代写 会员中心 TAG标签
网站地图 RSS
英国作业 新西兰作业 爱尔兰作业 美国作业 加拿大作业
返回首页

英国作业:组织分析职业生涯规划

时间:2017-05-08 10:26来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:anne 点击:
本文是英国留学生作业范文,主要内容是讲述职业规划的具体定义,以及职业规划和发展在当今商业世界的意义。
职业规划是一个过程,其中选择职业目标和路径,这些目标。职业发展是指个人为了实现个人职业生涯计划而做出的个人改进。职业生涯管理是设计和实施目标,计划和战略的过程,使组织能够满足员工的需求,同时允许个人实现自己的职业目标。因此,由于这个职业规划和发展是必要的,每一个员工在一个组织。职业规划和发展的需要在当今世界的每一个组织中都能感受到。
 
Career planning is the process by which one selects career goals and the path to these goals. Career development is those personal improvements one undertakes to achieve a personal career plan. Career management is the process of designing and implementing goals, plans and strategies to enable the organization to satisfy employee needs while allowing individuals to achieve their career goals. So, due to this career planning and development is necessary to each and every employee in an organization. The need of career planning and development is felt in each and every organization of today's global world.
 
Need for Career Planning: -
Career Planning is necessary due to the following reasons:
 
1. To attract competent persons and to retain them in the organization.
 
2. To provide suitable promotional opportunities.
 
3. To enable the employees to develop and take them ready to meet the future challenges.
 
4. To increase the utilization of managerial reserves within an organization.
 
5. To correct employee placement.
 
6. To reduce employee dissatisfaction and turnover.
 
7. To improve motivation and morale.
 
Process of Career Planning : -
The following are the steps in Career Planning :
 
1. Analysis of individual skills, knowledge, abilities, aptitudes etc.
 
2. Analysis of career opportunities both within and outside the organization.
 
3. Analysis of career demands on the incumbent in terms of skills, knowledge, abilities, aptitude etc., and in terms of qualifications, experience and training received etc.
 
4. Relating specific jobs to different career opportunities.
 
5. Establishing realistic goals both short-term and long-term.
 
6. Formulating career strategy covering areas of change and adjustment.
 
7. Preparing and implementing action plan including acquiring resources for achieving goals.
 
Pre-requisites for the success of career planning.
1. Strong commitment of the top management in career planning, succession planning and development.
 
2. Organization should develop, expand and diversify its activities at a phased manner.
 
3. Organization should frame clear corporate goals.
 
4. Organization should have self-motivated, committed and hard working employees.
 
5. Organization's goal in selection should be selecting the most suitable man and place him in the right job.
 
6. Organization should take care of the proper age composition in manpower planning and in selection.
 
7. Organization should take steps to minimize career stress.
 
8. Organization should have fair promotion policy.
 
9. Organization should publicize widely the career planning and development programmes.
 
Advantages of Career Planning:-
For Individuals:
1. The process of career planning helps the individual to have the knowledge of various career opportunities, his priorities etc.
 
2. This knowledge helps him select the career that is suitable to his life styles, preferences, family environment, scope for self-development etc.
 
3. It helps the organization identify internal employees who can be promoted.
 
4. Internal promotions, upgradation and transfers motivate the employees, boost up their morale and also result in increased job satisfaction.
 
5. Increased job satisfaction enhances employee commitment and creates a sense of belongingness and loyalty to the organization.
 
6. Employee will await his turn of promotion rather than changing to another organization. This will lower employee turnover.
 
7. It improves employee's performance on the job by taping their potential abilities and further employee turnover.
 
8. It satisfies employee esteem needs.
 
For Organizations: -
A long-term focus of career planning and development will increase the effectiveness of human resource management. More specifically, the advantages of career planning and development for an organization include:
 
i. Efficient career planning and development ensures the availability of human resources with required skill, knowledge and talent.
 
ii. The efficient policies and practices improve the organization's ability to attract and retain highly skilled and talent employees.
 
iii. The proper career planning ensures that the women and people belong to backward communities get opportunities for growth and development.
 
iv. The career plan continuously tries to satisfy the employee expectations and as such minimizes employee frustration.
 
v. By attracting and retaining the people from different cultures, enhances cultural diversity.
 
vi. Protecting employees' interest results in promoting organizational goodwill.
 
Limitations of career planning :-
Apart from advantages, there are some limitations. So, let us have a look at the limitations of career planning. Despite planning the career, employees face certain career problems. They are:
 
Dual Career Families: -
With the increase in career orientation among women, number of female employees in on increase. With this, the dual career families have also been on increase. Consequently, one of those family members might face the problem of transfer. This has become a complicated problem to organizations. Consequently other employees may be at disadvantage
 
Low ceiling careers: -
Some careers do not have scope for much advancement. Employees cannot get promotions despite their career plans and development in such jobs.
 
Declining Career Opportunities: -Career opportunities for certain categories reach the declining stage due to the influence of the technological or economic factors. Solution for such problem is career shift.
 
Downsizing/Delayering and careers: - Business process reengineering, technological changes and business environmental factors force the business firms to restructure the organizations by delayering and downsizing. Downsizing activities result in fixing some employees, and degrading some other employees.
 
Review of literature
(Bardsley 1987) IBM's career planning workshop focuses on the interests, skills, and contributions inherent in the individual's current job. Employees study their jobs' components and learn how to make the work more challenging. In addition, participants learn how jobs evolve from business needs
 
Leibowitz, Farren, and Kaye (1985) it has been present a model for designing and implementing a career development system. Their guidelines include the following: o State specifics o Tie the program to overall human resource development o Tailor the program to the culture o Build from a conceptual base o Plan long-term approaches, short-term payoff o Design multiple approaches o Co-design and manage the project o Ensure top management support o Publicize accomplishments
 
Slavenski and Buckner (1988) it conclude their paper with a list of recommendations garnered from the literature and from their own experiences with career development in the workplace. Among their recommendations for persons designing and implementing career development are the following: o Link new programs to other parts of the career development system o Design the program in terms of the specific organizational culture o Think of career development as a process, not a program o Involve line management.
 
Choong Kwon Lee (2010) It has been described that agency theory is proposed as a framework for explaining the design of IT jobs and career paths. To support this theory, data about knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) were gathered and analyzed from Fortune 500 job listings for the Programmer/Analyst Systems Analyst IT Manager career path. The results indicate that agency theory has significant predictive power over the type and importance of IT KSAs for job sequences along IT career paths. The results have implications for both researchers who are looking for theories that explain IT job design and career path development and managers who are challenged with decisions about how to design IT jobs and manage IT career paths.


推荐内容
  • 英国作业
  • 新西兰作业
  • 爱尔兰作业
  • 美国作业
  • 加拿大作业
  • 代写英国essay
  • 代写澳洲essay
  • 代写美国essay
  • 代写加拿大essay
  • MBA Essay
  • Essay格式范文
  • 澳洲代写assignment
  • 代写英国assignment
  • 新西兰代写assignment
  • Assignment格式
  • 如何写assignment
  • 代写英国termpaper
  • 代写澳洲termpaper
  • 英国coursework代写
  • PEST分析法
  • literature review
  • Research Proposal
  • 参考文献格式
  • case study
  • presentation
  • report格式
  • Summary范文
  • common application
  • Personal Statement
  • Motivation Letter
  • Application Letter
  • recommendation letter
  • Europe (24-hours)
    EN:13917206902
    china (24-hours)
    CN:13917206902
    在线客服团队
    全天候24小时在线客服 QQ:1455780998

    微信在线客服(24小时)

    微信公众订阅号