem discussion, the leader needs to create a good discussion atmosphere, improve the positive mood of employees, encourage employees to raise more ideas, and make them free from constraints and restrictions through brainstorming, so as to contribute their brilliant ideas. In the process, the leader does not need to interfere, interrupt, or question the subordinates. In the later stage of the discussion, namely the implementation and implementation of ideas, leaders need to give employees some pressure and moderate tension, make employees' thinking focus instead of divergence, and give timely criticism or correction, so that employees' final creative performance is the best.
 
Assignment 例文3
文章类型:High School Assignment 高中作业
字数要求:500-800
截至日期:2013-9-30
补充要求和说明:我上传了一个是我在实习期间写的report,希望老师能把它在我resume的internship一栏体现出来。
 
EDUCATION
Purdue University, West Lafayette IN - Hospitality & Tourism Management. GPA 3.51
        
Jinling Hotel & Resorts
 
EXPERIENCE
Math representative                            
•Help teacher set the homework.                                   
•Help teacher hand out papers
 
Librarian of school, summer holiday              
•Enter the new book in a catalogue.                              
•Arrange books on the shelf.
•Help student locate the book.
 
CAMPUS ACTIVITIES/VOLUNTEER 
 
4/2013 “Black Tie” Service, John Purdue Room, Purdue University
3/2012 ISS WOW! Henryville, Indiana Volunteer Day
1/2012 ISS WOW! Volunteer of Martin Luther King Jr. Day, Vinton School’ Library
2011 Feast of the Hunters Moon, Purdue University
2009 Reclaimed used batteries in the community, and acted as leader of recycling team, Jiangsu Yancheng High School
2008 Volunteer for School Sport’s Meeting, one of the members giving performance at the opening ceremony, Jiangsu Yancheg High School
2007 Took part in the 400m relay race and shot-put of School Sports Meeting, Jiangsu Yancheng High School
AWARDS
Certificate of Grade 10 for Piano, awarded by the Musicians’ Association of Jiangsu Province.
 
Assignment 例文4
Assignment 题目:post-colonial nation research paper
论文语言:英语论文 English
论文专业:人文地理
字数:2000
学校国家:美国
是否有数据处理要求:否
论文用于:BA assignment 本科课程作业
截止日期:2013-4-17
补充要求和说明:
 
Our Globalizing World:
Post-Colonial Nations Research Paper Instructions (!Malaysia!!)
-Your task is to write an 8 page paper (double-spaced, 12 point font, I inch margins, plus any tables, graphs, maps, and bibliography. Excluding figures and works cited), studying a post-colonial nation, in which you discuss how its geographical boundaries and society have been shaped by colonial influence, and make an argument about the implications of this for the country today (these implications may be cultural, political, or economic)
 
In this assignment you will focus on how European colonialism has been crucial in shaping our globalizing world by drawing out some ways that European colonialism shaped the borders of post-colonial nations. Many post-colonial nations contain diverse ethnic groups in conflict with one another, and many conflicts are about sub-national communities seeking independence. This assignment is about territory and national identity, and about how all political boundaries have to be understood in historical light.
 
You should not try to summarize everything you find about the country (this is NOT A REPORT), but briefly indicate some ways in which that country’s boundaries were drawn under the influence of colonialism. If indigenous or biophysical boundaries were already in place when European colonists arrived, make sure you discuss how they were interpreted, ignored, or changed by the Europeans. Some of the ways that this might have appended is through exploration and the claiming of land: displacement o f native people; agreements between the colonizing powers and native peoples; power struggles between the European empires; annexation or partition. Consider how the drawing of these boundaries and colonial influences within the country affected that country, both internally, and with respect to its broader relationship with the rest of the world. You must then assess how this colonial legacy has played out for the country in question, making an argument to this effect.
 
COLLECT INFORMATION FOR YOUR RESEARCH PROJECT
 
-Research your topic by consulting statistical sources, books, journal articles, and the Internet.
-Allow this research to guide the development of your thesis statement- do not simply pick sources and quotes that help you make an argument you have already decided upon ahead of time.
-Please not that you are expected to draw widely on research materials available both in conventional form (scholarly books and journal articles, newspaper and magazine articles, government documents (including statistics), etc.) and from the Internet. You may start with resource listed in the required reading for the week on colonialism to obtain some basic background information and suggestions for further reading.
-At a minimum you need to draw on 4 scholarly (i.e. peer-reviewed) publications (excluding required readings), and at least 8 sources in total for the paper as a whole.
-The Internet can be an excellent source of contemporary information, but it also harbors material that is of low quality, unreliable, and has no place in scholarly inquiry. Where Internet sources are consulted, you should exercise care to ensure that material is drawn only from reputable sites.
 
All Internet sources should be cited fully and accurately and should include the date on which the site was accessed. In addition, you need to avoid excessive reliance on Internet sources. No more than one third of references used in this research project should be drawn from the Internet.
 
