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管理学research proposal:绿色管理对企业可持续发展的作用

时间:2019-07-05 10:05来源:未知 作者:anne 点击:
1.0 Introduction介绍
经济发展提高了人民生活水平,促进了社会进步,同时也带来了越来越多的环境污染,包括废气、废水排放、气候变暖、极端天气、资源过度消耗等(张等,2017)。环境污染不仅影响人类的生存,而且对企业的发展前景构成威胁(Weichhart等人,2016)。在此背景下,企业可持续发展的理论和实践越来越受到重视(Roy和Khastagir,2016)。从环境保护的角度来看,可持续发展是指企业在追求经济利益的同时,关心环境保护,实现企业发展与人类社会和谐共存,自然环境(dvo_kov_和zborkov_,2014)。
绿色管理是企业实现可持续发展的重要手段(耿、曼苏里、阿克塔,2017)。绿色管理是将环境保护的概念融入企业管理,涉及企业管理的各个层次、各个领域、各个方面、各个过程,要求企业管理中随时考虑环境保护(Ma等,2016年)。
Economic development improves people's living standards and promotes social progress, at the same time, it brings more and more environmental pollution, including waste gas, waste water emissions, climate warming, extreme weather, excessive consumption of resources and so on (Zhang et al.,2017). Environmental pollution not only affects the survival of mankind, but also poses a threat to the development prospects of enterprises (Weichhart et al., 2016). In this context, the theory and practice of sustainable development of enterprises are paid more and more attention (Roy and Khastagir, 2016). From the perspective of environmental protection, sustainable development refers to that in the pursuit of economic interests, at the same time, enterprises are concerned about environmental protection to achieve enterprise development and harmonious coexistence with the human society, the natural environment (Dvořáková and Zborková, 2014).
Green management is an important means for enterprises to achieve sustainable development (Geng, Mansouri and Aktas, 2017). Green management is to integrate the concept of environmental protection into business management, which involves all levels, various fields, all aspects, all processes of business management, requiring that in business management, it should consider environmental protection at any time (Ma et al., 2016). 
2.0 Rationale理由
关于绿色管理和企业可持续发展的文献很多。然而,这些研究从一定的角度阐述了绿色管理对企业可持续发展的重要性(Mustapha、Manan、Alwi,2017)。对绿色管理在企业可持续发展战略中的作用以及在多大程度上的重要性进行系统阐述的研究还不多。本研究将以有关绿色管理与可持续发展的文献为研究对象,根据内容分析对文献进行定量和定性分析,最后根据内容分析的结果对文献进行系统的分析。阐述了绿色管理在企业可持续发展战略中的作用。
There are many literatures on green management and sustainable development of enterprises. However, these studies have elaborated the importance of green management to the sustainable development of enterprises from a certain point of view (Mustapha, Manan, Alwi, 2017). There are not lots of researches which systematically expound the roles that green management plays in enterprises’ sustainable development strategy, and to what extent it is important. In this study, it will take literatures relating to green management and sustainable development as the research objects, according to content analysis to carry out quantitative and qualitative analysis on the literatures, and finally based on the results of the content analysis to systematically describe the roles that green management plays in enterprises’ sustainable development strategy. 
3.0 Research aim and objectives
The research aim of this study is to systematically expound the roles of green management in the sustainable development strategy of enterprises. According to the research aim of this study and  Scur and Barbosa’s (2017), Vanallea’s et al., (2017) research, the research objectives of this are designed as follows. 
Research objective 1: to discuss the roles of green management in the sustainable development of enterprises from the perspective of corporate decision-making
Research objective 2: to discuss the roles of green management in the sustainable development of enterprises from the perspective of production processes
Research objective 3: to discuss the roles of green management in the sustainable development of enterprises from a product perspective
Research objective 4: to discuss the roles of green management in the sustainable development of enterprises from the perspective of production waste utilization
4.0 Literature review
4.1 Sustainable development
Sustainable development is a new concept put forward by people in the 1980s with the extensive discussion of global environmental and development issues (Zhang et al., 2017). It is a long-term and profound reflection on the traditional development mode (Weichhart et al., 2016). The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 took sustainable development as a common development strategy for mankind towards the twenty-first century and, for the first time in human history, the concept of sustainable development strategies was implemented (Dvořáková and Zborková, 2014). In 1987, Barbier et al. published a series of articles on economic and environmental sustainability, which attracted the attention of the international community (Zhang et al., 2017). In the same year, Ms Gro Harlem Brundtland formally presented the concept of sustainable development in the "Our Common Future" of the World Commission on Environment and Development, marking the emergence of sustainable development theory (Weichhart et al., 2016). The research focus of sustainable development of enterprises is how to adapt and meet the carrying capacity of ecological environment while realizing the coordinated development of enterprises, environment, ecology and resources while pursuing economic growth.
4.2 Green management
There are many literatures on green management and sustainable development of enterprises. These studies have elaborated the importance of green management to sustainable development of enterprises from different angles. Vanallea et al (2017) were from the perspective of corporate decision-making to point out that green management should be included in an enterprise’s environmental decision-making elements, paying attention to the study on business environment countermeasures. Mustapha, Manan and Alwi (2017) were from the perspective of production process to analyze that green management should adopt new technologies to reduce or eliminate harmful waste emissions. Scur and Barbosa (2017) were from the perspective of product strategy to figure that the green management should change traditional products into environmental protection products, and people should actively use the "green logo." Ma et al. (2016) mentioned that green management should pay attention to the recycling of waste products. Geng, Mansouri and Aktas (2017) believed that enterprises should actively participate in environmental remediation activities within the community, promoting green publicity towards staff and the public to establish a green corporate image.
5.0 Methodology
5.1 Data collection
This study will make uses of content analysis method. Content analysis method will change non-quantitative literature into quantitative data, and based on these data to make quantitative analysis on the contents of the literatures and make judgments and inferences on the facts (Weber, 1985).
In this study, it will take literatures relating to green management and sustainable development of enterprises as the research objects, through the university library database, Scientific direct, High wire, and other authoritative database to find and download relevant research literatures, such as Cambridge Science Abstracts. In order to ensure that the content of the research literatures is consistent with the topic and to ensure the accuracy and representativeness of this study, it chooses and selects based on the following principles. First, the research literatures selected should explore the relationship between green management and sustainable development. Second, the selected literatures should come from authoritative peer review magazines.
5.2 Research dimensions and coding
In this study, it will search about 60 samples (company annual reports, CSR reports et.), it will be mainly from the three dimensions to carry out content analysis towards the literatures. Firstly, it is from time dimension to analyze changes in the roles of green management in enterprises’ sustainable development strategy since the 1990s. Secondly, according to the characteristics of different industries, it analyzes the roles of green management in enterprises’ sustainable development strategy. Finally, it will be from the perspectives of decision-making, production technology, product, production waste utilization and corporate image to explore the roles of green management in the sustainable development strategy of enterprises. All literatures will be coded in the form of an article number - chapter number for statistical analysis.
5.3 Key words and data analysis
By carefully reading each of the literatures, it will extract words with actual meaning, and then from these words to select the keywords. The keywords determined in this study include: A- green management, B-sustainable development of enterprises, C – enterprises’ environmental protection decision - making, D - environmental protection production process, E - environmental protection products, F - production waste utilization. Finally, it will statistically analyze the frequency of these keywords in articles of different time periods and in different industries, based on how often they occur to analyze the roles of green management in the corporate sustainability strategy.


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