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最佳写作指南:如何搞定英国coursework?

论文价格: 免费 时间:2020-03-21 22:24:17 来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:留学作业网
学生在生活中需要写多种类型的coursework。 在所有这些人中,他们大部分时间都必须提交作业论文。 对学生来说,理解coursework至关重要!什么是coursework以及如何撰写coursework。 小编为大家提供的文章是一个指南,可帮助英国留学生们了解完成coursework的方式。 该文章还提供了与coursework有关的完整细节,包括如何开始coursework及其过程直到最后。希望大家顺利搞定coursework。www.ukassignment.org
 
首先,coursework通常是分配给学生的任务。学生需要对特定主题进行详细研究。从指导老师的判断中,学生对课程的了解和理解,并给他们在该特定学科中的成绩。每个coursework的课程结构,格式都不同。
例如,英文coursework可能要求学生对特定文学,诗歌或其他相关主题进行研究。有组织的计划和良好的研究形成了高质量的coursework。对于生物学coursework,这是一个困难的论文主题。学生可能需要做一些测试,描述一个生理过程,对某些生物或疾病进行研究,等等。生物学coursework可能包括实验数据或某些生物学过程或现象的描述。对于历史coursework,论文的内容必须是历史事实和记录的数字。历史coursework要求描述历史事件及其发生的原因。这些事件的时间顺序细节会引起读者的兴趣。
 
1.Rules of Writing a Coursework编写课程作业的规则
 
Coursework writing tips是要求学生撰写高质量作品的重要元素。以下是一些Coursework写作技巧,可帮助学生撰写Coursework。
 
1) Choose a topic that tells the goals of your subject clearly and set the goal for your coursework.选择一个主题,可以清楚地告诉您主题的目标,并为您的课程设定目标。
2) Take advice from experts, especially from your mentor about the choice of the coursework and the objectives you want to achieve with the essay. 征求专家的意见,尤其是您的导师的意见,以选择课程以及您希望通过本文实现的目标
3) Plan for the coursework essay structure. 制定课程作业结构计划。
4) Choose your research method relevant to your topic or nature of work. 选择与您的主题或工作性质相关的研究方法
5) Collect all the essential tools you will need for the research. 收集研究所需的所有基本工具
6) Perform in-depth research about the topic and make notes. 对主题进行深入研究并做笔记
7) Create an outline for a coursework essay. 为课程作业创建大纲
8) Create a draft. 创建草稿
9) Write the final essay or improve the draft to be the final essay. 撰写最终论文或将草稿完善为最终论文
10) Before submitting your work, make sure it is not plagiarized. 提交作品之前,请确保其未被剽窃
11) Re check citations and reference page. 重新检查引文和参考页
12) Proofread and edit your work and check all data included in the essay. 校对和编辑您的作品,并检查论文中包含的所有数据
 
2.1How to Choose Coursework Topic如何选择作业主题
 
一篇出色的论文始于一个好的话题。以下是选择作业主题的一些技巧:
  • Do Brainstorming on different topics and choose the most appropriate one for you. 在不同的主题上进行头脑风暴,然后为您选择最合适的主题
  • Choose a topic that has your personal interest. 选择一个您个人感兴趣的主题
  • Define the field of research and narrow down it to a specific topic. 定义研究领域并将其缩小到特定主题
  • Ask your mentor for the choice of topic, he/she might help you to narrow the topic further向您的导师询问主题选择,他/她可能会帮助您进一步缩小主题范围
  • Ensure the topic is narrow, clear and straightforward 确保主题狭窄,清晰,直接
2.2Coursework Writing Process课程作业写作过程
 
Coursework writing requires good planning and in-depth research on the topic. Coursework writing varies across colleges and universities, and it is essential for you to understand each structure. Coursework writing also varies subject wise.。编写课程作业需要对这个主题进行良好的计划和深入研究。不同大学之间的课程作业写作各不相同,这对您理解每种结构至关重要。课程写作也因学科而异。
 
3.Planning规划
  • Manage your time well and assign each task proper time. 妥善管理时间,并为每个任务分配适当的时间
  • Consider the structure of the coursework essay. 考虑课程作业的结构
  • List down research questions it will help you in your research. 列出研究问题,这将对您的研究有所帮助
  • Define the scope of your work. 定义工作范围
  • Familiarize yourself with resources that are required to accomplish the work熟悉完成工作所需的资源
  • Find out where you can find reliable information for your research. 找出在哪里可以找到可靠的研究信息
 
4.Research研究
  • Choose the most suitable tools for research. 选择最合适的研究工具
  • Gather all the tools needed for the research. 收集研究所需的所有工具
  • Make notes. 做笔记
  • Make sure that your notes are easy to read and help you throughout the whole work. 确保您的笔记易于阅读,并在整个工作中为您提供帮助
  • Ask your mentor for reference materials as you have to do the research. 在进行研究时,请您的导师提供参考资料
  • If experimentation is required, plan for them and observe health and safety precautions. 如果需要进行实验,请对其进行计划并遵守健康和安全预防措施
  • Analyze and write up the results for each experiment. 分析并写下每个实验的结果
  • If traveling is required, plan and allocate necessary resources for the trip in advance. 如果需要旅行,请提前计划和分配旅行所需的资源
 
