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英国语言学assignment:Intertextuality Fairclough

时间:2019-07-17 11:38来源:未知 作者:anne 点击:
1.0 Introduction介绍
中间性往往包括暗示、运用改编、戏仿等手段,从而达到不同文本相互交织、融合的戏剧性效果,同时也成为一种研究方法,被广泛应用于新历史主义和女权主义文学批评中,成为其中一种文学批评方式。文学理论史的重要方面。因此,研究这部作品的互文性对于理解时代的深刻内涵和意义是十分必要的,本文将对互文性的内容进行研究。
Intersexuality is often includes hints, using the means of adaptation, parody, and thus reach the dramatic effect of different text interweave each other, fusion, but also become a kind of research methods are widely used in the new historicism and feminist literary criticism, become one of the most important aspects of the history of literary theory. Therefore, the study of intertextuality of this work is of great necessity for understand the profound connotation and the significance of The Times, the research would be conducted on the content of intertextuality.
2.0 Main body 主体
2.1 Introduce the definition and characteristics of intertextuality.介绍互文性的定义和特点
根据Fairclough对互文性的定义,互文性关注的是文本的异质性,以及发现文本多样性的分析模式。话语的互文性也可以看作是不同声音之间的相互作用,但这些声音属于不同的群体,而不是任何个体。可以说,体裁的分类与社会群体或阶级的分类密切相关。使用或垄断一种流派的群体或类;另一种使用或垄断另一种流派。因此,每种体裁都有其自身的语义潜力,包括特定的语义范畴、适当的体位、修辞方式和使用规则等,它们代表着不同社会群体或阶级的利益,适合表达不同群体的立场或意识形态。作者或读者会有意识或无意识地依赖这种语义潜能,在创作或阅读任何话语时做出选择。因此,体裁互文性分析应探讨话语的一个主要目的,在多种体裁、体裁和语域交融中表现出怎样的意识形态,以及如何和在多大程度上的融合,以帮助实现作者的交际意图或目的。此外,任何文本的构成似乎都是引用语的组合,任何文本都是对另一文本的吸收和转换(Ciecierski和Bintz,2016)。互文性概念占据了主体间性概念的地位。诗歌语言至少作为一种双重语言来阅读。它可以被称为这种文本交互,这种交互是在同一个文本中生成的,称为互文性。对于认知主体,互文性的概念将促使文本阅读历史并嵌入历史。在一定的文本中,互文性具体实现模式将提供一种文本结构的基本特征。文本是一种文本替换,是一种互文性:在文本的空间中,来自其他文本的各种语句相互作用。
According to the definition of intertextuality from Fairclough, intertextualiy is focus  on the heterogeneity of the text and analysis mode which finds the diversity of the text. The intertextuality of discourse can also be regarded as the interaction between different voices, but these voices belong to different groups rather than to any individual. It can be said that the classification of genre is closely related to the classification of social groups or classes. A group or class that uses or monopolizes one genre; another uses or monopolizes another genre. As a result, each genre has its own semantic potential, including specific semantic category, appropriate body position, rhetoric mode and usage rules, etc. They represent the interests of different social groups or classes, and are suitable for expressing positions or ideologies of different groups. The author or reader will consciously or unconsciously rely on this semantic potential and make a choice in the creation or reading of any discourse. Genre intertextuality analysis, therefore, should be to investigate one of the main purpose of discourse in a variety of genre, style and register mingle expressed how ideology, and how and to what extent the mixture to help achieve the author's communicative intention or purpose. In addition, the composition of any text seems to be a combination of quotations, and any text is the absorption and conversion of another text (Ciecierski, & Bintz, 2016). The concept of intertextuality occupies the position of the concept of intersubjectivity. Poetic language is read at least as a dual language. It can be called this interaction of text that is generated within the same text called intertextuality. For cognitive subjects, the concept of intertextuality will prompt a text to read history and embed history. In a certain text, intertextuality concrete realization mode will provide the basic characteristics of a kind of text structure. The text is a kind of text replacement, is a kind of intertextuality: in the space of a text, from other text, the interaction of various statements and each other.
