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加拿大linguistics essay:杭州方言的语素The morpheme of the Hangzhou dia

时间:2019-06-20 11:22来源:未知 作者:anne 点击:
杭州方言有七个词,分别为平调、升调、升调、阴阳调、阴阳调。杨氏浑浊所有古音,古音浑浊和苏尔特都是读音。方言的声调轮廓,杭州衡阳市的声调值低于相应的阴声调值。杭州方言具有复杂而丰富的连读变调。
Hangzhou dialect, there are seven words, respectively level tone, rising tone, the rising tone, Yin and Yang, Yin and Yang. Turbidity in Yang all the ancient tones, the ancient tones turbidity and surd are read tones. Dialect tone contours, the city of HangzhouHengyang voice tone value is lower than the corresponding Yin voice tone value. Hangzhou dialect has a complex and rich even read modulation.
Initials: Hangzhou words have 30 initials. Hangzhou words complete preserved medieval dullness, namely the "ba", "fear", "climb" three-word initials contradictory. A muddy according to the voice of Yin and Yang two points. Unlike typical wu, Hangzhou words in ancient days mother, the mother read fricative; The ancient see second-class word read affricate.
首字母:杭州话有30个首字母。杭州词完整保留了中世纪的沉闷,即“巴”、“怕”、“爬”三个词的首字母矛盾。泥泞的声音按阴阳两点。不像典型的吴、杭州词,在古代母亲,母亲读摩擦;古代看二等字读摩擦。
杭州单词决赛:38场。与普通话相比,杭州话押韵多细胞的声音,如有效的如果读英语狗带O,而普通话是读如果你在家里。用杭州话来说一直在那里,但如盛码头已经全部合拢,堵住了咽喉。古盐山是取杭州两个字中的两点,如:表示官。
Hangzhou words finals: 38 finals. Compared with mandarin, hangzhou words rhymes multi-cell sound, such as effective if read English dog taken o, and mandarin is read if ou in the house. Kept there in the hangzhou words, but the rusheng terminal have merged all closed at plug throat. Ancient Salt Mountain was taken in Hangzhou two words in the two points, such as: indicates an officer.
声调:杭州话,有七个字,分别为平调、升调、升调、阴阳调、阴阳调。浑浊在阳所有古音中,浑浊古音是读音。方言的声调轮廓,杭州市中阳市的声调值低于对应的阴声调值。杭州方言具有复杂而丰富的连读变调。
Tone: Hangzhou words, there are seven words, respectively level tone, rising tone, the rising tone, Yin and Yang, Yin and Yang. Turbidity in Yang all the ancient tones, the ancient tones turbidity and surd is read tones. Dialect tone contours, the city of HangzhouZhongYang voice tone value is lower than the corresponding Yin voice tone value. Hangzhou dialect has a complex and rich even read modulation.
白话变音:由于南宋以来的历史直接受到普通话的影响,杭州话的白话变音较少,与其他典型的吴语相比,杭州话在汉语中读起来更占主导地位,而不是白话。但即便如此,仍有很多词是白色变种的发音,如:“大”、“朋友”等词。
White variant pronunciation: because of the history since the southern song dynasty has been directly influenced by mandarin, Hangzhou words less white variant pronunciation, compared with other typical wu, Hangzhou dialect spoken in Chinese read more dominant instead of white. But even so, there are still a lot of words are white variant pronunciation, such as: "big", "friends" and other words.
Hangzhou dialect belongs to Wu district Tai Hu dialect. Due to Hangzhou words because of the influence of other dialects, and compared with the pieces of the dialect, has many characteristics. 杭州话属于吴区太湖话。由于杭州话受其他方言的影响,与方言片段相比,具有许多特点。杭州方言仅限于杭州古城,萧山区方言近似绍兴方言,余杭区方言接近湖州方言。以浙江省杭州方言为例,临近南宋时对其都城的思考,应该是“余杭方言和河南方言”(吴等,2017)。Hangzhou dialect is limited to the old city of Hangzhou, Xiao Shan district dialect approximation in Shaoxing dialect, while Yu Hang district dialect close to Hu Zhou dialect. Instance Hangzhou dialect in Zhejiang Province, close to the, thought about his capital in southern song dynasty, it should be "Yu hang dialect and Henan dialect"(Wu et.,al, 2017).



Reference 
Wu, Y, Tsang, Y, Wong, A, & Chen, H 2017, 'The processing of homographic morphemes in Chinese: an ERP study',Language, Cognition & Neuroscience, 32, 1, pp. 102-116, Education Source, EBSCOhost, viewed 31 March 2017.
 


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