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英国assignment:促进儿童幸福感的重要性

时间:2015-11-13 13:46来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:留学作业网 点击:
英国assignment:促进儿童幸福感的重要性
The Importance Of Promoting Wellbeing In Children 
 
早年发生在孩子们身上的一些事会对他们人生道路产生影响。虽然有许多机会对儿童和青少年的生活进行干预和影响,但这一报告提出,在儿童早期进行干预是最有效影响儿童未来发展的方式。本文探讨了影响终身健康,成长和幸福的环境因素,同时表达了一些对人生道路的观点。
早期儿童设定在促进儿童、家庭、社区健康让他们感受到幸福方面扮演着重要角色(海登和麦克唐纳德,2000)。因此,促进健康和幸福感就成为父母,家庭成员和早期的儿童专业人士的目标,他们为此使用早期的儿童服务。
一般幸福有多个方面或维度。本报告的目的就是去方便地识别和讨论六个最重要的领域:精神健康,情绪,精神,身体,环境和社会。这六个方面是重叠并相互关联的,但合在一起就为儿童健康幸福成长构造了一个有效框架。
 
2.背景
儿童时代的早期,是设定孩子们如何看待自己,彼此,以及世界的一个阶段。
 
What occurs to children in the early years has consequences right through the path of their lives. While there are many occasions to interfere and make a difference to the lives of children and young people, this report suggests that intervening in early childhood is the most effective phase to impact on the future development of the child. This statement explores the factors that effect on life-long health, growth and well-being from environmental, and life path perspectives.
 
Early childhood settings plays an important role in promoting health and a feeling of wellbeing for children, their families and ultimately their communities (Hayden & Macdonald, 2000). Therefore the goals of health and wellbeing promotion are supported by parents, staff and early childhood professionals who use early childhood services.
 
There are multiple aspects or dimensions to general wellbeing. For the purpose of this report it is convenient to identify and discuss the most important six areas of health mental, emotional, spiritual, physical, environmental and social. These six areas are overlapping and interrelated, but together provide a useful framework for thinking about children's growth and development as health, well-rounded individuals.
 
2.背景-2. Background
 
The early childhood era sets the phase for how well children view themselves, each other, and their world. Young children actively construct meanings about the world and their place in it, offering alternative but equally valid understandings to adults (Millie & Watson, 2009).
 
The communication between careers and children work as building blocks for the growth of children as whole (Hayden et al., 2000). In order to share positive experiences of services delivered for the development of six dimensions of health and wellness in respective childcare settings is the intended objective of this report.
 
2.1 Health: Towards Wellness and the Six Dimensions
 
Prior to the 1800s, health was simply means the antithesis of sickness (Donatelle, 2006). Therefore, when all parts of body were functioning properly called as a good body having health. However focusing on global health issues at an international conference in 1947, the World Health Organization (WHO) took a landmark step and clarified that what health truly meant: "Health is the state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity" (Donatelle, 2006). According to Donatelle (2006), Health is complex and involves the interaction of variegated factors, which includes;
 
2.2 Wellness and Wellbeing: The importance in early childhood
 
One of the greatest indicators of health and wellness in a community is the extent to which it nurtures healthy children, as they will become the healthy adults citizens who make communities vibrant (McMurray, 2007).
While we have long recognized that early experiences have an effect on later life, new findings from longitudinal studies and new brain conceivable techniques, are showing that the initial years of life are serious in the purpose of physical, neurological, cognitive, emotional and social growth (Ferber, 1996). In the meantime, studies on social determinants have exposed that enduring health and well-being is predisposed not only by heredity and lifestyle, but also by economic, social and other environmental factors (McMurray, 2007). These findings recommend that accountability for health extends beyond health check professionals: doctors and nurses. Those who are concerned with promoting healthy environments may be uniformly significant in guiding health outcomes. Early childhood professionals are comprehensible contributors in this ground.
 
3.健康的六个方面-3. Six Dimensions of Wellness
 
The six dimensions of wellness interact continuously, influencing and being influenced by one another.
 
For example, spiritual wellness is associated with social skills, which can help build interpersonal relationships, which are in turn linked to physical wellness and longer life expectancy. The self-esteem that comes with emotional wellness is associated with increased physical activity and healthy eating habits, which support physical wellness.
 
3.1 Physical wellness
 
Physical wellness is basically the overall well being of a person's physical state. This dimension includes characteristics such as size and shape, sensory acuity and responsiveness, susceptibility to disease and disorders, body functioning, physical fitness, and recuperative abilities (Donatelle, 2006).
 
For good health, children need physical activity. Being active promotes healthy frame, strength and joints, builds patience and muscle force, makes it easier to uphold a healthy load, increases power, and even fosters self-respect.
 
Children of all ages need and want places to play. To support the variety of their physical activities, they need many types of entertaining facilities, both public and private, near their homes and schools (Sallis & Glanz, 2006). Children may spend more time being immobile indoors, where they remain inactive. These inactive behaviours such as television viewing and videos are dangerous factors for obesity in youth and reducing such behaviours is another strategy for preventing weight gain in children. Similarly using less fruits and vegetables and greater dependence on convenience foods and fast foods contribute to the epidemic of childhood obesity (Sallis et al., 2006).
 
3.1.1 Experience of our childcare Centre
 
The standard length of reside in a children's home is making an impact on individual students, so we recognize it as a challenge. We created modified tactics to give confidence to children (and staff) to eat at smallest amount five servings of fruit and vegetables each day and to connect in one hour of physical activity which consist of play and fun, five days a week. The center also provides hands-on training for forefront staff that helped those serves as role models for healthy performance. The center produced partnerships with other group of people organizations to offer nutrition-related services.
 
3.2 Emotional Wellness
 
Emotional wellness is an active condition that fluctuates with corporeal, academic, spiritual, interpersonal and social, and environmental wellness (Donatelle, 2006). Sound health results from the contentment of basic needs - the need for kindness and love; safety and clarity; social acknowledgment; to feel capable; physical needs and for meaning in life. It includes happiness and happiness, efficient social functioning and the dispositions of hopefulness, openness, curiosity and flexibility (Hood, 2009).
 
The infants achieve their satisfaction of basic needs by: attaching themselves to individual and groups of people who can help them survive and to find out how things around them work; to explore their soundings, so they can eventually learn to keep themselves safe and meet their own needs. And since these two behaviours are so fundamental, not achieving success with them causes distress (emotional dysregulation), which, if sustained, affects mental health (Hood, 2009).


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