DEVELOP A THESIS STATEMENT
             
This paper is not to be written as a report. Instead, you must develop an argument related to the country you have selected.
 
-After you have conducted some research on your specific topic, you should be able to form an argument.
-This statement should be a claim that you are making- the paper will be focused on supporting this claim using evidence from a variety of sources.
 
GRADING
The paper will be graded for content, organization, clarity, and coherence of argument and writing, use of source, and grammar spelling and diction.
 
-In terms of content:
1)You offer supporting empirical evidence for your arguments, including, when appropriate, statistical information
2)In your explanations/ interpretations of a particular fact, event, or process, you draw on concepts and explanatory frameworks learnt in scholarly sources.
 
-In terms of organization, we expect the paper to be organized in a way that       allows the reader to easily follow your argument. Moreover, there should be a logical structure to your paper, with each section building on the information you have introduced in the previous section. Organizing the paper around sub-sections with subheadings often makes it easier to accomplish this.
 
HOW TO WRITE AN EFFECTIVE SHORT RESEARCH PAPER
 
.An effective short research paper should have the following components: 
An introduction, which gets the reader’s attention and leads to a purpose statement (e.g., “This paper examines...”) or argument; here, you explain the main claim you are making, and the scope of the paper, and conclude with a summary of the logical structure of the argument to come. The paper should contain a well-defined ‘thesis’ or argument, which should be underlined. This argument must be original; i.e., the argument that you will make. It must be based on information you have gathered from books and journal articles, framed within the conceptual approach we are developing in this course. The structure of the paper should reflect the development of your argument.
 
The main body of the paper, in which you develop the argument in detail, providing references in the text to secondary sources that provide documentation of your argument or that have influenced your thinking and interpretation.#p#分页标题#e#
 
.-The main body of the paper should contain factual information on your topic, explanations of the observed patterns and processes, and a critical discussion of major issues and problems.
.-It should be divided into sections (each of which has at least three paragraphs), each of which should have its own short, descriptive sub- heading. Sections can help make the logical sequence of the argument clear! 

.Any graphs, tables and maps you use in the paper should also be referred to in the text, at the point where you want the reader to be looking at them. The text should include a sentence or two at this point providing a brief summary of what you think the graphs, tables, and maps show. Do not repeat in your essay the detailed contents of a table, but summarize concisely the main point(s) from the table that you want the reader to be aware of. If appropriate, use maps to depict the geographical distribution of some of the factual information on your topic. You can either use already existing maps or produce your own maps, but they must be legible. If the maps, graphs or tables are secondary materials (i.e., you have copied them without change from somewhere else), the original source must be given at the bottom of the figure and in the list of references. If you have prepared them yourself, they should be clear, and you should cite the source of the data you used. All figures, tables and maps should have a title. Graphs should have the axes and units of measurement labeled. Tables should have titles for all the columns and rows, and units of measurement labeled. Graphics should be large enough to give a good visual impression. 

 
.Only use quotes from your cited sources if they make a point more effectively than you can, or if there is a specific statement that you wish to analyze or comment on. Quotes should be as short as possible, and should reproduce the exact grammar and spelling in the original (even if it is incorrect in the original!). You should give the page numbers where the quote can be found. You may abbreviate a quote by replacing a section of the author’s text with three periods (...), but you should not do this if your abbreviation alters the author’s original meaning. In general, quotes should be less than 5% of your essay. Any quotes that you include without citing the original source are an example of plagiarism: do NOT do this!!!! 

 
.A conclusion, in which you summarize the main points of your argument and bring your argument to a logical conclusion.
.A bibliography listing all the references used should appear on a separate page(s).
-This consists of a list of annotated citations of publications that you will use as sources for your research paper.
-You should include at least 4 sources in your annotated bibliography, 2 of which should be scholarly (journal articles or book chapters); for each source, please provide:
i) A short description/summary of the article (if applicable, identify the main argument being put forth by the author, and the main points used to make this argument),
ii) An explanation of why it is useful for your paper.
-You should cite each reference in full. 

-You MUST submit a proposal/annotated bibliography.
计算机数据库Assignment
 
 
Assignment 例文5 
计算机专业数据库管理 CSC 410 – Database Management Systems Research Paper
The three-level architecture forms the basis of modern database architectures. It is defined by ANSI/SPARC study group on Database Management Systems. ANSI/SPARC is the American National Standards Institute/Standard Planning and Requirement Committee.
The architecture for DBMSs is divided into three general levels:
The External Level
The Conceptual Level
The Internal Level
Please provide an explanation of each of these levels and discuss why it is important to database architecture and any potential problems it presents. In addition, summarize by explaining how these three levels combine to provide the foundation of modern database architecture.
Your research paper should not exceed 3000 words. Provide references for all facts stated. Support your opinions with references whenever possible.
 
 

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