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美国本科BA Coursework:为什么高管的薪酬会不合适

时间:2016-08-06 09:16来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:anne 点击:
The executives are the managers of the corporations, who can benefit from the development of the company to a great degree. The executive compensation is various from one firm to another, but the basic pay principle may be similar to a large extent. Many people consider the pay of the executives as inappropriate, which can cause damage to the progression of the corporation in the long run. The reasons can be explained a follows. 高管人员是公司的管理者,谁能在很大程度上受益于公司的发展。高管薪酬从一个公司到另一个企业,但基本薪酬原则在很大程度上可能是相似的。许多人认为高管的薪酬是不恰当的,这可能会对公司的发展造成损害,从长远来看。原因可以解释如下。
 
Firstly, the managing system in a company always rewards the executive bonuses without regarding the performance of them(Murphy, 1999). This system is not fair and will not contribute to the quick development of the firm in the long term(Samwick, 1999). When the executive does not perform themselves well, they can gain considerable pay as well, which is not fair to the other common employees and the corporation. When the company is not profitable, this system can lead to serious problems in the normal operation and may also cause the corporation go to bankruptcyin the end(Bertrand, 2001). 首先,管理系统在公司总是奖励高管的奖金没有关于它们的性能(Murphy,1999)。这一制度是不公平的,也不利于在长期内企业的快速发展(Samwick,1999)。当执行官不表现好时,他们也可以获得可观的报酬,这对其他普通员工和公司是不公平的。当公司不盈利,这个系统能够正常运行的严重问题,也可能导致公司去破产结束(贝特朗,2001)。
Secondly, the pay of the executives is quite higher than the employees at the bottom of the corporate leader. For instance, the ratio between the pay of the executives and those at the bottom of the firm ladder has increased to 400-to-1 in the United States, which has caused anger among the common employees. Moreover, this type of high ratio is prevalent in other countries as well(Garvey, 2003). However, in more and more cases, the performance of the executives can not meet the development of the corporation, which can be seen as a kind of nonfeasance(Murphy, 1999). This issue has been represented in many large companies in recent years, which will not benefit the world economy as well. This is another one explanation on the inappropriateof the executive pay.其次,高管的薪酬高于企业领导底部的员工。例如,在企业阶梯底部的高管薪酬和那些之间的比率增加了美国对400-to-1,具有普通员工中引起的愤怒。此外,这种高比例普遍在其他国家一样(Garvey,2003)。然而,在更多的情况下,高管的绩效不能满足企业的发展,这可以看作是一种不作为(Murphy,1999)。这一问题已在许多大公司在最近几年,这将不会有利于世界经济的。这是另一个关于在适当的执行薪酬的解释。。

Thirdly, it is a concern on the incentives structures which can promote the executives to complete the goals during a short period of time. When the short-term goal is realized, the bonuses of the executives will be high, or the compensation will be comparatively lower(Samwick, 1999). In this way, the executives will spare no effort to pursue the aim, but this structure may also harm the company in the long run, such as the well-being of the firms, the shareholders’ profits and the general welfare in the society. Most people begin to blame such behaviors in the financial industry during the Great Recession. The incentives structures may motivate the executives to realize the goals, but this means is also not proper for the development of the company in the long run(Girma, 2007).第三,它是一个激励结构的关注,可以促进高管在很短的时间内完成的目标。当短期目标的实现,公司高管们的奖金就高,或将补偿较低(维克,1999)。这样,高管们将不遗余力地追求目标,但这种结构也可能会损害公司的长远利益,如公司的福祉、股东的利益和社会的一般福利。在大萧条时期,大多数人开始将这种行为归咎于金融业。激励结构可以激励高管来实现目标,但这意味着也不适合长期发展公司(Girma,2007)。

In conclusion, the reasons for illustrating theinappropriate executive compensation can be diverse, and the companies systems in regulating the executives are not so definite, which is adverse to the sound and quick development of the corporations in theincreasingly fierce completions in the world economy and in various industries.In order to contribute to the smooth development of the company, the executives should behave themselves well in the firm and lead the company to develop in a prosperous direction.总之,对不执行补偿的原因可以是多种多样的,与公司的系统在调节高管并不明确,这在日益激烈的全球经济中,完成各个行业不利于企业又好又快发展。为了促进公司的顺利发展,高管们要表现自己在公司,带领公司在一个繁荣的方向发展。
Reference参考
 
Bertrand, M, 2001, Are CEO’s rewarded for luck? The Ones Without Principals Are, Quarterly Journal of Economics, pp.901-932. 
Garvey, G, 2003, Incentive Compensation when executives can hedge the market: Evidence of Relative Performance Evaluation in the Cross Section, Journal of Finance, vol. 58, no. 4, pp.1557-1581.
Girma, S., 2007, Corporate Governance Reforms and Executive Compensation Determination: Evidence from the UK, The Manchester School, vol. 75, no. 1, pp.65–81.
Murphy, K., 1999, Executive Compensation, Handbook of Labor Economics, vol.3. pp.2485-2563. 
Samwick, A., 1999, The Other Side if the Trade-off: The Impact of Risk on Executive Compensation, Journal of Political Economy, vol. 107 no. 5, pp.65-104.


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