5.Structure Planning结构规划
  • Choose a structure that is within the scope of your research. 选择您研究范围内的结构
  • Create an outline for the essay. 为论文创建大纲
  • Write down the topic and subtopics. 写下主题和子主题
  • Write down the first draft of your work. 写下您的工作初稿。
 
6.Writing写作
  • Edit the draft. 编辑草稿
  • Check the word count and writing accordingly. 检查字数并相应地书写
  • Stay focused. 保持专注
  • Include citations where necessary. 必要时包括引文
 
7.Support Materials辅助材料
  • Ensure the support materials that need to be attached as appendix/ references. These headings are written at the end of the essay. 确保需要随附的支持材料作为附录/参考。这些标题写在论文的结尾
  • Insert the support materials where appropriate. 在适当的地方插入支撑材料
  • Avoid cluttering support materials together without any formal organization. 避免在没有任何正式组织的情况下将支持材料弄乱
  • Ensure all support materials are easy to understand. 确保所有支持材料都易于理解
  • Index all support materials for easier referencing within the essay. 将所有支持材料编入索引,以便在论文中更易于参考
 
8.Finalizing coursework完成课程作业
 
It is necessary to understand how to finish a coursework essay. Here we will tell you how to finish a coursework essay. After writing the essay, it is important to proofread your work multiple times. Correct all grammatical and syntax errors. Always make citations of each source used in the work according to a specific referencing style you are using. Citations are mandatory to avoid plagiarism. Make sure a reference page is included in the cited work.

范文 INTEL Knows Best?
 
A Major Marketing Mistake
 
Problem Statement
When Thomas Nicely, a mathematician at Lynchburg College in Virginia, first went public with the fact that Intel's new Pentium chip was defective Intel admitted to the fact that it had sold millions of defective chips and had known about the defective chips for over four months. Intel said its reasoning for not going public was that most people would never encounter any problems with the chip. Intel said that a spreadsheet user doing random calculations would only have a problem every 27,000 years, therefore they saw no reason to replace all of the defective chips. However, if a user possessed a defective chip and could convince Intel that his or her calculations were particularly vulnerable to the flaw in the defective chip then Intel it would supply those people with a new chip. This attitude of 'father knows best' fostered by Intel created an uproar among users and owners of the defective chips. Six weeks after Mr. Nicely went public, IBM, a major purchaser of Pentium chips, stopped all shipments of computers containing the defective Pentium chips. Intel's stock dropped 5% following this bold move by IBM. IBM's main contention was that it puts its customers first, and Intel was failing to do this.#p#分页标题#e#
 
Intel's handling of this defective chip situation gives rise to many questions. During the course of this paper I will address several of them. The first of which is how did a company with such a stellar reputation for consumer satisfaction fall into the trap that the customer does not know best? Secondly, what made this chip defect more of a public issue than other defective products manufactured and sold to the public in the past? Finally, how did Intel recover from such a mistake? How much did it cost them and what lessons can other companies learn from Intel's marketing blunder so that they do not make the same mistake?
 
Major Findings
Intel is spearheaded by a chief executive named Andrew Grove. Grove is a "tightly wound engineering Ph.D. who has molded the company in his image. Both the secret of his success and the source of his current dilemma is an anxious management philosophy built around the motto 'Only the paranoid survive'." However, even with this type of philosophy the resulting dominance he has achieved in the computer arena cannot be overlooked. Intel practically dominates the computer market with $11.5 billion in sales. Intel has over 70% of the $11 billion microprocessor market, while it's Pentium and 486 chips basically control the IBM-compatible PC market. All of these factors have resulted in an envious 56% profit margin that only Intel can seem to achieve. So what did Intel do to achieve this sort of profit margin?
 
In mid-1994 Intel launched a $150m marketing campaign aimed at getting consumers to recognize the Pentium name and the "Intel Inside" logo. In order to achieve this goal of brand recognition Intel advertised its own name in conjunction with the "Intel Inside" logo and stated 'with Intel Inside, you know you have got. . . unparalleled quality'. This provided immediate name recognition for the company and led the consumers to associate Intel with high quality computers. Then Intel went the extra mile in the marketing world and spent another $80m to promote its new Pentium chips. The basis for this extra $80m was to "speed the market's acceptance of the new chip". The marketing campaign was a success. Intel had managed to achieve brand recognition. "Once the products were branded, companies found that they could generate even higher sales by advertising the benefits of their products. This advertising led consumers to regard brands as having very human personality traits, with one proving fundamental to brand longevity -- trustworthiness." Consumers readily identified a quality, up to date computer as one with a Pentium chip and the 'Intel Inside' logo stamped on the front. This "push" marketing strategy of Intel totally dominated the market, thus forcing the Pentium chip to the forefront of the computer market, all at the expense of the cheaper 486. This "push strategy" of Intel made it plainly clear to its purchasers that Intel was looking out for number one first and its purchasers such as Compaq and IBM second. Making the Pentium chip the mainstay of the computer industry was the goal of Intel, but a goal that would later come back to haunt them for a brief period of time.
 