The two trends of intertextuality are often called generalized intertextuality and narrow intertextuality( Elkad-Lehman, Ie 2005). A broad sense, is to define literature or literary with intertextuality, namely the intertextuality as everything (literature) the basic characteristics of the text and universal principles (as the basic features of the metaphorical, poetry as a literary), and because some theorists generalized use of the word "text", therefore the generalized intertextuality generally refers to the interaction between literature and social history (text) effect (a literary text is the text reading and rewrite) to society. In the narrow sense, it refers to the relationship between a specific text and other specific texts by the intertextuality, especially some references, stereotypes, allusions, copying, rewriting and so on. Broad sense and narrow sense not intertextuality theorists have own idea, such as she tile does not need to call his theory of generalized intertextuality, intertextuality no wide narrow for her. It is only in the contrast between the intertextuality of later poetics that it is necessary for academia to distinguish between the early intertextual theory and the later intertextuality theory in the broad and narrow sense.
2.2 Provide two examples that assumptions are “intertexual”.
"The life of the poet" by six short stories and a novella, every story the emotional style of each are not identical, each story also irrelevant, but each story but in fact there is a subtle and close inner link between, its characters, plot setting, even the choice of the narrative for the author to novel text of alluding to reality and the service (Dixon, 2017). On the micro level, "the tramp" and the "life of the poet" both use the "patchwork" method; Macro point of view, the whole works of each story also is a kind of logical "assembled", and this kind of chaos "together", it shows the works of the novel text and fragile relationship between social middle class middle-aged couples intertextuality relations and empty lives, namely the novel text text relationship with history. The creation of doxtoro seems to blur the line between history and fiction, and its works, like time capsules, have sealed the social face of America's different ages. In six short stories, the author from the multiple perspectives reflect different times different regional identity and people of different ages in the face of all kinds of violent, when the tension suddenly disconnected, the writer of the family of the narrator, Jonathan has entered middle age, is a midlife crisis in meditation, struggle. When writers constantly exposed himself and people around the absurd in married life, he works with the whole story of the relationship between other also becoming clear, and at this point, the reader will find that the work in both mood, style and structure, Jonathan will life may through the time and place to live in series, became his personal memoir, it is through the "biography", the author fully revealed various problems exist in reality. "There is liquidity, synchronicity, openness and interfinger-related features between the text of the novel and the historical text. There is no clear boundary between fiction and history, and history can be fiction, and fiction can be real. It can be said that the method of combining history with fiction is the intertextuality of the historical text and the novel text in this work.
On the one hand, it aroused our attention to the importance of the previous text, it considers the text of the concept of autonomy is a misleading, a work is meaningful just because something has been previously wrote about. However, once the focus of intertextuality in understandability and meaning, it will lead us to the previous text as a contribution to some kind of code, this code is made possible effect of different kinds of means. So, intertextuality refers to work more with some previous specific text, the relationship between than refers to a work participation in a cultural discourse space, refers to a text with a certain cultural languages or refers to the practice, the relationship between the and the text and those expressed the culture of the many possibilities of the relationship between the text. That is to say, intertextuality can focus on the intertextuality (i.e., "the previous text") itself, or the cultural space in which the intertextuality is placed. The former possibility is in the narrow sense of intertextuality, and it can hardly get around the traditional source and influence research, because the researchers must find specific "previous text"; The latter possibility belongs to the generalized intertextuality, which focuses on the various cultural codes revealed by the intertext.
2.3 Through cases from the article to show that intertextuality is not always intentional.
In this article carefully written entries, Barr wrote a long length to introduce Chris of intertextuality concept and theory, built on the concept of text is very clearly the intertextuality characteristics of "text" as a new concept with special intention theory, what makes it different from traditional literati call "article" or what linguists study "discourse". Against Chris of related papers and bart this entry, we can confirm that the term of "text" theory is basically to Chris notions of text translation and comb, barthes obviously also agree with this idea, even to a certain extent, to be involved in the brewing process. This is not the original theory of barter himself, which has become easier to digest through the refinement and gentrification of his charming prose, though the contents are still quite profound. In addition, the prestigious reputation that barter has established in the French intelligentsia has provided some kind of academic guarantee for the new term invented by the "strange woman". Barthes is introduced and interpretation, of course, Chris of intertextuality, at the same time, also borrow the concept gradually enriched his own thinking about reading behavior, and in this kind of thinking about again extended the concept of boundary, the focus shifts to the readers. Bart I don't really keen on "language", "conversion generated" mechanization terms, his ideas of intertextuality into his text hedonism, its essence is to advocate the pleasure of reading and free; He thinks the posterity to the understanding of the predecessors, in turn, form and constantly forming part of the previous text, so that he will make based on time dimension on the origin and impact problem thoroughly lost its meaning; He used a unique "text analysis" method instead of his early "structure analysis", is committed to listen to the text in multiple voice, "through the multiple of code to reveal in the intertextuality of text, make the text and connected to infinite of language" (Certo, 2015).


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