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academic writing常用必备essay句型

时间:2015-04-03 10:16来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:hongdou 点击:
本文是一篇指导论文写作的指导性文章,旨在总结多种在论文中常用到的词汇和语句,以及它们的用法。在本文当中,共介绍了17种如何用词和句子的方法,且给出详细的例子。
academic writing常用必备essay句型
 
很多留学生在国外进行academic essay writing时候,不知道用什么合适的句型从事写作。特别是对国外学术论文写作不熟悉的学生,非常希望能够获得essay词句方面的指导。我们客服人员经常接到客户一些咨询一些诸如英语essay句型essay常用句型essay必备句型英国论文句型等相关问题。对刚开始学术性essay写作来说,句型非常重要,特别是针对文章个部分及表达功能提供句型指导,有利于学生树立起写作信心。下面针对下列给出用词与造句方面的建议,可着重优化学术写作结构及写作风格。
 
1.论文introduction部分句型
 
• This essay will deal with the following aspects of the question... 
• The aim of this essay is ......   
___________________________________  
 
2.论文summary部分句型
 
• In order to link.... with ...., the background to ... will be briefly outlined.  
• The first part of the analysis will examine.... 
• The second part of this analysis will consider...  
• The final level of the analysis consists of...  
___________________________________  
 
3.提出要点句型
 
• It is clear/ noticeable that... 
• It is necessary/ important/ useful/ interesting/to note/point out/ highlight/ emphasise that  
___________________________________  
 
4.重点标记可清楚的标明你思考的重要内容,可避免充满主观色彩的语言如“I think”
 
形容词:main, crucial, important, significant, key, essential
 
名词:focus, element, concept, theory, aspect, part, idea, point, argument, discussion, debate   
 
动词:to emphasise, to summarise, to focus, to highlight
 
例子:
• The key aspect of this argument is  
• The most crucial point made so far 
• It is worth noting that  
• Another relevant point is that
___________________________________  
 
5.引入新观点句型
 
• Turning now to the question of  
• Bearing in mind the previous points,  
• Having considered (X)  • With regard to  
• As far as ....... is concerned
___________________________________  
 
6.模糊限制语
 
11个情态动词可利于避免出现以偏概全等方面的问题,正如在表达可能性确定性的程度上,便可避免出现表达过于累赘的观点,或过多的有关主题的内容。
 
11个情态动词为:
CAN     MAY    COULD    MIGHT    WILL    WOULD     SHALL      
 
目前在学术论文里用的最多的情态动词为CAN, MAY, COULD 和 MIGHT。在论述过程中,若对某个观点太过于肯定,也许心存疑虑,但在肯定的前面加上MAT或MIGHT便可避免此类问题。
 
• It could/might be said that ....   
• It seems/appears ...  
• It is generally thought/considered ......  
• Some/many people think/believe ......
___________________________________  
 
7.引用研究成果句型
 
•It has been found that  
• Research has shown that
___________________________________  
 
8.作假设句型
 
• If, then
• Assuming that
___________________________________  
 
9.陈述条件句型
 
• Given that  
• Provided that  
• Granted that  
• If it is the case that & then,
___________________________________  
 
10.举例子句型
 
• For example/instance  
• In this situation/case  
• To illustrate
___________________________________  
 
11.增添相关信息句型
 
• Again/ besides/ equally important/ in addition/ further/ furthermore/ moreover  
• It must also be noted/ remembered that  
___________________________________  
 
12.讨论句型
 
• On the one hand, on the other hand  
• Although it may be true that....however  
• Whilst it is generally agreed that  
• There exists a contradiction between ..... and  
• Those in favour of/ Supporters/Advocates of  
• Those opposed to/ Critics of  
___________________________________________ 
 
13.转换过渡句型
 
• In other words  
• To put it another way  
• That is to say  
___________________________________________   
 
14.评价性语言
 
这是用于更加清楚的表明自己对不同观点的看法。曾用过这类词语吗? 是否能在论文中运用更多的这类词语呢?
 
正面形容词: remarkable, innovative, complex, interesting, profound, comprehensive, powerful, rigorous, systematic, useful, sensitive, reliable, logical,   
 
负面形容词: flawed, modest, unsatisfactory, inadequate, limited, restricted   
 
名词: synthesis, survey, topic, study, review, history, concept, area, theme, overview, analysis, system   
 
动词: explain, discuss, study, present, describe, bring into focus, consider, explore, illuminate, introduce, analyse, constitute  
 
例子: 
• The UNO has published an interesting survey...  
• It presents a useful concept...  
• However, the study is limited in that..  
___________________________________  
 
15.重复观点句型
 
一般而言最好不要重复。组织好论文写作以保证坚持一个论点。但论文需要,可用下列句子比如:
 
• To return to an earlier point  
• As noted before/above  
___________________________________________   
 
16.总结句型 
 
• Briefly, we can say/ it can be said that  
• To sum up  
• Hence/therefore/accordingly/ consequently  
• The evidence suggests, therefore  
• In general what this means/ suggests/ indicates is  
• It is clear from the above that  
___________________________________________   
 
17.结尾句型
 
• To conclude/In conclusion,    
___________________________________  


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