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澳洲法学essay:Some people hold the opinion of intellectual prope

时间:2019-07-24 11:19来源:未知 作者:anne 点击:
知识产权,主要指人类智力的无形创造,主要包括著作权、专利权和商标权。我支持知识产权为小企业的发展带来许多好处的观点。原因如下。 Intellectual property, mainly refers intangible creations of
知识产权,主要指人类智力的无形创造,主要包括著作权、专利权和商标权。我支持知识产权为小企业的发展带来许多好处的观点。原因如下。
Intellectual property, mainly refers intangible creations of human intellect, and it includes copyrights, patents, and trademarks primarily.  I support this idea that intellectual property brings many advantages for the development of small business. The reasons are as follows.
 
第一,有利于生产力的发展。知识产权保护有助于促进创新,对小企业的技术进步有很大贡献。所有企业都有自己的生产技术、生产工艺、特定的产品和品牌。围绕市场需求和产品不断改进,研发工作有了很大的提高。因此,小企业必须像老企业和大企业一样,考虑对自己的生产技术、生产工艺、品牌、商标、商业秘密等实施知识产权保护。这种保护的根本目的是确保企业拥有发明的所有权,并授予产品的使用许可权,以保证企业在法律规定的时间内获得最大的市场利润。知识产权有助于避免或减少他们的成就被他人窃取的机会,失去他们应有的市场利益。企业申请专利保护自己的发明,不仅可以取得专利权,而且可以产生市场地位,促进市场销售。获得知识产权是增加企业投资,正确的投资对于扩大小企业的市场价值至关重要。获得知识产权保护可以增强小企业的竞争优势。Firstly, it benefits the development of productive forces. Intellectual property protection can help to stimulate innovation and it will greatly contribute to the technological progress of small business.  All enterprises have their own production technology, production process, specific products and brands. Centering on the demands of the market and the continuous improvement on the products, research and development improve greatly. Therefore, just like the old and large business, small business must consider to implement the intellectual property rights protection on the their own production technology, production crafts, the brands, trademarks, business secrets they hold and so on. The fundamental aim for this protection is to ensure that the enterprises own the ownership of the inventions and the granting admission rights of the use of the products so as to guarantee that the enterprises gain the biggest market profits in the legal time as long as possible. Intellectual property helps avoiding or decreasing the chance that their achievements are stolen by others, lose their due market interests. The enterprises not only can obtain the patent rights but also can produce the market status and promote the market sales along with it if they apply for the patent protection of their own inventions. Acquiring the intellectual property rights is to increase the investments of the enterprises and correct investments is of paramount importance to expand the market values of small business. To acquire the intellectual property rights protection can increase the competitive strengths of small business.
 
其次,有利于小企业的市场竞争。知识经济时代的到来,促使越来越多的企业加强对自身知识产权的保护,其中专利保护最为明显,知识产权保护也越来越国际化。跨国集团为争夺国际市场份额而实施其专利战略Secondly, it benefits market competition of small business. The arrival of the knowledge-based economy era promotes more and more enterprises to strengthen the protection on their own intellectual property rights in which the patent protection is most obvious and the protection on the intellectual property rights has become more and more internationalized. The transnational groups implement their patent strategies for competing for the international market share. 
 
专利法的实质是依法确认和保护发明的财产权。业主所享有的权利在主体的规模、资本和国籍上不会有所不同,国内外小企业和大集团在平等的基础上,委托同样的机会参与技术竞争,享受专利法的保护。权利人根据自己的研究开发成果取得专利权后,即享有上述全部权利,法律保障这些权利的顺利实施。
The essence of the patent law is to confirm and protect the property rights of the inventions according to the laws.  The rights the proprietors enjoy would not be different in the scale, capital and nationality of the main body, and the domestic small business and big groups at home and abroad are on an equal footing and entrusted the same opportunities in participating the technology competition and enjoying the protection of the patent law. Once acquiring the patent rights on the their own research and development results, the obligee will be entrusted the full rights mentioned above and the laws guarantee the smooth implementation of the these rights.
 
三是有利于资源配置。小企业的人力、物力、财力不能与大集团相比。因此,有效利用有限的资源是非常重要的。专利制度带来了有效配置和利用这一资源的可能性,专利技术的充分披露可以使小企业充分利用现有技术,不断地自我完善和创新。小企业应在对现有技术进行检查、了解和分析的基础上,不断创新,及时申请专利,维护企业利益。知识产权的利用使小企业在激烈的市场竞争中脱颖而出。因此,充分利用知识产权制度对中小企业有效配置技术资源具有十分重要的意义。
Thirdly, it benefits the resources allocating. The manpower, material resources and financial resources of small business cannot compare with the big groups. Therefore, utilizing the limited resources effectively is very important. The patent system brings the possibility of allocating and utilizing this resource effectively and the sufficient disclosure of the patent technology can make the small business utilizes the existing technology fully and constantly improve and innovate themselves. Small business should constantly innovate, apply for the patents timely and uphold the interests of the enterprises on the basis of checking, understanding and analyzing the existing technology. The utilize of intellectual property makes the small business stand out among the fierce market competition. Therefore, it is very important for small business to utilize the intellectual property system fully to allocate the technological resources effectively. 
 


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