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英国作业写作范文:Capacity Building in Organisations

论文价格: 免费 时间:2023-07-20 13:13:34 来源:www.ukassignment.org 作者:留学作业网

英国作业写作范文-组织能力建设。本文是一篇英国留学生课程作业范文,本文解释能力建设是指通过获取数据、时间管理、激励、技术和培训,有计划地发展或提高自己或组织的知识、个人能力、工作产出、管理技能和其他能力。这是一个不断发展的过程,在这个过程中,个人、组织和社会增强了满足竞争和增长需求的能力。这部分是通过向候选人提供适当的资源、培训和知识来实现的。完成能力建设的关键是通过团队或自己在全球范围内的社区和社会互动,以获得个人动力和建立信心。以下是英国留学生课程作业范文的具体内容,供参考。

英国课程作业

Capacity Building 能力建设

Capacity building is defined as a planned development of or increase in the knowledge, personal abilities, work output, management skills and other capabilities of oneself or an organization through acquisition of data, time management, incentives, technology and training. It is a continuous process of development in which the individuals, organizations and societies enhance their abilities to meet the demands of competition and growth. This is partially accomplished by providing the candidates with proper resources, training and knowledge. The key to complete capacity building is through community and social interaction of the team or oneself on a global level for personal motivation and building of confidence.

Definitions of capacity building 能力建设的定义

The Scottish Government’s definition of capacity building is:苏格兰政府对能力建设的定义是:

“Measures that strengthen the collective ability of a community enabling individuals, groups and communities to develop the confidence, understanding and skills required to influence decision making and service delivery. This could include enabling communities to provide and manage services to meet community needs.”

“加强社区集体能力的措施,使个人、团体和社区能够发展影响决策和服务提供所需的信心、理解和技能。这可能包括使社区能够提供和管理服务,以满足社区需求。”

A more appropriate definition of capacity building is:能力建设的一个更恰当的定义是

“Development work that strengthens the ability of community, individuals, organisations and groups to build their structures, systems, people and skills so they are better able to define and achieve their objectives and engage in consultation and planning, manage community projects and take part in partnerships and community enterprises. It includes aspects of training, organisational and personal development and resource building, organised and planned in a self-conscious manner, reflecting the principles of empowerment and equality.”

“发展工作,加强社区、个人、组织和团体建立其结构、系统、人员和技能的能力,使他们能够更好地定义和实现自己的目标,参与咨询和规划,管理社区项目,参与合作伙伴关系和社区企业国家发展和资源建设,以自觉的方式组织和规划,反映赋权和平等的原则。”

–Skinner, 1997[1]

Need and importance of capacity building 能力建设的必要性和重要性

In this period of incessant advancement in economy, technology and what not, it is of utmost importance for any business organization to match up with the speed of growth of the market and competitors to sustain otherwise they will lag behind, seriously affecting productivity and profits. For this purpose, it is important for capacity building through workplace training to keep the organization updated of latest commencements. There are certain points where capacity building finds its importance.

在这个经济、技术等不断进步的时期,任何商业组织都必须跟上市场的增长速度,竞争对手才能维持下去,否则他们就会落后,严重影响生产力和利润。为此,重要的是通过工作场所培训进行能力建设,使组织了解最新的开始情况。在某些方面,能力建设具有重要意义。

To bring about long term bigger and longer lasting change: it is imperative that for bringing a bigger long lasting change, training should be provided for proper capacity building so that the employees can give their best, making a greater impact. Capacity building enhances the workmanship to such a level that the output is marked by a long term and an impactful change. It is not just a low level labour, the effect of which fades away soon, but an advancement of the skills which leads to a bigger and better result of the efficient work that each employee puts efforts in.

为了实现长期、更大、更持久的变革:为了实现更大、持久的变革,必须提供适当的能力建设培训,以便员工能够发挥最大作用,产生更大的影响。能力建设将工艺提高到这样一个水平,即产出以长期和有影响力的变化为标志。这不仅仅是一种低水平的劳动,其影响很快就会消失,而是一种技能的进步,使每个员工付出的努力都能带来更大更好的工作成果。

To create an opportunity for uniqueness: One of the greatest challenges in today’s competitive markets is innovation; and capacity building is one thing that is extremely necessary to ensure that the unique ideas are build up effectively in the workplace so that each organization manages to match up with the statuses of its competitors in terms of profits and overall benefit of its employees or customers.

