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加拿大assignment格式范文:The carrying out of countercyclical unempl

论文价格: 免费 时间:2019-01-29 09:23:58 来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:留学作业网

导读:这是一篇加拿大经济学的assignment范文,实施反周期失业保险会有效地稳定失业率和产出,同时又能增加消费。并能让不太会写assignment的小伙伴了解写大致的格式要求。实施失业保险政策可以在短时间内增加公共债务和政府支出,同时,失业保险增强了公司希望为招聘需求而持有的流动性。这种对流动性汇总实施失业保险的效果释放了公司面临的借款限制,因此与经济不发生反周期失业保险的经济相比,在经济衰退期间促进了对劳动力的需求。

The carrying out of unemployment insurance policy could increase the public debt and outlays of government in short time, at the same time, the unemployment insurance enhance the aggregation of liquidity that the companies would like to hold for the needs of hiring. This effect of carrying out unemployment insurance on aggregation of liquidity releases the restrictions of borrowing that the companies face, therefore facilitate the demand on labor during the recession period, when compared to an economy without the carrying out of countercyclical unemployment insurance.
反周期失业保险确实通过限制失业和产出的波动来帮助稳定经济波动。这一政策内部的主要方法是抑制效果如下:在生产率为负的冲击之后,公司对劳动力的需求减少,因为对产出的预期减少以及公司的限制。因此,劳动力找工作率下降,分离率上升,失业率越来越高。
The countercyclical unemployment insurance do helps to stabilize the economic fluctuation through restricting the fluctuation of unemployment and output. The principal method inside this policy is the effect of dampening as following: After the shock of productivity that is negative, the demand by the companies on labor decreases, because the expectation on output decreases and also the restrictions from companies. Therefore, the rate of job finding for the labor decreases, the rate of separation increases, the unemployment is higher and higher.
造成这种情况的原因是反周期失业保险带来的两种影响,一种是间接的,另一种是直接的。直接影响是来自失业工人的消费增加。关键在于,即使公司缴纳税款,劳动力消费的增加并不包括公司消费的减少。这是因为失业保险的部分资金来自债务,因此税收不会立即增加太多。The reasons for this situation are the two effects that come from countercyclical unemployment insurance, one is indirect, the other one is direct. The direct impact is the increasing consumption comes from the workers that are unemployed. The key point is that this increase of the labor’s consumptions is not comprised by the decrease of the companies’ consumption, even though the companies pay the taxes. It is because that the unemployment insurance is financed partly by the debt, so the taxes do not increase too much instantly.
While for the indirect effect, it is defined as the effect of the unemployment insurance on the public stock. Because higher outlays of the government come from higher unemployment insurance, and the outlays of government are financed partly by debt of the public, and it increases the supply aggregation of liquidity. So it also increases the ability of companies to hold the liquidity, so the constraint of borrowing decreases and there is higher demand on the labors for the companies. So this impact facilitates a gentle refinement of the unemployment after the recession.
In conclusion, the carrying out of countercyclical unemployment insurance is effective to stabilize the unemployment and output, and boost the consumptions at the same time. And all these results are derived from a stripped-down model that corrects all the imperfections in the realistic market to remove the constraint of borrowing. The countercyclical unemployment insurance do helps to stabilize the economic fluctuation through restricting the fluctuation of unemployment and output. The principal method inside this policy is the effect of dampening as following: After the shock of productivity that is negative, the demand by the companies on labor decreases, because the expectation on output decreases and also the restrictions from companies. Therefore, the rate of job finding for the labor decreases, the rate of separation increases, the unemployment is higher and higher.
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