Throughout the history of the computer industry many manufacturers have sold defective products. According to Forbes journalist Andrew Kessler, "Every piece of hardware and software ever shipped had a bug in it. You better get used to it." Whether or not 'every' piece ever shipped has had a bug is debatable, but there have been numerous examples of valid software bugs. For example Quicken 3.0 had a bug that resulted in the capitalizing of the second letter of a name incorrectly. Intuit, however, handled the situation by selling an upgraded version (Quicken 4.0) which fixed the problem, and left the consumer feeling as though he or she had gotten an upgraded version of the existing program. In essence Intuit had not labeled the upgrade as a debugging program, therefore it had fixed the problem and satisfied the customer all at the same time. While Intuit's customers were feeling as though they had a better product by buying the upgrade, Intuit was padding its pocket books through all of the upgrade sales. Other examples of companies standing behind their products are in the news week after week. Just a few years ago Saturn, the GM subsidiary, sent thousands of cars to the junkyards for scrap metal due to corroded engines, a result of contaminated engine coolant. Johnson & Johnson, the maker of Tylenol, recalled every bottle of medicine carrying the Tylenol name and offered a 100% money back guarantee to anyone who had purchased a bottle that might be contaminated.
The precedence was already set, so why would a company with the reputation of Intel fail to immediately replace all of the defective chips it had sold? Furthermore, why did Intel not come forth immediately when it first discovered that its chips had a problem?
 
Intel's engineers said that the defective chips would affect only one-tenth of 1% of all users, and those users would be doing floating-point operations. (Floating point operations utilize a matrix of precomputed values, similar to those found in the back of your 1040 tax booklet. If the values in the table are correct then you will come up with a correct answer. This was not the case with the Pentium. A table containing 1066 entries had five incorrect entries, resulting in certain calculations made by the Pentium chips to be inaccurate as high as the fourth significant digit.) Considering the low number of people that the chip would supposedly affect and the high cost ($475m) associated with replacing the chips, Intel decided a case by case replacement policy "for those limited users doing critical calculations". Intel's VP-corporate marketing director, Dennis Carter, stated, "We're satisfied that it's addressing the real problem. From a customer relations standpoint, this is clearly new territory for us. A recall would be disruptive for PC users and not the right thing to for the consumer". This policy infuriated the millions of Pentium purchasers who had bought a PC with a Pentium chip. Word spread like wildfire throughout the consumer world that Intel had sold a defective product and was now refusing to replace it. This selective replacement policy is a "classic example of a product driven company that feels its technical expertise is more important than buyers' feelings". Intel was faced with a decision. Should they take the attitude of brand is most important and we will take all necessary action to preserve it or take the attitude of what would be the monetary cost of doing the right thing and replacing all of the defective chips, and would it be worth it? Initially they decided that the monetary cost of replacing all defective chip would not be cost efficient due to the sheer numbers involved. Intel had sold an estimated 4.5 million Pentium chips worldwide, and approximately 1.9 million in the U.S. alone.
Intel later reversed its selective replacement policy (Intel knows best attitude) and came out with a 100% replacement policy. What was the reasoning behind this change of attitude at Intel?
 
As a result of the selective replacement policy, IBM announced it would stop all shipments of PCs containing the flawed chips. This combined with the public outcry at having spent thousands of dollars for PCs that did not work as advertised, and the reluctance of corporate users of PCs to purchase new computers resulted in Intel changing its public policy concerning the defective chips. Intel's new policy was to offer a 100% replacement policy to anyone who desired a new chip. This policy entailed either sending replacement chips to those users who wanted to replace the chip themselves, or providing free professional replacement of the chip for those who did not feel comfortable doing it themselves. Intel's new policy was in line with public expectations, but it had been delayed for several precious weeks. So one might ask, "What did this delayed change in attitude cost Intel in terms of dollars and repeat customers?"
 
The resulting costs to Intel were enormous in some respects, but almost negligible in others. Intel's fourth-quarter earnings were charged $475m for the costs of replacing and writing off the flawed chips. This was 15% more than analysts had predicted. Fourth-quarter profits dropped 37% to $372m. This was a sharp drop in profits, but $372m is still a number to be reckoned with in the fast paced industry of computers. So did this drop in profits mean that Intel was losing its edge? I tend to think not, since Intel reported that the sale of Pentiums had doubled between the third and fourth quarters, thus lifting revenues in 1994 to $11.5 billion, a 31% increase. Apparently consumers rallied around the new replacement policy and continued to purchase the Pentium equipped computers at a very fast rate, despite the initial reaction of Intel towards replacing the defective chips. This renewed faith was not regained overnight, but nevertheless it happened, therefore Intel is unlikely to lose its commanding lead in the industry. So what type of assurance was it that led to this renewed faith in Intel?
 
Following Intel's announcement of its 100% replacement policy for the defective chips it recalculated its replacement policy on all future defective products. Intel realized that its "fatal flaw was adopting a 'father knows.
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