创造独特的机会:当今竞争激烈的市场面临的最大挑战之一是创新;能力建设是一件非常必要的事情,以确保在工作场所有效地建立独特的想法,从而使每个组织能够在利润和员工或客户的整体利益方面与竞争对手的地位相匹配。

to enhance productivity: productivity of people working in an organization is effectively increased by capacity building through training programs which are specifically designed for the purpose to motivate each individual and fill in confidence that would allow them to work better in workplace and life.

提高生产力:通过培训计划进行能力建设,可以有效地提高组织中工作人员的生产力,这些培训计划旨在激励每个人,增强信心,使他们能够更好地在工作场所和生活中工作。

To meet the need for innovation: in this world of technology and innovation, everyone needs to rush ahead of others. Our daily lives use unique ideas every minute and new ideas are continuously needed to make lives much easier. Capacity building challenges the organizations in such a way that the benchmark of perfection, innovation and productivity gets higher every second and the world gets innovative products to make life better.

满足创新需求:在这个技术和创新的世界里,每个人都需要抢在别人前面。我们的日常生活每分钟都在使用独特的想法,不断需要新的想法来让生活变得更轻松。能力建设以这样一种方式挑战着组织,即完美、创新和生产力的基准每秒都在提高,世界获得创新产品,让生活变得更好。

To apply organization’s resources in a productive way: capacity building is an opportunity for the organization to produce and use skilled and knowledgeable people to create even more efficient lot out of the employees. The resources of the organization can be used in an effective way to enhance the productivity of the workers positively though building capacity and proper workmanship.

以富有成效的方式运用组织的资源:能力建设是组织培养和使用有技能和知识的人的机会,可以从员工中创造出更高效的人才。通过能力建设和适当的工艺,可以有效地利用组织的资源,积极提高工人的生产力。

Elements of capacity building 能力建设要素

There are three major elements of capacity building which emphasize on the importance of building correct relationships and enhance productivity of an individual and an organization in a workplace.

能力建设有三大要素,强调在工作场所建立正确关系和提高个人和组织生产力的重要性。

Partnership: this element describes the initiative to add partnerships and resources for capacity building which would help in the purpose to promote empowerment of each individual in an organization that would lead to maximize work potential and increase productivity through innovation and management.

伙伴关系:这一要素描述了为能力建设增加伙伴关系和资源的举措,这将有助于促进赋予组织中每个人权力,从而通过创新和管理最大限度地发挥工作潜力并提高生产力。

Organizational development: the building of capacity would finally lead to organizational development on the whole by maximizing profits and stakes. It would also help the organization to possess a leading position in the market amongst its competitors.

组织发展:能力建设最终将通过最大限度地提高利润和利害关系,实现组织的整体发展。这也将有助于该组织在竞争对手中占据市场领先地位。

Civil society strengthening: strengthening skills and building capacity of an organization in the area of strategic planning, advocacy, project development and management finally leads to the empowerment of the society and the country on the whole. It contributes to the global progress of the country and the civil society in terms of economy, technology, innovation and quality of life.

加强民间社会:加强一个组织在战略规划、宣传、项目开发和管理领域的技能和能力建设,最终有助于增强社会和整个国家的力量。它为国家和民间社会在经济、技术、创新和生活质量方面的全球进步做出了贡献。

Areas of capacity development 能力发展领域

For capacity building of an organization, each and every workplace has a department specifically assigned to prepare its employees for maximum productivity. For some organizations managers are simply hired to do so. In very small ones, the human resource people are assigned the task of capacity development of the workers whenever the need for the same arises. We can say that workplace training plays a key role for capacity building of the staff in an organization and without it; both workers and managers won’t be able to face the day to day challenges coming in their way. The ultimate effects always falls on the organization which is why capacity building is important. There are three major types of capacity building trainings which could be employed in an organization.

对于一个组织的能力建设,每个工作场所都有一个专门指定的部门,为员工实现最大生产力做好准备。对于一些组织来说,管理人员只是被雇佣来做这件事。在非常小的组织中,只要有必要,人力资源人员就会被分配给员工能力发展的任务。我们可以说,工作场所培训对一个组织中员工的能力建设起着关键作用,无论是否如此;无论是员工还是管理者,都将无法面对即将到来的日常挑战。最终的影响总是落在组织身上,这就是为什么能力建设很重要。一个组织可以采用三种主要类型的能力建设培训。

In-house training 内部培训

In house workplace training is all about learning from the staff and seniors of the organization itself. It offers the perks of familiarity, comfort and friendliness between trainees and trainers since the teachers are none other than the experienced managers and senior employees of the same organization itself. They effectively conduct training sessions for their junior staff to accustom them with all the problems, solutions, technology, resources and practices to be followed in the workplace so that they become familiar with the environment of their organization and are comfortable enough to give maximum productivity.

内部工作场所培训就是向组织本身的员工和高层学习。它为学员和培训师提供了熟悉、舒适和友好的福利,因为老师正是同一组织的经验丰富的经理和高级员工。他们有效地为初级员工举办培训课程,使他们熟悉工作场所要遵循的所有问题、解决方案、技术、资源和实践,从而熟悉组织的环境,并感到足够舒适,以实现最大的生产力。

Outsourced training 外包培训

There are several professional training organizations which are meant for the sole purpose of being outsourced for capacity building in workplaces. They are called to conduct the training sessions which would help the employees in an organization for development of skill set. These services mostly run by charging a service fee. On the basis of the results of these outsourced training programs, a group of efficient people sorted out of the recruits are appointed for the managerial staff and others are given positions based on their qualifications and skills.

有几个专业培训组织的唯一目的是外包进行工作场所的能力建设。他们被要求进行培训,这将帮助组织中的员工发展技能。这些服务大多是通过收取服务费来运营的。根据这些外包培训项目的结果,从招聘的人员中挑选出一批高效的人员担任管理人员,其他人则根据他们的资格和技能获得职位。

Special workplace training 特殊工作场所培训

Such training are planned when an organization feels need to train its workers in a specific field. After computerization of the workplace, every organization wants to train all its staff members in handling and operating the latest software to run its digital affairs without any problem. So a special training course is devised through the training manager of the organization. Depending upon the availability of the expertise some or whole of the training is outsourced to a professional trainer. Here the entire syllabus of the training is developed by the organization itself to fulfil its own training needs[2].

当一个组织认为有必要在特定领域培训其员工时,就会计划进行此类培训。在工作场所实现计算机化后,每个组织都希望培训其所有员工处理和操作最新软件,以毫无问题地运行其数字事务。因此,通过组织的培训经理设计了一个特殊的培训课程。根据专业知识的可用性,部分或全部培训外包给专业培训师。在这里,整个培训大纲由组织自己制定,以满足其自身的培训需求。

Ways of capacity building 能力建设的途径

Capacity building exercises are employed on routine basis by many organizations. As mentioned earlier, they can either be done in the organization or outsourced or both depending upon the needs. There are certain areas which need to be focussed to build capacity and skills in a productive way which would promote innovation and development. These points need to be kept in mind by the individuals undergoing training as well as by the trainers.

许多组织例行开展能力建设活动。如前所述,根据需要,它们可以在组织内完成,也可以外包,或者两者兼而有之。有一些领域需要重点建设能力和技能,以促进创新和发展。接受培训的个人和培训师都需要牢记这些要点。

The organization knows the best:the people who are most aware and knowledgeable about the company’s need and requirements are those who run the company itself. These include the managers, employers and senior employees of an organization and these are the people who decide when and how to develop abilities and skills of the employees. They understand the needs of the organization on the whole and direct the capacity building exercises in the requisite manner.

组织最清楚:最了解公司需求和要求的人是那些自己管理公司的人。这些人包括一个组织的经理、雇主和高级员工,他们决定何时以及如何培养员工的能力和技能。他们了解整个组织的需要,并以必要的方式指导能力建设工作。

Relationship and communication:Capacity building has been a two-way street that requires frequent, open, and honest communication[3]. It is important to trust the organization and the trainers so that a strong and comfortable relationship can be built between the employers and the employees. This makes the base of best trainings and most productive capacity building exercises which lead to a long term increase in productivity and profits.

关系和沟通:能力建设一直是双向的,需要经常、公开和诚实的沟通。重要的是要信任组织和培训师,以便在雇主和雇员之间建立牢固而舒适的关系。这为最佳培训和最具生产力的能力建设奠定了基础,从而长期提高生产力和利润。

Follow different approaches:There is no single approach to capacity building that will work in every organization. Rather, each organization has different situations and different needs that need to be specifically addressed and uniquely met[4].

遵循不同的方法:没有一种单一的能力建设方法能在每个组织中奏效。相反,每个组织都有不同的情况和不同的需求,需要具体解决和独特地满足。

Start and end in self-assessment:it is important for the organizations to know where they lag behind and what their weak points are so that they can focus on those in the first place. Individuals and companies should have adequate knowledge of their needs, requirements and areas of improvements after which they should work towards fulfilling them. After capacity is built, an assessment needs to be done in order to understand if the training is actually troubleshooting old problems. Also the after training assessment is used to identify any loop holes or new problems that might be arising so as to fill in the gaps in understanding.

从自我评估开始和结束:重要的是,组织要知道自己落后的地方和弱点,这样他们才能首先关注这些弱点。个人和公司应充分了解自己的需求、要求和改进领域,之后应努力实现这些需求、要求。能力建立后,需要进行评估,以了解培训是否真的在解决旧问题。此外,培训后评估用于确定可能出现的任何漏洞或新问题,以填补理解上的空白。

Know your limitations and choose your battles:the end goal of capacity building is to maximize value added services and productivity which would be impossible to achieve without knowing your limitations. Analysing your limitations helps and organization chose appropriate resources and tactics to fight and improve capacity building exercises by choosing a most feasible path to train its employees.

了解自己的局限性,选择自己的战斗:能力建设的最终目标是最大限度地提高增值服务和生产力,如果不了解自己的限制,这是不可能实现的。分析您的局限性有助于组织选择适当的资源和策略,通过选择最可行的途径培训员工来对抗和改进能力建设练习。

Self-respect, self-confidence, self-reliance 自尊、自信、自立

The definition of “development” that quoted from Mwalimu Julius Nyerere is as follows: “a process which enables human beings to realise their potential, build self confidence, and lead lives of dignity and fulfilment. It is a process which frees people from the fear of want and exploitation….[5]”

Mwalimu Julius Nyerere对“发展”的定义如下:“一个使人类能够实现自己的潜力、建立自信、过上有尊严和有成就感的生活的过程。这是一个使人们摆脱匮乏和剥削恐惧的过程…”

Capacity building is a form of development which involves removing the limitations and moving forward by learning something new and productive and at the same time, improving the quality of the organization by troubleshooting the shortcomings. However, it is important for the employees to accept the new change with an open mind in order to fully learn and acknowledge the development of the skill set. It needs the individual to be strong and confidant enough to accept the new skills while keeping a sense of self respect and reliance.

能力建设是一种发展形式,包括通过学习新的和富有成效的东西来消除限制并向前迈进,同时通过排除缺点来提高组织的质量。然而,重要的是,员工要以开放的心态接受新的变化,以便充分学习和承认技能的发展。它需要个人足够坚强和自信,接受新技能,同时保持自尊和依赖感。

7. Building conceptual research and analytical skills 培养概念研究和分析技能

This is one of the most important part of capacity building because the whole purpose of capacity building exercises is to accustom the employees with the concepts of working and make them develop the analytical thought process which helps in maximizing the productivity. Having the practical knowledge of execution is very important for any project but having the knowledge of analysis and conceptualization is even more vital. Without research and analytics, no practical skills can be built. Without prior conceptualization, no execution of the plans can be done properly.

这是能力建设最重要的部分之一,因为能力建设练习的全部目的是让员工习惯工作的概念,并使他们发展有助于最大限度地提高生产力的分析思维过程。对于任何项目来说,拥有执行的实践知识都非常重要,但拥有分析和概念化的知识更为重要。没有研究和分析,就无法培养实用技能。如果没有事先的概念化,就无法正确执行计划。

Hence, it is of utmost importance that the organization puts resources and technology in building the analytical skills of the employees so that the advanced step of execution of the concepts becomes easier and precise. This rules out any chances of mistakes in practical approach to the skills and maximizes productivity.

因此,至关重要的是,组织应将资源和技术用于培养员工的分析技能,从而使概念的高级执行步骤变得更容易和准确。这就排除了在实践技能时出现错误的可能性,并最大限度地提高了生产力。

8.Knowledge, information and experience 知识、信息和经验

Much of our educational system is based on “the bucket” principle. You fill the bucket with “information.” But true knowledge comes through putting to question all received knowledge because “knowledge” is not neutral. It is an embodiment of existing cultural practices (even prejudices) and power structures[6].

我们的教育体系大部分是基于“桶”原则的。你用“信息”填满了桶。但真正的知识是通过质疑所有收到的知识来获得的,因为“知识”不是中立的。它是现有文化习俗(甚至偏见)和权力结构的体现。

An important part of capacity building is to learn from the experiences. The employees should be made aware about the past experiences so that they get knowledgeable about the problems that can arise in the way and come up with the solutions. This makes them cautious enough to avoid the mistakes made in past and make new experiences to share with others.

能力建设的一个重要部分是吸取经验教训。应让员工了解过去的经历,以便他们了解可能出现的问题,并提出解决方案。这使他们足够谨慎,避免过去犯下的错误,并创造新的经验与他人分享。

9. Resources 资源

Next in importance, for successful income generating projects are the resources with which to engage in productive activity. For this, every company needs two major resources. One the human resources which could be more valuable than money or anything money can buy. The senior employees, employers, managers and human resources team is responsible to maximize the capacity of the individuals by more than 50% by employing great ideas, experiences, skill sets and techniques for building the right skills in the employees.

其次,对于成功的创收项目来说,从事生产活动所需的资源至关重要。为此,每家公司都需要两大资源。其中之一是人力资源,它可能比金钱或金钱能买到的任何东西都更有价值。高级员工、雇主、经理和人力资源团队有责任通过运用优秀的想法、经验、技能和技术,在员工中培养正确的技能,将个人能力最大化50%以上。

The second one is the technological resources or the monetary resources such as land, buildings, machines, outsourced techniques for capacity building. This is also an important part for building skill sets because solid assets and technological resources are needed to support the program of maximizing the learning process especially in certain fields such as manufacturing and science.

第二种是用于能力建设的技术资源或货币资源,如土地、建筑、机器、外包技术。这也是建立技能集的重要组成部分,因为需要坚实的资产和技术资源来支持最大化学习过程的计划,尤其是在制造业和科学等特定领域。

10. Lobbying skills 游说技巧

Lobbying(alsolobby) is the act of attempting to influence decisions made by officials in the government, most often legislators or members of regulatory agencies. It is an important skill that every individual should learn in life for himself/herself or as a part of the organization. This is the skill that makes you get your work done most of the time. People with lobbying skills are one of the most successful people because the organization relies on them to get their jobs done.

游说是试图影响政府官员做出的决定的行为,通常是立法者或监管机构成员。这是每个人在生活中都应该为自己或作为组织的一部分学习的一项重要技能。这是一种让你大部分时间都能完成工作的技能。具有游说技能的人是最成功的人之一,因为组织依靠他们来完成工作。

Lobbying skills are just another version of persuasion and communication. To build such skills a special training for communication, soft skills are required which include understanding others and reading people’s minds so that it becomes easier to turn them in your favour. In today’s world, people are especially paid high amounts for their lobbying skills and their proficiency in persuasion and negotiation. Though the ethics of lobbying are dual edged, but it is clear that every individual at some point of life becomes a lobbyist and the one who knows it best takes away the piece of cake.

游说技巧只是说服和沟通的另一种形式。为了培养这种技能——一种特殊的沟通培训,需要软技能,包括理解他人和解读他人的想法,这样更容易让他们对你有利。在当今世界,人们因其游说技巧以及说服和谈判的熟练程度而获得的报酬尤其高。尽管游说的道德是两面性的,但很明显,每个人在人生的某个阶段都会成为游说者,而最了解这一点的人会拿走蛋糕。

Summary 总结

The first idea that comes to mind when thinking about capacity is the old saying “Give a man a fish, and he eats for a day. Teach a man to fish, and he eats for a lifetime[7]”. Capacity building aims to apply this saying to the individuals and organizations, by focusing less on providing one-time resources and more on encouragement of ability for organizations to do new things for a lifetime. It is an important point to focus on when aiming for productivity, development, excelling in completion, economic and social welfare. Many ways are employed by organizations for capacity building and it is important to understand that these exercises are a vital part to the road leading to success.

本篇英国作业在文末总结:当思考能力时,脑海中浮现的第一个想法是一句老话:“给人一条鱼,他吃一天。教人钓鱼,他吃一生”。能力建设旨在将这句话应用于个人和组织,减少对提供一次性资源的关注,更多地鼓励组织终身从事新事物的能力。这是追求生产力、发展、卓越完成、经济和社会福利时需要关注的一个重要问题。各组织采用多种方式进行能力建设,重要的是要理解,这些做法是通往成功之路的重要组成部分。本站提供英国留学生作业写作指导,如有需要可咨询本平台。


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